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Behavioral Genetics, Genomics, Intelligence, and Mental Retardation  

Grace Iarocci and Stephen A. Petrill

Print publication date:
Aug 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter provides an overview of the current evidence on the behavioral genetic etiology of mental retardation. It begins with a history of the two-group approach and the need to ... More

Brain-based Methods in the Study of Developmental Disabilities: Examples from Event-related Potentials and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Research  

Alexandra P.F. Key and Tricia A. Thornton-Wells

Print publication date:
Aug 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Numerous technologies are available for studying the brain basis of developmental disabilities, each of which has its advantages and disadvantages. These include electroencephalography ... More

Developing Attention and Self-Regulation in Childhood  

Michael I. Posner, Mary K. Rothbart, and M. Rosario Rueda

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
This chapter views attention as an organ system consisting of three brain networks with their own unique anatomy, connectivity, neuromodulators, and functions. These networks underlie the ... More

Dyadic Interaction Between Mothers and Children with Down Syndrome or Williams Syndrome: Empirical Evidence and Emerging Agendas  

Penny Hauser-Cram, Angela N. Howell-Moneta, and Jessica Mercer Young

Print publication date:
Aug 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter highlights the theoretical foundations that have guided research on mother—child interaction. It discusses the physical and behavioral characteristics of children with Down ... More

Emergence of Higher Cognitive Functions: Reorganization of Large-Scale Brain Networks During Childhood And Adolescence  

Pedro M. Paz-Alonso, Silvia A. Bunge, and Simona Ghetti

In the present chapter, we first provide an overview of neurodevelopmental changes in brain structure and function, which have implications for the development of higher cognitive ... More

Epigenetics and Social Behavior  

James P. Morris and Jessica J. Connelly

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Every cell within a given organism contains the same DNA blueprint; in the case of humans, this means that the same DNA code can give rise to hundreds of different cell types with very ... More

Health, Development, and the Culture-Ready Brain  

Charles Whitehead

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
This chapter aims to contribute to an improved understanding of the social brain and the rising tide of psychological health in children. It challenges certain misperceptions affecting ... More

Language Development in Childhood, Adolescence, and Young Adulthood in Persons with Down Syndrome  

Robin S. Chapman and Elizabeth Kay-Raining Bird

Print publication date:
Aug 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter summarizes the strengths and weaknesses of the emerging language profile in children, adolescents, and young adults with Down syndrome (DS). It reviews in detail studies of ... More

Language Development in Fragile X Syndrome: Syndrome-specific Features, Within-syndrome Variation, and Contributing Factors  

Leonard Abbeduto, Andrea McDuffie, Nancy C. Brady, and Sara T. Kover

Print publication date:
Aug 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter reviews what is known about the language problems of individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS). The chapter is organized into four major sections. The first section provides a ... More

Music and the Aging Brain  

Laura Ferreri, Aline Moussard, Emmanuel Bigand, and Barbara Tillmann

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
In a society that is getting considerably older, it becomes important to identify potential mechanisms promoting successful aging to prevent, limit, and rehabilitate cognitive and ... More

Prenatal Development and the Phylogeny and Ontogeny of Musical Behavior  

Richard Parncutt

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Most sensory systems (auditory, tactile, olfactory, gustatory, motor, vestibular, proprioceptive) begin to function long before birth. The fetus is also capable of basic cognition ... More

Rhythm, Meter, and Timing: The Heartbeat of Musical Development  

Laurel J. Trainor and Susan Marsh-Rollo

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Many biological processes have rhythmic organization, including the perception and production of music. Rhythms organize information that unfolds over time; they aid in parsing that ... More

The Role of Musical Development in Early Language Acquisition  

Anthony Brandt, L. Robert Slevc, and Molly Gebrian

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Language and music are readily distinguished by adults, but there is growing evidence that infants first experience speech as a special type of music. By listening to the phonemic ... More

Synesthesia in Infants and Very Young Children  

Daphne Maurer, Laura C. Gibson, and Ferrinne Spector

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter provides a review of the hypothesis that synesthetic-like perception is present in infants and toddlers. Infants and very young children exhibit evidence of functional ... More

Synesthesia in School-Aged Children  

Julia Simner and Edward Hubbard

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter looks at synaesthesia in school aged children from approximately 5-6 years onwards. We examine how synaesthesia develops from its earliest roots both behaviourally and ... More

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