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Africa’s Urbanization: Challenges and Opportunities  

M. Freire, S. Lall, and D. Leipziger

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2015
This chapter examines Africa’s urbanization and the challenges and opportunities it presents, with emphasis on what it will take to make African cities efficient, sustainable, and ... More

Agricultural Markets in Ethiopia  

Bart Minten PhD, Thomas Reardon, and Seneshaw Tamru

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Ethiopia’s agricultural markets are quickly evolving, driven by major contextual changes including high population growth, rapid urbanization, major infrastructure investments, income ... More

Agriculture’s Changing Role in Ethiopia’s Economic Transformation  

Stefan Dercon and Douglas Gollin

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
This chapter discusses the role agriculture has played in growth and economic transformation in Ethiopia since the 1990s. Ethiopia’s dominant development strategy narrative since the 1990s ... More

Anti-Poverty Transfers and Poverty Reduction  

Armando Barrientos

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This chapter examines the role that public policy initiatives—specifically anti-poverty transfers—have played in the reduction of poverty and inequality in Brazil. A number of anti-poverty ... More

Assessing Poverty Trends in Ethiopia, 1990–2015  

John Sender

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Rural Ethiopians who lack access to a few basic (non-food) wage goods are defined as ‘most deprived’. Like many other extremely vulnerable Africans, they derive little benefit from donor ... More

Brazil’s Agricultural Modernization and Embrapa  

Geraldo B. Martha Jr. and Eliseu Alves

Brazilian agriculture reinvented itself by targeting a science-based approach. Embrapa, the research arm of the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, is recognized as key in this process. A ... More

The Brazilian Development Bank  

Luiz Ricardo Cavalcante

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This chapter discusses the role played by the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES) based upon a survey of its costs and benefits reported in the literature. It provides some theoretical ... More

Building an Industrial Workforce in Ethiopia  

Carlos Oya PhD

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
This chapter provides an overview of the factors and dynamics involved in the creation and formation of an industrial workforce in an agrarian-based economy. The main argument is that the ... More

Changes in Child Under-Nutrition in Ethiopia, 2000–16  

Jenna Golan, Derek Headey PhD, Kalle Hirvonen, and John Hoddinott

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
In the 1980s and 1990s Ethiopia was synonymous with famine and had one of the highest rates of chronic child under-nutrition in the world. From around the turn of the millennium, however, ... More

The Concept of a ‘Developmental State’ in Ethiopia  

Ha-Joon Chang and Jostein Hauge

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Ethiopia’s rapid economic growth over the past decade, state intervention in the economy, and focus on industrialization are prompting characterizations of Ethiopia as a developmental ... More

Constraints on the Ethiopian Floriculture Industry  

Ayelech T. Melese

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The abilities of domestic firms to expand their business into high-productivity sectors and the effects of employment in productive industries are regarded as a challenge to Ethiopia’s ... More

The Development of Brazilian Education: A Tale of Lost Opportunities?  

Claudio de Moura Castro

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This chapter examines the evolution of education in Brazil over the long term. It is established that historical circumstances allied to successive policy failures help account for ... More

Economic Policy and Food Security in Ethiopia  

Deborah Johnston PhD and Helen Walls

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Ethiopia has an integrated approach to addressing nutrition. However, greater clarity is needed on the wider impact of policy on food and nutrition. We focus on the interrelationship ... More

Economic Policy and Structural Transformation in Ethiopia  

Mekonnen Manyazewal and Admasu Shiferaw PhD

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Ethiopia has advanced from the strong economic recovery of the 1990s to rapid growth since the early 2000s. The underlying economic structure exhibits only modest changes as ... More

Education and Economic Development in Ethiopia, 1991–2017  

Zinabu Samaro Rekiso

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
This chapter critically examines the major achievements and challenges of the education sector in Ethiopia between 1991 and 2017 from the perspective of long-term economic development and ... More

Entrepreneurship and Sustainable Development: The Relevance of Shaping Intertemporal Local Intangible Conditions  

Inaki Pena-Legazkue, Maribel Guerrero, and José L. Gonzalez-Pernía

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
There is an ongoing debate in the literature about the complex linkage between entrepreneurship and economic development. The relationship seems to be ambiguous, complex, and in most ... More

Ethiopia’s ‘Economic Diplomacy’ and Regional Integration  

Fantu Cheru and Zinabu Samaro Rekiso

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Sixteen years ago the government of Ethiopia adopted the 2002 Foreign Affairs and National Security Policy, which emphasized ‘economic diplomacy’ as the cornerstone of its foreign policy. ... More

Ethiopia’s Changing Demography  

Assefa Hailemariam PhD

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa. Although it is the fastest-growing economy in Africa, it is also one of the poorest and least urbanized. Recently, the country has ... More

Ethiopia’s Constitutional Framework and Legal Institutions for Development  

Belachew Mekuria Fikre PhD and Menberetsehai Tadesse PhD

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Though one of the key organizing principles that underpin the current constitution is the creation of a single economic community, the country’s long history of legal transplantation does ... More

Ethiopia’s Transition from a Traditional to a Developing Economy, 1890s–1960s  

Bekele Shiferaw

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
At the end of the nineteenth century, Ethiopia had a traditional economy dependent on ox-plough agriculture and crafts. Goods and services were exchanged through the barter system. This ... More

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