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Addressing the Gender Gap in R2P  

Sara Davies

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Since its inception, the responsibility to protect (R2P) principle has been progressively narrowed in its scope and application in order to capture widespread support from governments and ... More

The African Union  

Kwesi Aning and Frank Okyere

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The African Union has been acclaimed for its effort in adopting policies that seek to protect civilian populations from mass atrocity crimes. It has transited from the principle of ... More

The Arab Region  

Fateh Azzam and Coralie Hindawi

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter looks at Arab perspectives on the responsibility to protect, both at a conventional, state-focused level, and at the level of civil society. The study shows that the Arab ... More

Asia Pacific and South Asia  

Sarah Teitt

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
There is a tendency to view R2P diffusion in the Asia Pacific region as a function of ‘norm containment’, which explains endorsement of R2P as a result of the weakening, deconstruction, or ... More

The Blurry Boundary between Peacebuilding and R2P  

Roland Paris

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Policy practitioners and scholars have tended to treat the responsibility to protect (R2P) and peacebuilding as separate domains. This chapter, in contrast, argues that these two domains ... More

Conflict Prevention and R2P  

Ruben Reike

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter examines how the agenda of prevention of armed conflict relates to the principle of the responsibility to protect (R2P). While R2P was originally assumed to be fully ... More

Côte d’Ivoire  

Charles T. Hunt

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter examines the international response to Côte d’Ivoire’s post-election crisis in 2010/11. In particular, it analyses the elements that relate to the responsibility to protect ... More

Darfur  

Jess Gifkins

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter examines the application of R2P to Darfur by the UN Security Council. It outlines the Security Council’s engagement with Darfur prior to the 2005 agreement on R2P, and ... More

The Democratic Republic of Congo  

Arthur J. Boutellis

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Authorized in the wake of the Srebrenica massacre and Rwandan genocide, the United Nations peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) was the first of two UN ... More

Embedding R2P in a New Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities  

Kishore Mahbubani

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The responsibility to protect (R2P) will soon face significant stress. As a perceived Western value, it could suffer as Western power recedes. It could also be undermined by Western double ... More

Europe and the European Union  

Chiara de Franco, Christoph Meyer, and Karen E. Smith

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter analyses acceptance and implementation of the norm of the responsibility to protect by the European Union and its member states. Although European states have accepted the ... More

Getting There, Being There: The Dual Roles of the Special Adviser  

Edward C. Luck

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter examines the implementation of R2P within the UN system, focusing especially on the evolving role of the Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General. It sketches the ... More

The International Criminal Court  

Jason Ralph

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The responsibility to protect and the International Criminal Court share a recent history and a similar normative structure. The responsibilities to protect and prosecute reside first and ... More

International Law and International Justice  

Hilary Charlesworth

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter investigates the relationship between the concepts of international justice and international law. It suggests that the idea of an international rule of law is constructed on ... More

International Law and International Political Theory  

Gerry Simpson

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter probes the way in which description, prescription, and critique form a congeries of approaches that together, in turn, produce an intellectual field that might be described as ... More

Kenya  

Serena Sharma

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
On 28 February 2008, Mwai Kibaki and Raila Odinga signed the Kenyan National Dialogue and Reconciliation Act and the Principles of Partnership establishing a coalition government. These ... More

Latin America  

Mónica Serrano

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter explores why Latin American countries have endorsed, or objected to, the principle of the responsibility to protect. Through an exploration of the various positions held by ... More

Libya  

Simon Adams

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
In March 2011, for the first time in its history, the responsibility to protect (R2P) principle was invoked by the UN Security Council while imposing coercive military measures against a ... More

Mali  

John Karlsrud

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter examines the crisis in Mali in 2012 with regard to the principle of responsibility to protect (R2P). The chapter discusses all three pillars of R2P, but in particular the ... More

Myanmar  

Jürgen Haacke

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Myanmar has been linked to alleged past and potential future mass atrocities by international non-governmental organizations and, at times, the UN Special Rapporteurs on Human Rights. To ... More

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