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The A-Group and 4th Millennium BCE Nubia  

Maria Carmela Gatto

Print publication date:
Feb 2021
Online publication date:
Jan 2021
This chapter discusses the 4th millennium bce in Nubia, which was characterized by a further advance in the process of socio-economic complexity already underway during the previous ... More

The Aegean  

Jacke Phillips

Print publication date:
Nov 2020
Online publication date:
Dec 2020
Aegeanists rather than Egyptologists have investigated Bronze Age Egypto-Aegean relations. Although a few Egyptologists consider these issues in considerable depth, a general lack of ... More

Aegypto Capta: Augustus and the Annexation of Egypt  

Friederike Herklotz

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article discusses the Ptolemaic legacy and Egyptian independence; the annexation of Egypt; and the first Roman prefects in Egypt. In contrast to earlier changes of ruler, the ... More

Africa south of Egypt  

Robert Morkot

Print publication date:
Nov 2020
Online publication date:
Dec 2020
Scholarly attitudes to the regions south of Egypt have changed significantly in recent decades. Despite this, the terminology of the first archaeologists persists as do some ideas about ... More

Age and Health  

Walter Scheidel

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Roman Egypt is the only part of the ancient world where documentary evidence for the age composition of the general population has survived. Pertinent information is provided by extant ... More

Alexandria  

Marjorie S. Venit

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Distinguished in the first century bce as 'the first city of the civilized world', Alexandria still wore the accolade 'crown of all cities' as late as the fourth century bce. After Egypt's ... More

The Amun Cult and Its Development in Nubia  

Luc Gabolde

Print publication date:
Feb 2021
Online publication date:
Jan 2021
This chapter examines the origins of the god Amun, of his name, his ram-headed form, and their connections to Nubia, which seem to have been overestimated. Amun appears to be the major ... More

Ancient Egyptian architecture  

Corinna Rossi

Print publication date:
Nov 2020
Online publication date:
Dec 2020
Architectural remains represent one of our main sources of information on ancient Egypt, and one of the first aspects of the ancient Egyptian civilization to have captured the attention of ... More

Ancient Egyptian fauna  

Salima Ikram

Print publication date:
Nov 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2015
The vast range of animals found in ancient Egypt not only contributed to creating its language and religion, but they were also a mainstay of its economy, and played key roles in daily ... More

Ancient Egyptian pottery  

Bettina Bader

Print publication date:
Nov 2020
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This chapter sketches the nature of evidence to be gained from careful analysis of the ceramic remains in ancient Egypt, and the ways to achieve it, explaining some of the advances made in ... More

Animals in ancient Egyptian religion: belief, identity, power, and economy  

Salima Ikram

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Apr 2017
In addition to providing food, companionship, and raw materials for clothing, furniture, tools, and ornaments, animals also played a key role in religious practices in ancient Egypt. Apart ... More

Archaeological Practice in the 21st Century: Reflecting on Archaeologist-Community Relationships in Sudan’s Nile Valley  

Jane Humphris, Rebecca Bradshaw, and Geoff Emberling

Print publication date:
Feb 2021
Online publication date:
Jan 2021
Archaeological research on the African continent developed hand in hand with European colonization. Although many countries became independent over sixty years ago, archaeological practice ... More

Archaeology in the Delta  

Penelope Wilson

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article reviews archaeological studies in the Nile Delta. It discusses problems of archaeological work in the Delta; previous work in the Delta; current research and survey; survey and ... More

The Archaeology of Amarna  

Anna Stevens

This essay assesses the body of archaeological research connected to the New Kingdom settlement site of Amarna (ancient Akhetaten), the short-lived capital of Egypt founded by king ... More

Archaeology of Early Christianity in Egypt  

Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter discusses the evolution of scholarly interest in Christian antiquities in Egypt after 1900. The archaeology of early Christianity developed much later than the field of ... More

The Archaeology of Medieval Nubian Kingdoms  

Artur Obłuski

Print publication date:
Feb 2021
Online publication date:
Jan 2021
The following chapter approaches the archaeology of medieval Nubia from a regional perspective. First, it presents the nomenclature used for chronology, then the history of archaeological ... More

The Archaeology of the Fayum  

Paola Davoli

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article discusses the archaeology of the Fayum region, covering land reclamation projects; discoveries and archaeological excavations; layout of Graeco-Roman settlements; and houses of ... More

The Art and Archaeology of the Giza Plateau  

Laurel Flentye

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The pyramid complexes of kings Khufu, Khafra, and Menkaura of the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom period with their surrounding cemeteries at the Giza Necropolis contribute to our ... More

Arts and Crafts of the Medieval Kingdoms of Nubia  

Dobrochna Zielińska

Print publication date:
Feb 2021
Online publication date:
Jan 2021
After the collapse of the Meroitic Empire, three independent kingdoms arose within its former territory. Because of a lack of centralized political authority and artistic production, their ... More

Aspects of the Relationships between the Community of Sheikh Abd al-Qurna and Ancient Egyptian Monuments  

Andrew Bednarski and Gemma Tully

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Epigraphers and archaeologists working in Egypt must navigate a host of complex relationships both on and off site. This chapter explores the multifaceted nature of local Egyptian peoples’ ... More

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