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The Age of Suppression: From the Expulsions to the Restoration of the Society of Jesus (1759–1820)  

Niccolò Guasti

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
May 2018
Although the Society of Jesus was no stranger to local suppressions and banishments that had studded its history from the beginning, the Jesuit crises that broke out between the 1750s and ... More

Astronomy, Cosmology, and Jesuit Discipline, 1540–1758  

Luís Miguel Carolino

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Jesuit scholars took part in all the major scientific controversies in the field of astronomy and cosmology, and taught generations of philosophers in Europe. Jesuit missionaries ... More

Catholic Perspectives on Natural Theology  

Denis Edwards

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter discusses Catholic perspectives on natural theology. It begin with Michael Buckley's proposal that a particular approach to natural theology has contributed to modern atheism, which sets ... More

Catholic Sacramental Theology in the Baroque Age  

Trent Pomplun

Print publication date:
Dec 2016
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
This essay provides an account of the historical and thematic features of Catholic sacramental theology during the Baroque age. Its intent is primarily bibliographic, and hopes to ... More

Catholic Theology and Heidegger  

Peter Joseph Fritz

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Jun 2015
This essay considers Catholic responses to Heidegger under three headings: rejection, warm acceptance, and critical appropriation. Erich Przywara and Alasdair MacIntyre reject Heidegger; ... More

Catholic Theology in Africa  

Anthony Akinwale OP

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
This chapter introduces Catholic theology in Africa. The encounter between Africa and Christianity is divided into three periods. The first of these runs from the beginning of Christianity ... More

Catholics  

Kevin P. Spicer

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Catholic and Protestant churches were on-lookers and sometimes worse, as their responses to persecution included forms of inaction that spilled over into complicity. Beginning with an ... More

The CouncilS of Trent and Vatican I  

Christian D. Washburn

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter considers two important ecumenical councils of the Church in the modern era: Trent (1545–63) and Vatican I (1869–70). The chapter examines in detail the key teachings of each ... More

Creation and Salvation  

John McDade

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter offers an overview of Catholic teaching on the relationship between creation and salvation. It begins by affirming the centrality to Christian theology of a fully Trinitarian ... More

Elites and the Constitution of Jesuit Identity  

Patrick Goujon SJ

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
May 2018
The attitude of Jesuits toward elites sheds light on their relationship to society at large, considered as a relationship between an “interior” and an “exterior”: the “interior” projects ... More

Eschatology  

Paul O'Callaghan

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter considers the Christian doctrine of the end of all things and the character of our hope about that end. The chapter begins with an introduction to the ‘Parousia’, the coming ... More

The Eucharist: Real Presence and Real Absence  

Alexander R. Pruss

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article focuses on the question of whether the doctrine of the real presence of Christ's body and blood, and likewise the doctrine of the real absence of bread and wine, can be ... More

Financing Jesuit Missions  

Frederik Vermote

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter outlines the less studied finances of Jesuit overseas missions in the early modern period, drawing from incomplete sources for Portuguese Asia and more substantial primary ... More

The Historiography of the Society of Jesus  

Paul Shore

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The historical literature on the Jesuits appeared as soon as the Society was founded. A significant portion of this literature was written by Jesuits themselves. Anti-Jesuit writings ... More

The Holy Spirit  

Thomas Joseph White OP

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
This chapter explores the basic structure of Christian teaching about the Holy Spirit—pneumatology. The chapter considers, first, the biblical presentation of the Spirit and then explores ... More

Jesuit Accommodation, Dissimulation, Mental Reservation  

Stefania Tutino

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter analyzes the role that accommodation, dissimulation, equivocation, and mental reservation played in Jesuit spirituality, theology, and culture. These doctrines came to ... More

The Jesuit English Mission  

James E. Kelly

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
May 2018
This chapter concentrates on the English Jesuit Mission following its inception in 1580. It opens by examining Jesuit navigation of the issues surrounding religion and politics, arguing ... More

Jesuit Humanism and Indigenous-Language Philology in the Americas and Asia  

Stuart M. McManus

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
As part of their missionary projects in the Americas and Asia, the Society of Jesus undertook the systematic study of many native languages. In codifying and applying these languages, the ... More

Jesuit Mathematics  

Romano Gatto

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Despite its difficult gestation, the Jesuit mathematical schools, thanks to Christoph Clavius, gained great prestige in a short time. The Society of Jesus, therefore, provided a fertile ... More

Jesuit Organization and Legislation: Development and Implementation of a Normative Framework  

Markus Friedrich

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter analyzes the institutional structure of the Society of Jesus and the norms available to guide its members. It discusses its founding normative text, the Constitutions, and all ... More

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