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Accomplishing State Budget Policy and Process Reforms  

Iris J. Lav

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article tackles the issue of comprehensive state budget reform. With structural deficits rampant, reform is needed to maintain the current level of programs that states and localities ... More

Achieving Fiscal Sustainability for State and Local Governments  

Robert B. Ward

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Over the last decade, observers of state and local finances have been alarmed over an emerging picture of long-term, structural imbalances. This article examines the concept of fiscal ... More

Adam Smith on Empire and International Relations  

Edwin Van De Haar

Print publication date:
May 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2013
International affairs were a main concern for Smith, yet his views on this topic are largely overlooked or misinterpreted. As a result, the academic literature still contains many erroneous ... More

Administration of Trade Policy  

Alfred E. Eckes

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article deals with the administration of trade policy. It examines the individuals, ideas, and institutions that shape the trade regulation process. It focuses on the rules-based ... More

Africa’s Evolving Economic Policy Frameworks  

Célestin Monga and Justin Yifu Lin

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Jan 2015
This introductory chapter of the second volume of the Handbook discusses Africa’s changing economic policy and institutional frameworks, and presents the ways forward. It starts with a ... More

Aggregation of Information by Binary Voting Rules  

Shmuel Nitzan and Jacob Paroush

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
A group of individuals faces the choice of an alternative out of a set of alternatives. Each member of the group holds an opinion regarding the most suitable (best) alternative for which ... More

Agri-Environmental Policies: A Comparison of US and EU Experiences  

Roger Claassen, Joseph Cooper, Cristina Salvioni, and Marcella Veronesi

Print publication date:
Jul 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Although agri-environmental programs have a long history in the United States and the European Union, such programs began to play a larger role in federal farm policies in the 1980s, in ... More

Agriculture  

Tim Josling

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article attempts to provide in a succinct way a road map for those wandering into the territory of agricultural policy and trade. It begins with a brief discussion of the linkages ... More

Algorithmic Governance by Online Intermediaries  

Niva Elkin-Koren and Maayan Perel

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
In recent years, there is a growing use of algorithmic law enforcement by online intermediaries. Algorithmic enforcement by private intermediaries is located at the interface between ... More

Altruism and Political Participation  

Richard Jankowski

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Democratic government requires the participation of its citizens, but Downs shows that it is not in the self-interest of individuals to vote, or acquire political information. This chapter ... More

Ancient Greece: Democracy and Autocracy  

Robert K. Fleck and F. Andrew Hanssen

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Although ancient Greece has long fascinated scholars, only recently have public-choice models and social science methods been applied in an effort to understand the unique political ... More

Antipoverty Programs for Poor Children and Families  

Janet Currie

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This article reviews research on the effects of programs that attempt to remediate the effects of poverty on children. It suggests that cash-benefit programs are unlikely to ever do enough to ... More

Antitrust and Competition Policy in Brazil  

Eduardo Pontual Ribeiro, Camila Pires-Alves, and Luis Carlos D. Prado

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This chapter presents and analyzes Brazil’s competition policy on merger control and the abuse of market power. Its role as an important Brazilian public policy derives from a combination ... More

Are There Really Dictatorships?: The Selectorate and Authoritarian Governance  

Alejandro Quiroz Flores

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Selectorate theory explains variation in political leaders’ tenure in office. More specifically, it explains why leaders who produce “good” policies stay in office for short periods of ... More

Are There Types of Dictatorship?  

Ronald Wintrobe

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The idea of different kinds of dictatorships can be traced back to Aristotle. In contemporary thinking, three classifications are common: tinpot vs. totalitarian, ... More

ASEAN Economic Integration: Driven by Markets, Bureaucrats, or Both?  

Hal Hill and Jayant Menon

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article aims to provide a stand-alone introduction to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) economies, and traces ASEAN's evolution with a focus on its programs of ... More

Aspects of Bureaucratic Corruption  

Gautam Bose

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article attempts to identify treatments of corruption that draw on characteristics of underdevelopment either as causes or as consequences. There is a very small amount of literature ... More

Assessing State-Level Science and Technology Policies: North Carolina’s Experience with SBIR State Matching Grants  

John Hardin, Lukas Brun, and Lauren Lanahan

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
State government R&D expenditures play a critical role in supporting innovation in the United States. This chapter discusses the growing role of US state governments in supporting R&D ... More

An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Antipoverty Programs in the United States  

Yonatan Ben-Shalom, Robert Moffitt, and John Karl Scholz

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This article examines the impact of antipoverty programs on income poverty in the United States. Data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation shows that trends in per capita expenditures ... More

Australian Commercial Policies  

Peter Lloyd

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reviews commercial policies in Australia, examining both long-term trends and recent developments. Australia is fortunate in having time series that are long and of excellent ... More

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