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1989  

Matthias Middell

Published in print:
Jan 2014
Published Online:
Dec 2013
The essay argues that the story of 1989 can be told either as a narrow or a wide story. The narrow story focuses on the end of communism, the unification of Germany, and the subsequent ... More

Africa  

Elizabeth Schmidt

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the impact of the Cold War on Africa. It explains that while Africa is the least-known Cold War battleground, the United States, the Soviet Union, China, and Cuba ... More

After the Fear was Over? What Came After Dictatorships in Spain, Greece, and Portugal  

Helen Graham and Alejandro Quiroga

Published in print:
May 2012
Published Online:
Sep 2012
What Spain, Greece, and Portugal have in common in the twentieth century is the manner in which their internal processes of change – rural to urban, agrarian to industrial – were ... More

Britain and the Cold War, 1945–1990  

Klaus Larres

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the role of Great Britain in the Cold War. It describes the condition and experiences of Britain from 1945 to 1990 and explores how Britain managed to maintain its ... More

Brothers, Strangers and Enemies: Ethno-Nationalism and the Demise of Communist Yugoslavia  

Cathie Carmichael

Published in print:
May 2012
Published Online:
Sep 2012
In the forty-five years after World War II that Communist Yugoslavia existed, judgements as to the success of the experiment differed widely. Unlike the first royalist Yugoslav state, ... More

China and the Cold War  

Rana Mitter

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the role of China in the Cold War. It describes the origins of Cold War in China and the participation of nationalist China in World War 2 and the Cold War, and ... More

The Cold War and the Imperialism of Nation-States  

Prasenjit Duara

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the role of the imperialism of nation-states in the Cold War. It suggests that the Cold War rivalry provided the “frame of reference” in which the historical forces ... More

The Cold War and the Middle East  

Salim Yaqub

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Jan 2013
Subject:
History, Cold War
This chapter, which examines the history of the Cold War in the Middle East. It explains that the Cold War in the Middle East was never a contest between equals and explains that Western ... More

The Cold War in Southeast Asia  

Ang Cheng Guan

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of the Cold War in Southeast Asia. It explains that the onset of the Cold War coincided with nationalist struggles and decolonization, and explains why ... More

Cold War Intelligence History  

John Prados

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Jan 2013
Subject:
History, Cold War
This chapter examines the role of intelligence operations in the history of the Cold War. The analysis reveals that Cold War intelligence agencies played important roles in foreign policy ... More

Cold War Strategies/Power and Culture—East: Sources of Soviet Conduct Reconsidered  

Vladislav Zubok

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the root motives behind the Soviet struggle against the West and the paradigm of Soviet international behavior related to the Cold War. It suggests that ... More

A Continent Bristling With Arms: Continuity and Change In Western European Security Policies After the Second World War  

Leopoldo Nuti

Published in print:
May 2012
Published Online:
Sep 2012
Since the end of World War II, Europe has known an unprecedented period of peace that has profoundly altered the political landscape of the continent. Yet at the same time, for much of the ... More

Decolonization and the Cold War  

Cary Fraser

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines decolonization during the Cold War. It suggests that decolonization can be considered both as a response to the globalization of European influence and as a process ... More

Democracy and Dictatorship in the Cold War: the Two Germanies, 1949–1961  

Andrew I. Port

Published in print:
Sep 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2012
Subject:
History, Cold War
The ‘long 1950s’ was a decade of conspicuous contrasts: a time of dismantling and reconstruction, economic and political, as well as cultural and moral; a time of Americanization and ... More

East, West, and the Return of ‘Central’: Borders Drawn and Redrawn  

Catherine Lee and Robert Bideleux

Published in print:
May 2012
Published Online:
Sep 2012
Western Europe has not only met but also married Eastern Europe, even if there are rumours that it was a marriage of convenience, consummated in ‘EU Europe’. Nevertheless, a significant ... More

Eastern Europe  

Bernd Stöver

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the role and experience of Eastern Europe in the Cold War. It explains that the history of East Central Europe's Cold War began with the gradual dissolution of the ... More

Economics and the Cold War  

Ian Jackson

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Jan 2013
This chapter explores the economic aspect of the Cold War. It analyzes historiographic debates on the role of economic factors in the Cold War and discusses the nature and scope of the ... More

The End of the Cold War  

Nicholas Guyatt

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Jan 2013
Subject:
History, Cold War
This chapter discusses the history of the end of the Cold War. It describes different versions of what signified the end of the Cold War, which include the demolition of the Berlin Wall in ... More

Europe's Cold War  

Jussi M. Hanhimäki

Published in print:
May 2012
Published Online:
Sep 2012
In 1945, much of Europe was in rubble, following an orgy of violence and genocide unprecedented in recorded history. This alone provides one explanation for the phenomenal rise of Soviet ... More

European Integration: The Rescue of the Nation State?  

Robert Bideleux

Published in print:
May 2012
Published Online:
Sep 2012
Rejecting claims that European integration has been inimical or antithetical to nations, states, and ‘national’ interests, Alan Milward's The European Rescue of the Nation-State (1992) ... More

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