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Apocalyptic Literature  

Christopher Rowland

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The term ‘apocalypse’ denotes a particular literary type found in the literature of ancient Judaism, characterized by claims to offer visions or other disclosures of divine mysteries ... More

Apologetics  

Mark Edwards

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In Greek forensic usage, an ‘apology’ (apologia) is a formal speech on behalf of the defendant. The first surviving works to bear this title professed to be records of the speech delivered ... More

Artistic Imagination and Religious Faith  

Gesa Elsbeth Thiessen

Print publication date:
Feb 2014
Online publication date:
Feb 2014
The central role of the imagination in theology and religion has often been neglected by theologians. The chapter considers how the imagination and, in particular, artistic imagination, ... More

The Bible and Ethics  

M. Daniel Carroll R. and Darrell L. Bock

Print publication date:
Dec 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
Christians have always believed that the Bible is the most important resource for thinking about the moral life of individual believers and their communities. Many different kinds of ... More

The Bible as Literature and Sacred Text  

Peter S. Hawkins

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Any consideration of the ‘Bible as Literature and Sacred Text’ must begin by recognizing the problematic nature of that deceptively simple conjunction, ‘and’. Although it may imply an easy ... More

Bishop Butler  

Lori Branch

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
One of the great ironies of the history of theological writing in England is that Bishop Joseph Butler (1692–1752) viewed his intellectual projects – scientific in spirit, clouded only by ... More

Body and Word  

Alison Jasper

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article uses the term ‘equivocation’ to describe the sense in which Christian incarnational theology appears to have provided a resource or way of thinking about the embodied human ... More

C. S. Lewis  

Cath Filmer-Davies

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Often referred to as the greatest Anglican apologist of modern times, C. S. Lewis is also regarded as a ‘popular’ theologian. His theology seems to be primarily encapsulated in his ... More

The Canonization of Scripture in the Context of Trinitarian Doctrine  

Khaled Anatolios

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article traces the history of the canonization of the Scripture in the context of Trinitarian doctrine. It presents a series of four vignettes illustrative of how early Christian ... More

The Christ of the Canonical Gospels and the Christs of the Apocryphal Gospels  

Simon J. Gathercole

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
It is common in current scholarship on the apocryphal Gospels to emphasize that their claims to represent the ‘real’ Jesus are just as valid as the claims of the New Testament Gospels: ... More

Christology and World Religions: A Systematic Perspective  

Gavin D'Costa

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
The chapter first outlines Christological developments in relation to Judaism, Islam, and Hinduism. It provides snapshots from these critical moments showing both the enrichment of ... More

Classical Rabbinic Literature  

Catherine Hezser

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Classical rabbinic literature comprises all those ancient Jewish literary compilations which transmit the traditions of tannaitic (70–200 ce) and amoraic (third-to fifth-century ce) rabbis ... More

The Construction of Evil and the Violence of Purification  

David Frankfurter

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter explores the construction of evil and the strategies of violence in purification. Prurient fascination and righteous revulsion both recreate and repel each other, developing ... More

Constructionism and Its Critics  

John Kloos

Print publication date:
Dec 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Since the 1970s, social scientists increasingly have cast human emotions in the arenas of culturally or linguistically constructed expression. A wide spectrum of theoretical terminology ... More

Contributions from Philosophy  

Cynthia Nielsen and Michael Barnes Norton

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
May 2015
Gender, like race, is a controversial and volatile topic. We encounter one another as embodied and thus gendered beings. But what precisely is gender? What does it mean to be feminine? ... More

Cranmer and the Collects  

Donald Gray

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In the days before universal literacy, linguistic style was most chiefly influenced by that which was heard being read aloud. The place where everyone was subject to this was in church at ... More

Death and the Afterlife  

Tina Pippin

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In English literature and theology, the varieties of fictions about the End follow certain patterns and scattered genealogies, yet the connections to political and social realities of the ... More

Desire and Love  

Ola Sigurdson

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Desire and love have always been important themes in Christianity, but there is no self-evident meaning for either of these concepts. This chapter examines some important contributions in ... More

The Development of the Trinity Doctrine in Byzantium (Ninth to Fifteenth Centuries)  

Karl Christian Felmy

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article explores the Byzantine theologies of the Trinity from the ninth through the fifteenth centuries. It discusses liturgical hymnody and art and analyzes the controversy over the ... More

Doubt and Belief in Literature  

Roger Lundin

Print publication date:
Feb 2014
Online publication date:
Feb 2014
The story of belief and doubt in modern literature begins with the emergence of open [CE1]unbelief at roughly the midpoint of the nineteenth century. For the first generation of ... More

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