Wesley G. Skogan
This article takes a look at the roles disorder plays in relation to crime; one of these is its ability to cause other forms of crime. It lists the various definitions of disorder, and looks at the ways that disorder is measured and studied. The latter half of the article outlines current knowledge about the role of disorder as a tool of neighborhood destabilization and decline.
Aaron Chalfin and Steven Raphael
This article reviews the connections between work and crime. Section I discusses a simple microeconomic model of criminal participation, which models criminal participation in terms of the traditional time-use allocation model that forms the bedrock of the economic analysis of labor supply. To assess the extent to which the model is supported by existing empirical research, Section II reviews three bodies of literature: research by economists on the relationship between incentives and participation in crime measured at the individual level, experimental evaluations of labor market interventions targeted at former prison inmates, and research analyzing the aggregate relationship between crime and measures of macroeconomic conditions. Section III analyzes the effects of past criminal activity on future employment prospects operating through the effects of having served time, while Section IV offers some conclusions.