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Arms Control and Disarmament  

Keith Krause

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This chapter evaluates the achievements and limitations of the United Nations (including the Conference on Disarmament) in the field of disarmament, emphasizing the UN’s role as part of ... More

Arms Control and Disarmament Diplomacy  

Rebecca Johnson

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
This article begins by discussing the four kinds of development that helped change the expectations, objectives, and conduct of modern disarmament diplomacy: (i) transformative advances in ... More

Bilateral Diplomacy  

Andrés Rozental and Alicia Buenrostro

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
Diplomacy is based on crafting ways to enhance relations among nations. Bilateral diplomacy determines when, where, and how a specific country-to-country relationship will become more ... More

Bretton Woods Institutions  

Ngaire Woods

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
The IMF and World Bank were created at the end of World War II to support economic stability, trade, and reconstruction around the world. Subsequently, they became strongly associated with ... More

The Catholic Church and International Relation  

Jodok Troy

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
The Catholic Church is the oldest and largest transgovernmental organization in the world; in particular, Pope Francis’s reign reveals interesting puzzles for international relations. In ... More

The Changing Nature of Diplomacy  

Andrew F. Cooper

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
This article begins with a discussion of the essential duality of diplomacy – the ‘nothing is or will be different now or in the future’ perspective and the enthusiastic search for ... More

Climate Change  

Maria Ivanova

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Climate change surpasses the ability of any state to tackle on their own and requires global collective action. As a universal political body, the United Nations is indispensable to ... More

Commission Diplomacy  

Gareth Evans

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
High-level panels and commissions have become in recent decades a very busy second-track diplomatic industry. Since the 1980s, more than thirty commissions have come and gone, harnessing ... More

Conference Diplomacy  

A.J.R. Groom

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
This article begins by focusing on the development of conference diplomacy during the long nineteenth century. It then describes how global problems gave rise to global conferences, which ... More

Consular Affairs  

Maaike Okano-Heijmans

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
This article argues that while not all consular activities involve a degree of diplomacy or international, high politics, the consular institution as a whole has been – and continues to be ... More

Crime and Criminal Justice  

Peter Romaniuk

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This chapter surveys the institutions, mandates, norms, and rules that comprise UN action in the fields of crime prevention, criminal justice, drug control, and transnational organized ... More

Cultural Diplomacy  

Patricia M. Goff

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
Cultural diplomacy springs from two premises. First, that good relations can take root in the fertile ground of understanding and respect. Second, cultural diplomacy rests on the ... More

Cyber Threats  

Lucas Kello

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Cyber threats have become a pre-eminent concern in international affairs. The security of cyberspace has become a condition of the survival of modern societies; yet the scale of the ... More

Defence Diplomacy  

Juan Emilio Cheyre

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
This article discusses the development of defence diplomacy. Defence diplomacy’s origins lie in the classic military diplomacy extant since ancient times and revived in the Napoleonic era. ... More

Democracy and Good Governance  

W. Andy Knight

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This chapter examines the UN’s role in promoting and encouraging democracy and good governance. The world organizations is in a pivotal position to help promote and strengthen the global ... More

Diplomacy and the International Criminal Court  

Benjamin N. Schiff

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
The International Criminal Court (ICC) combines traditional ‘club’ diplomacy with ‘network’ interactions. Dedicated to the norm of anti-impunity for perpetrators of genocide, crimes ... More

The Diplomacy of Security  

K.J. Holsti

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
Security became the most prominent value sought by governments in the twentieth century. The funds expended to achieve it, and the amount of time and money diplomats spend negotiating ... More

Economic and Social Council  

Gert Rosenthal

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This chapter offers an overview of the ECOSOC since its establishment as one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. It explores its functions, structure, organization, working ... More

Establishing the Ministry of External Affairs  

Pallavi Raghavan

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2015
This chapter argues that the decision to retain the institutional wisdom of the old External Affairs Department, as well as its predecessors, was taken quite deliberately, with a clear ... More

Evolution in Knowledge and Norms  

Leon Gordenker and Christer Jönsson

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
The UN system produces abundant, easily accessible information about itself and about the world at large. The statistics and databases compiled in the UN system help monitor progress on ... More

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