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The Coinage of Roman Egypt  

Angelo Geissen

Published in print:
Feb 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Already under the Ptolemies, the coinage of Egypt circulated in a closed currency system: foreign money had to be exchanged for the local currency at the borders, and Egyptian currency ... More

The Coinage of the Ptolemies  

Catharine C. Lorber

Published in print:
Feb 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
The coinage of the Ptolemies stands apart from other royal Hellenistic currencies in interesting respects, including the prominence of gold and bronze coins vis-à-vis silver and the role ... More

The Coptic Tradition  

Anne Boud'hors

Published in print:
Oct 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
This article presents an overview both of the contents of Coptic literature and of the general questions within which it unfolds. The discussions cover the importance of the Bible; the ... More

Egypt  

Joseph G. Manning

Published in print:
Feb 2013
Published Online:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of, and the important factors that contributed to, state formation in ancient Egypt during the period from around 3500 BCE to the end of the Ptolemaic ... More

Egypt  

Arietta Papaconstantinou

Published in print:
Oct 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
This article discusses Egypt in Late Antiquity. Egypt in this period was associated with monasticism, administration, taxes, the Apions, Dioskoros, Alexandria and Coptic art, and has often ... More

Egypt  

Jacke Phillips

Published in print:
Jan 2012
Published Online:
Sep 2012
Ancient Egypt essentially encompassed some 1,180 kilometers of the Nile Valley where the river fans out into multiple branches and ultimately reaches the Mediterranean Sea. The ancient ... More

Egypt in Roman Visual and Material Culture  

Caitlín Eilís Barrett

This review article addresses current controversies and opportunities in research on the roles, uses, and meanings of “Egypt” in ancient Roman visual and material culture. Accordingly, the ... More

Egyptian Law, Saite to Roman Periods  

Sandra Lippert

Published Online:
Feb 2016
This article treats the development of the Egyptian legal system from the Saite to the Roman period (664 BCE to about 150 CE). It addresses the much-disputed question of whether one can ... More

Egyptian Religion and Magic in the Papyri  

Willy Clarysse

Published in print:
Dec 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2012
The first section of this article discusses traditional religion, looking at the Ancient Egyptian worldview, mummification and afterlife, and the role of the temples in economy and ... More

Egyptian—Ptolemaic (Hieroglyphs)  

Dieter Kurth

Published Online:
Mar 2017
After a concise introduction, the chapter considers texts of varying length as examples of the literature that was written in hieroglyphs during the period of Roman rule in Egypt. The ... More

Geography and Administration in Egypt (332 BCE–642 CE)  

Maria Rosaria Falivene

Published in print:
Dec 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article outlines the administrative geography of Egypt under the Graeco-Macedonian regime and as it evolved over the next millennium. This information comes from papyri and ... More

Greek and Roman Slaving in Comparative Ancient Perspective: The Level of Integration  

Catherine Hezser

Graeco-Roman slavery can be properly understood only when compared with slave practices in other ancient societies. This chapter shows that in ancient Israel, Egypt, and Babylonia slavery ... More

Money and Prices in the Papyri, Ptolemaic Period  

Sitta von Reden

This article examines developments in money and prices in Egypt during the Ptolemaic period based on numismatic and papyrological evidence. It first considers the introduction, spread, and ... More

Naucratis  

Myrto Malouta

Published Online:
Jul 2015
This chapter traces the history of Naucratis and highlights the city’s main characteristics, arranged thematically. Naucratis represents the first instance of organized Greek presence ... More

The Places of Roman Isis: Between Egyptomania, Politics, and Religion  

Lauren Hackworth Petersen

This article examines ancient Rome’s ties to Egypt via the goddess Isis. More specifically, it considers the political meanings of Isis and her place in Roman religion and ritual. It first ... More

The Ptolemies: Hellenistic Kingship in Egypt  

Stefan Pfeiffer

Published Online:
May 2016
This article explores the character(s) of Ptolemaic kingship in Egypt. A special focus is placed on the legitimation of kingship and the different forms of (self-) representation of the ... More

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