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The Acts of the Apostles, Narrative, and History  

Rubén René Dupertuis

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The Acts of the Apostles offers a kind of sequel to Gospel of Luke, telling the story of the spread of the Jesus movement through the activities of key leaders, beginning in Jerusalem, ... More

Adam and Eve  

Peter C. Bouteneff

Print publication date:
May 2019
Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Adam and Eve, who barely appear in the Bible after they are introduced in the book of Genesis, serve a short but important list of functions within early Christian writing. They represent ... More

Adam and the Making of Masculinity  

Eric Thurman

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The narrative(s) in Genesis 1–3 is a foundational text for Western discourse on gender and sexuality. To date, studies of biblical masculinities have virtually ignored the biblical first ... More

American Bible Bindings and Formats  

Seth Perry

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter offers an overview of the history and historiography of some of the nonverbal aspects of American Bibles, focusing on format, bindings, and paper. These features of Bibles ... More

The American Children’s Bible  

Russell W. Dalton

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Children’s Bibles have been among the most popular and influential types of religious publications in the United States, providing many Americans with their first formative experiences of ... More

Ancient Versions and Textual Transmission of the Old Testament  

Gerard J. Norton

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article first gives a schematic outline of the history of the Hebrew text in four stages. It then presents the elements that readers will meet in modern editions of that text. These ... More

Anglican Interpretations of Scripture: Can Scriptural Reasoning Provide a Way Forward?  

Kathy Grieb

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This chapter considers the future of Anglicanism especially in the light of the interpretation of Scripture. It considers a recent instance of impasse and suggests a possible way forward. ... More

Animating the Bible’s Animals  

Ken Stone

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
This chapter discusses the potential relevance of interdisciplinary animal studies for biblical interpretation. The story of Jacob and his family in Genesis 25–32 is examined from the ... More

Apocalyptic Literature  

Christopher Rowland

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The term ‘apocalypse’ denotes a particular literary type found in the literature of ancient Judaism, characterized by claims to offer visions or other disclosures of divine mysteries ... More

The Apocryphal Mary in Early Christian Art  

Robin M. Jensen

Print publication date:
Aug 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Early Christian visual representations of the Virgin Mary include episodes from the apocryphal Protevangelium of James and Pseudo-Matthew and constitute some of the earliest known artistic ... More

Apocryphal Texts about Other Characters in the Canonical Gospels  

Charlotte Touati and Claire Clivaz

Print publication date:
Aug 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
This chapter focuses on characters that may be considered to play secondary or minor roles in canonical gospels, but are often prominent figures in non-canonical texts: Mary the mother of ... More

Apologetics  

Mark Edwards

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In Greek forensic usage, an ‘apology’ (apologia) is a formal speech on behalf of the defendant. The first surviving works to bear this title professed to be records of the speech delivered ... More

Augustine  

James Wetzel

Print publication date:
Dec 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The dazzling display of emotional intelligence that gives the Confessions, Augustine's most famous work, its resonance for students of the inner life is evident, albeit in more muted hues, ... More

Augustine and Pelagius on the Epistle to the Romans  

Mark Edwards

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
Perhaps no scriptural passage has divided the church so bitterly, or so often, as the ninth article of the Epistle to the Romans. Predestinarian readings take two forms, one of which ... More

Authors, Books, and Readers in the Ancient World  

Alan Millard

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses authorship, books, and readers in Old Testament and New Testament times. In the Old Testament world, authorship is necessarily admitted in letters, and related to ... More

Becoming Israel in the Wilderness of Numbers  

Adriane Leveen

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2015
Numbers describes the building of an Israelite collective in the wilderness. A fledgling people struggle mightily to form themselves into a unity but are overcome by their own complaints, ... More

The Bible  

Gerald West

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
From the time of the Reformation, the Bible has always been among the primary sources for Anglicanism. Through a close study of biblical hermeneutics, this chapter reflects on how ... More

The Bible and American LGBT Interpretation  

Teresa J. Hornsby

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter gives an overview of the roots of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transsexual/transgendered (LGBT) interpretation in the United States. Much of this hermeneutic is tied to various ... More

The Bible and Art  

Kristin Schwain

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
An artwork picturing biblical subject matter is never a straightforward depiction of a scriptural text. It is a visual translation of it, shaped by available models of interpretation, the ... More

The Bible and Catholicism  

Donald Senior

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The role of the Bible in Roman Catholicism in the United States has been shaped both by the history and teaching of the universal Catholic Church and by the particular social and religious ... More

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