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Bishops, Education, and Discipline  

Sarah Hamilton

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
May 2014
Church discipline and the ways in which it was implemented offers an important window on to the relations between churchmen and lay people. But historians need to understand what ... More

The Boundaries of Christendom and Islam: Iberia and the Latin Levant  

Amy G. Remensnyder

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Jan 2014
This chapter examines the geographical, conceptual, and spiritual boundaries between Christendom and Islam in the middle ages, focussing on Iberia and the Levant. It notes that the ... More

The Christian Church, 13701550  

David J. Collins S.J.

Published in print:
Jul 2015
Published Online:
Nov 2014
This chapter reviews major themes in the history of Western Christianity from the onset of the Western Schism (1378) to the opening of the Council of Trent (1345). Topics include late ... More

Christian Experiences of Religious Non-conformism  

Grado Giovanni Merlo

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Jul 2014
Noting that ‘heresy’ is an identity and label which is imposed rather than self-ascribed, this chapter places at its centre the notion of ‘non-conformity’ within Christianity, tracing the ... More

Christianity and Its Others: Jews, Muslims, and Pagans  

Sara Lipton

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Jan 2014
For many historians, western Christendom between 1100 and 1500 can be characterized by the defining of Christian identity and the forging of Christian unity against an abstracted, ... More

Christianizing Kingdoms  

Sverre Bagge

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
May 2014
This chapter considers processes of conversion in the medieval Church, from the Roman empire to the Duchy of Lithuania, but with a particular focus on the northern European kingdoms that ... More

Christianizing Political Discourses  

Geoffrey Koziol

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Apr 2014
This chapter notes the early dominance of kings and emperors within the narrative of ‘the Church’, and argues that rather than thinking of early Christianity as a ‘royal religion’, we can ... More

The Church as Lord  

George Dameron

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Jan 2014
Church lords were among the most powerful owners of property in the middle ages. We have learned much about the cultural and social histories of the medieval Church in the past generation, ... More

Civic Religion  

Nicholas Terpstra

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Apr 2014
‘Civic religion’ is a modern term, but useful nonetheless in framing the particular context of religion in medieval towns and cities, where greater social and political stratification ... More

Conclusion: Looking Back from the Reformation  

Ronnie Po-chia Hsia

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
May 2014
This chapter considers the changes wrought by the Reformation, in an attempt to sketch continuities and changes from the Christianity of the middle ages. It looks to the further ... More

Continuity and Change in the Institutional Church  

Ian Forrest

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Apr 2014
In thinking about the Church as an institution, this chapter argues that there is a need for a more imaginative approach. Previous approaches to ‘institutions’ are critiqued for the ... More

Doubts and the Absence of Faith  

Dorothea Weltecke

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Apr 2014
This chapter demonstrates that any lingering notion of the middle ages as an ‘Age of Faith’ and unquestioning credulity must be laid to rest. There was considerable theological and ... More

Fear, Hope, Death, and Salvation  

Arnold Angenendt

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Jun 2014
From the biblical message of death and resurrection, Christianity moves between two poles, the fear of death and the hope for eternal life. Belief in Heaven and Hell, and subsequently in ... More

Histories and Historiographies of Medieval Christianity  

John H. Arnold

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Jun 2014
This chapter provides an overview of the main historiographical contexts in which the study of medieval Christianity has been pursued, and raises questions about its future direction. It ... More

Intellectuals and the Masses: Oxen and She-asses in the Medieval Church  

Peter Biller

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Apr 2014
Medievalists have projected the notion of ‘intellectuals’ back into the middle ages, with various meanings. In this chapter, masters and students of theology are taken as ‘intellectuals’, ... More

Introduction: A History of Medieval Christianity  

John H. Arnold

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Jun 2014
This chapter provides a general introduction to the volume The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Christianity. It outlines the overall conception of the volume, noting in particular that the ... More

Localized Faith: Parochial and Domestic Spaces  

Katherine L. French

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Jun 2014
In medieval Europe, the parish was the basic unit of orthodox lay worship, but it was also a unit of social regulation, moral instruction, and taxation. This chapter will survey the role ... More

Magic and its Hazards in the Late Medieval West  

Richard Kieckhefer

Published in print:
Mar 2013
Published Online:
May 2013
This article examines the various forms of magic known in medieval Europe, focusing on those features that made it suspect and led to censure, prohibition, and prosecution. It suggests ... More

Material Culture and Medieval Christianity  

Beth Williamson

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Jun 2014
This chapter discusses the historiographical and methodological traditions that have informed our understanding of the place of material culture in the study of medieval Christianity, and ... More

Medieval Christianity in a World Historical Perspective  

R. I. Moore

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Jan 2014
This chapter looks at medieval Christianity in contrast to other ‘world religions’, making the point however that how we conceive ‘religion’ and what we think it involves has itself been ... More

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