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Chemical Sciences and Natural Theology  

David Knight

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter discusses chemistry's connection to natural theology, tracing the history of chemistry from its origins in alchemy to developments in the twentieth century. Alchemists sought to ape and ... More

Constructionism and Its Critics  

John Kloos

Print publication date:
Dec 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Since the 1970s, social scientists increasingly have cast human emotions in the arenas of culturally or linguistically constructed expression. A wide spectrum of theoretical terminology ... More

Contributions from Queer Theory  

Patrick S. Cheng

This chapter provides an overview of what Christian theologians need to know about queer theory, which is a critical approach to sexuality and gender that challenges the ‘naturalness’ of ... More

Desire and Love  

Ola Sigurdson

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Desire and love have always been important themes in Christianity, but there is no self-evident meaning for either of these concepts. This chapter examines some important contributions in ... More

Emile Durkheim  

W. S. F. Pickering

Print publication date:
Dec 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Emile Durkheim founded his sociology enterprise on the equation that in order to understand social phenomena, the social must be explained in terms of the social. This becomes practically ... More

Friedrich Schleiermacher and Rudolf Otto  

Jacqueline Mariña

Print publication date:
Dec 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Two names often grouped together in the study of religion are Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768–1884) and Rudolf Otto (1869–1937). Central to their understanding of religion is the idea that ... More

Jewish Bioethics: The Distribution of Health Care  

Aaron L. Mackler

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter discusses the distribution of health care, an issue that has become particularly urgent and controversial in recent years because the median age of populations in most ... More

Kierkegaard  

David Kangas

Print publication date:
Dec 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This essay explores the intersection of religion and emotion in the thought of Søren Kierkegaard (1813–1855). Emotions—or, more generally, affectivity—play a central role in Kierkegaard's ... More

Natural Theology and Ecology  

Christopher Southgate

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter discusses the type of natural theology appropriate to the reading of ecosystems, and gives a number of examples of such an approach. It begins by discussing the impact of Darwinism and ... More

Non-Religion  

Lois Lee

Print publication date:
Nov 2016
Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Beginning with a focus on ‘secularism’ in the mid-1990s and extending to the study of ‘secularity,’ ‘atheism,’ and ‘irreligious’ and ‘non-religious’ cultures from the mid-2000s onwards, ... More

A Sociological Perspective on Natural Theology  

Richard K. Fenn

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter provides a sociological perspective on natural theology. It argues that understanding natural theology means grasping what Freud referred to as a ‘pre-animist’ form of religiosity, one ... More

The Theological Study of Gender  

Tina Beattie

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
This chapter traces the academic development of postmodern theology and gender studies, from the feminist theologies of the 1960s–1980s through the ‘linguistic turn’ to the emergence of ... More

The Theological Study of Sexuality  

Elizabeth Stuart

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
This article explores the key methodological approaches evident in theologies of sexuality since theological reflection upon sexuality emerged as a distinctive discipline in the latter ... More

Theology and Practice in Evangelical Churches  

Andrew Goddard

This chapter examines the continuities, development, and diversity found among evangelical Christians as they explore different patterns of evangelical response to new and challenging ... More

Time, Eternity, and Eschatology  

William Lane Craig

Print publication date:
Dec 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Time is that dimension of reality whose constituent elements are ordered by relations of “earlier than,” “simultaneous with,” and “later than”, and are experienced by us as past, present, ... More

William James  

Jeremy Carrette

Print publication date:
Dec 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
William James's 1884 theory of emotion is perhaps the most well known of all his psychological ideas, particularly as it forms a key historical landmark in the history of the concept. His ... More

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