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Anthropology and Religion  

Michael Lambek

Published in print:
Apr 2008
Published Online:
Sep 2009
Once people accept the historical emergence and spread of science as a unique discursive formation, it becomes nonsense to talk about the relationship between religion and science, or ... More

Anthropology of Religious Conversion  

Henri Gooren

Published in print:
Apr 2014
Published Online:
May 2014
This chapter analyzes important approaches in anthropology that have dealt with religious change. The central question is how anthropologists identify and analyze the main factors in the ... More

Anti-Semitism Research  

Wolfgang Benz

Published in print:
Dec 2004
Published Online:
Sep 2009
Anti-Semitism refers to all anti-Jewish statements, tendencies, resentments, attitudes, and actions, regardless of whether they are religiously, racially, socially, or otherwise motivated. ... More

Art, Architecture, and Archaeology  

Lee I. Levine

Published in print:
Dec 2004
Published Online:
Sep 2009
This article addresses three related, though not identical, academic fields of study that crystallized only in the twentieth century. Beforehand, it had generally been assumed, whether for ... More

Atheism  

William Sims Bainbridge

Published in print:
Feb 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2009
The question of the relationship between religion and science emerges again in this article. The discussion looks at the relationship between religion and irreligion and/or atheism, a much ... More

Atheism and Science  

Peter Atkins

Published in print:
Apr 2008
Published Online:
Sep 2009
Science is the only path to understanding. It would be contaminated rather than enriched by any alliance with religion. Such should be the attitude of a scientifically alert atheist. This ... More

Atheism and Societal Health  

Phil Zuckerman

Published in print:
Nov 2013
Published Online:
Oct 2013
This article examines the strong correlation that currently exists between high levels of secularity in a given society positive societal well-being. By looking at the most and least ... More

Atheism, Health, and Well-Being  

Karen Hwang

Published in print:
Nov 2013
Published Online:
Oct 2013
The last few years have seen a great deal of research on the association between religion, spirituality, and medical outcomes. This research has not been without controversy however, in ... More

Augustine  

James Wetzel

Published in print:
Dec 2007
Published Online:
Sep 2009
The dazzling display of emotional intelligence that gives the Confessions, Augustine's most famous work, its resonance for students of the inner life is evident, albeit in more muted hues, ... More

Buddhism  

Maria Heim

Published in print:
Dec 2007
Published Online:
Sep 2009
Buddhism deals directly with the emotions as a chief concern of its doctrine and practice. The Buddha's core teaching of the Four Noble Truths begins with an emotional truth, that is, that ... More

Buddhist Economics: Scales of Value in Global Exchange  

Matthew King

In addition to summarizing key concerns in Theravāda Buddhist Economics by scholars such as E. F. Schumacher and the Thai monk Payutto, this essay explores how descriptions of the West, ... More

Chemical Sciences and Natural Theology  

David Knight

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Jun 2013
This chapter discusses chemistry's connection to natural theology, tracing the history of chemistry from its origins in alchemy to developments in the twentieth century. Alchemists sought to ape and ... More

Christian Initiation  

Maxwell E. Johnson

Published in print:
Sep 2008
Published Online:
Sep 2009
To study the rites of Christian initiation in the early church is to encounter not one but several liturgical traditions in development. This article seeks to provide an introductory ... More

The Christian Reconstruction Movement in U.S. Politics  

Julie Ingersoll

For more than half a century, Rousas John Rushdoony and his followers have articulated and disseminated what they understand to be a biblical worldview, based in aspects of traditional ... More

Christianity  

Andrew Tallon

Published in print:
Dec 2007
Published Online:
Sep 2009
This essay explores philosophical and theological frameworks for the development in Christianity of notions of “head” religion and “heart” religion. Such notions are the product of a ... More

Church-sect-cult: Constructing Typologies of Religious Groups  

Lorne L. Dawson

Published in print:
Feb 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2009
This article attempts to refine the classification of religious collectivities into churches, denominations, sects, and cults. While convinced that it remains a useful typology, the ... More

Cities as One Site for Religion and Violence  

Saskia Sassen

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Mar 2013
This chapter covers the question of organized religions in the complex global modernity. It explores a range of interactions between the rise of cities as key global spaces for economic, ... More

Conceptual Models in the Study of Religion  

Jeppe Sinding Jensen

Published in print:
Feb 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2009
This article surveys the nature and role of conceptual models in the study of religion. It aims to replace prior ideas of religious ‘phenomena’ as given, self-evident data. The argument ... More

Congregations: Local, Social, and Religious  

Nancy T. Ammerman

Published in print:
Feb 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2009
From the perspective of the sociology of religion, this article looks at what is a relatively new kind of religious collectivity: the congregation. This form of religious association ... More

Constructionism and Its Critics  

John Kloos

Published in print:
Dec 2007
Published Online:
Sep 2009
Since the 1970s, social scientists increasingly have cast human emotions in the arenas of culturally or linguistically constructed expression. A wide spectrum of theoretical terminology ... More

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