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The Book of Enoch and the Qumran Scrolls  

James C. VanderKam

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
The work that is today called the Book of Enoch or 1 Enoch is actually a collection of ancient booklets written at different times by several authors, almost all of them composed in the ... More

1Corinthians  

Judith L. Kovacs

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
One of the earliest surviving Christian writings, Paul's First Letter to the Corinthians provides a fascinating picture of the life of one early Christian community and the challenges its ... More

The Early Chinese Endeavor to Interpret Early Chinese Religions  

K.E. Brashier

Early Chinese writers rose above particular descriptions of spirits and sacrifices to a meta-discourse about the nature of spirits and the meaning of sacrifices. That is, they themselves ... More

Jewish and Other Abrahamic Philosophic Arguments for Abrahamic Studies  

Peter Ochs

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
There are two kinds of academic enquiry. ‘Normal enquiry’ examines human behaviour in contexts of conventional language use. ‘Reparative enquiry’ identifies and offers responses to ... More

Kierkegaard and Modern European Literature  

Leonardo F. Lisi

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter examines the influence of Soren Kierkegaard on modern European literature. It suggests that Kierkegaard's contribution to the formation of a linguistic and aesthetic norm was represented ... More

The Literature of the Second Temple Period  

John J. Collins

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Strictly speaking, the Second Temple period extends from the construction of the temple at the end of the sixth century bce to its destruction by the Romans in 70 ce. Some scholars would ... More

Memory, Imagination, and the Interpretation of Scripture in the Middle Ages  

Mary Carruthers

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
In one of the most moving acts of his reign, when Charlemagne decided to collect a great library to build up the palace school of his court in Aachen, he did so first by bringing over from ... More

Narratives about the Apostles: Non-canonical Acts and Related Literature  

Richard Pervo

Print publication date:
Aug 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Following an introduction that seeks to locate stories about apostles within ancient (especially popular) narratives, the chapter presents analytic and critical summaries of three groups: ... More

The Narratives of Medieval Jewish History  

Joseph Dan

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
It is surprising to realize that no historian of Judaism wrote a history of the Middle Ages in Jewish history. Between 1923 and 1926 a Jewish historian, Shlomo Bernfeld, wrote a ... More

The Origins, Scope, and Spread of the Millenarian Idea  

Peter B. Clarke

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article looks at the origins, force and scope of millenarianism, sometimes referred to as millennialism or messianism, and offers some idea of how widespread the belief has become. ... More

Other Diaspora Jewish Literatures Since 1492  

Ilan Stavans

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Since their expulsion from the Iberian Peninsula in 1492, the dissemination of the Jews in Europe, northern Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and the Americas has resulted not only in the ... More

Paul and Reception History  

John Riches

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
This chapter considers currently held views about the history of Pauline interpretation with their strong critique of Lutheran readings of Paul and attempts to locate Lutheran readings ... More

Post‐Holocaust Jewish Interpretations of Job  

Isabel Wollaston

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
There is a long-standing Jewish tradition, both religious and secular, of responding to catastrophe in the present by recalling, and recasting, models and archetypes from the past, ... More

Rabbinic Literature in the Middle Ages 1000–1492  

Israel Ta-Shma

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article deals with rabbinic literature, considering what rabbis wrote in the context of performing their rabbinic functions: halachic literature in all its aspects — talmudic ... More

The Study of Hebrew Literature of the Middle Ages: Major Trends and Goals  

Tova Rosen and Eli Yassif

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article aims at a critical examination of modern research on medieval Hebrew literature. Here, the definition of ‘medieval Hebrew literature’ excludes writing in Jewish languages ... More

Texts about Jesus: Non-canonical Gospels and Related Literature  

Jörg Frey

Print publication date:
Aug 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
As a general overview, the article explores the whole range of non-canonical texts about Jesus. Starting with aspects of the scholarly and public interest in those texts, and questions of ... More

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