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Aaron Wildavsky, The Politics of the Budgetary Process  

Joachim Wehner

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This chapter comments on Aaron Wildavsky’s seminal work, The Politics of the Budgetary Process, an in-depth look at the norms and rules of budgeting in the United States and the stable ... More

Accountability and Ambiguity  

Johan P. Olsen

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Ambiguity is intrinsic to life. Yet, mainstream accountability theory reduces its area of application by not taking ambiguity seriously. The literature treats too many aspects as exogenous ... More

Accountability and Blame–Avoidance  

Christopher Hood

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter advances three claims. First, it argues that the concepts of accountability and blame-avoidance have much in common and can be understood as mirror-image concepts for the ... More

Accountability and Multi-Level Governance  

Yannis Papadopoulos

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter first presents the major characteristics of multi-level governance and gives examples thereof from the European and the transnational level. It then identifies a number of ... More

Accountability and New Public Management  

Per Lægreid

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter links the rise of public accountability to the wave of New Public Management (NPM) reforms. It argues that the relationship between increased managerial accountability and ... More

Accountability and Principal–Agent Theory  

Sean Gailmard

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Principal-agent theory encapsulates a tradition of rational choice modeling in which some actor(s)—the principal(s)—uses whatever actions are available to provide incentives for some other ... More

Accountability Deficits  

Richard Mulgan

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
The notion of an accountability deficit is particularly associated with the absence of political control by democratically elected political representatives (where it is linked with a ... More

Accountability in Public Administration  

B. Guy Peters

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Reconciling the permanence and expertise of the public bureaucracy with political control is a persistent problem in democracies. Accountability is an increasingly complex and difficult ... More

Accountable Civil Servants  

John Uhr

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter examines international debates over civil service accountability. It begins with early twentieth-century theories of state forms of politically neutral public accountability ... More

Accountable Networks  

Erik-Hans Klijn and Joop F.M. Koppenjan

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
If public policies and services are decided upon and delivered in networks comprised of various parties from within and outside government, accountability often is seen as problematic. ... More

Accountable Public Services  

Barbara S. Romzek

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter reviews accountability issues that arise in service delivery, including traditional direct delivery as well as delivery through contracts, partnerships, intergovernmental ... More

Accounting and Auditing  

Christie Hayne and Steven E. Salterio

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter outlines the sources of public accountability in financial accounting practices and how public accounting (i.e., auditing) attempts to ensure financial accounts are ... More

Administrative Reform  

Göran Sundström

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Jun 2016
This chapter contains an analysis of Swedish administrative reform from the mid-1970s until today. It shows that Sweden has embraced most New Public Management ideas. Regarding management ... More

Advancing Justice and Making Amends Through Reparations: Legal and Operational Considerations  

Kristin Kalla

Print publication date:
Feb 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter describes the development of reparations in international humanitarian and international criminal law. It then highlights the tension between judicial reparations and the ... More

Bureaucratic Representation and Responsiveness  

Kenneth J. Meier and Erin K. Melton

Online publication date:
Dec 2014
The theory of representative bureaucracy considers how the sharing of demographic characteristics between public administrators and service populations translates into improved service ... More

Charles E. Lindblom, “The Science of Muddling Through”  

Andrea Migone and Michael Howlett

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This chapter discusses “The Science of Muddling Through”, a 1959 paper by Charles E. Lindblom that has influenced several generations of thinking about public policy decision-making in ... More

The Comparative Politics of Service Delivery in Developing Countries  

Evan S. Lieberman

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This article focuses on the comparative politics of service delivery in developing countries from 1990 to mid-2011. It first reviews the theoretical arguments and empirical evidence ... More

Complementarity and Convergence?: Women, Peace and Security and Counterterrorism  

Naureen Chowdhury Fink and Alison Davidian

Print publication date:
Feb 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter analyses the gender dimension of terrorism and counterterrorism efforts. It explores women’s roles as both supporters and preventers of terrorism. It tracks the increasing ... More

A Contingency Theory of Accountability  

Jane Mansbridge

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Accountability has recently become synonymous with punishment, or sanctions, thus marginalizing the traditional definition of accountability as giving an account and justifying one’s ... More

Dimensions of Variation in Electoral Systems  

Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell

Print publication date:
Apr 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Electoral systems matter. They are a crucial link in the chain connecting the preferences of citizens to the policy choices made by governments. They are chosen by political actors and, ... More

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