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Buddhist Economics: Scales of Value in Global Exchange  

Matthew King

In addition to summarizing key concerns in Theravāda Buddhist Economics by scholars such as E. F. Schumacher and the Thai monk Payutto, this essay explores how descriptions of the West, ... More

Differentiation  

Steve Bruce

Published in print:
Nov 2016
Published Online:
Jun 2017
This chapter looks at the relevance of the concept of ‘differentiation’ for the study of religion. Differentiation plays a major part in most explanations of secularization, but it is ... More

Divergent Modes of Religiosity and Armed Struggle  

Harvey Whitehouse and Brian McQuinn

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Mar 2013
This chapter investigates one of the most powerful mechanisms by which groups may be formed, inspired, and coordinated—ritual—which may be defined as normative behavior with an ... More

Life-Cycle Rites of Passage  

Harvey E. Goldberg

Published in print:
Oct 2015
Published Online:
Nov 2015
Life-cycle rituals only gradually became an explicit axis of concern in Abrahamic religions while some of the cultural materials for this focus are ancient. There are both conceptual and ... More

Religion and Violence from a Political Science Perspective  

Daniel Philpott

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Mar 2013
This chapter presents an account for religious violence, and also evaluates institutional independence and political theology more carefully. Then, it uses these two factors to elaborate ... More

Religion and Violence from a Psychological Perspective  

James W. Jones

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Mar 2013
This chapter summarizes some of the methods and findings in religion and violence from a psychological perspective, reviewing Stanley Milgram's obedience to authority and Philip Zimbardo's ... More

Religion and Violence from a Sociological Perspective  

John R. Hall

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Mar 2013
This chapter investigates the circumstances of violence in a way that identifies alternative “domains” in which religious concatenations of violence arise. Despite the fluidity of ... More

Religious Terrorism as Performance Violence  

Mark Juergensmeyer

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Mar 2013
This chapter describes religious terrorism as “performance violence,” illustrating that performance violence is planned in order to obtain tangible goals, and also to theatrically enact ... More

Ritual, Religion, and Violence: An Evolutionary Perspective  

Candace S. Alcorta and Richard Sosis

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Mar 2013
This chapter, which discusses the association between religion and violence, also addresses why suicide terrorists are willing to offer their lives for their life-affirming religions. ... More

A Sociological Approach to Questions about Religious Diversity  

Michele Dillon

Published in print:
Dec 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2011
This article examines questions about religious diversity from a sociological perspective, focusing on Europe and the United States. The public face and much of the public's awareness of ... More

A Sociotheological Approach to Understanding Religious Violence  

Mark Juergensmeyer and Mona Kanwal Sheikh

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Mar 2013
This chapter tries to illustrate that there has been a “sociotheological turn” in contemporary scholarship which encourages social scientists to take stock of the religious justifications ... More

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