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Brazil’s Import-Substitution Industrialization  

Werner Baer

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This chapter examines the development of Brazil’s inward-oriented industrialization strategy, commonly termed “import-substitution industrialization” (ISI). Originating in the 1930s under ... More

Clusters, Communities, and Competitiveness: An Emerging Model from America’s Midwest  

David Lawther Johnson

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
For regions seeking to advance economic competitiveness, building appropriate clusters of concentrated economic activity remains an effective strategy, even as traditional ... More

Enabling Entrepreneurial Ecosystems  

Philip E. Auerswald

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
Governments and nongovernmental grant-making organizations seeking to advance local competitiveness have turned increasingly to entrepreneurship-focused interventions. Based on initial ... More

Evolution and Sectoral Competitiveness of the Brazilian Manufacturing Industry  

Paulo César Morceiro

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Production and employment in the Brazilian manufacturing industry grew significantly in the decade from 2004 to 2013, but the technological intensity of production activities declined. ... More

The Grand Challenge Model of R & D  

Christopher S. Hayter

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
Regions worldwide increasingly confront large-scale grand challenges: complex, transnational problems like climate change, vaccine development, and water security. While society typically ... More

Innovation Brokers  

Doug Henton and Jessie Oettinger

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
Local economic development has changed in fundamental ways as innovation has become critical to competitiveness in the global economy. As regional economies look to develop global ... More

Local Policies for High-Growth Firms  

Erik Stam and Niels Bosma

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
This chapter identifies types of local policies that are conducive to generating high-growth firms. It discusses the transitions on the person level that precede the realization of a ... More

Manufacturing, Services, and the Productivity Gap  

Jorge Arbache

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This chapter examines a little explored and yet important aspect of the poor productivity in Brazil: the performance of the service sector. It shows evidence that the meager long-term ... More

Philanthropy, Competition, and Local Competitiveness: A Schumpeterian Conundrum  

Zoltan J. Acs

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
This chapter recasts Schumpeter’s famous thesis on capitalism, socialism, and democracy in a new light by replacing socialism with philanthropy. While both socialism and philanthropy ... More

Smart Specialization and European Regional Development Policy  

Philip McCann, Raquel Ortega-Argiles, and Dominique Foray

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
In recent reforms to the European Union regional and urban development policy, known as Cohesion Policy, the creating and sustaining local competitiveness is such a priority that the ... More

Something New: Where Do New Industries Come From?  

Maryann Feldmann and Sam M. Tavassoli

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
Emerging industries have great potential for both entrepreneurship and regional transformation. The emergent earliest stage of the industry lifecycle is when there is the greatest ... More

Technology Adoption and Land Use  

David Zilberman, Madhu Khanna, Scott Kaplan, and Eunice Kim

Print publication date:
Jul 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Agriculture has benefited from new technologies such as crops for new biofuels and modern irrigation systems. Adoption of these new technologies has had a profound impact on land use and ... More

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