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Above and Below the Surface: Environment, Work, Death, and Upbringing in Sixteenth- to Seventeenth-century Sweden  

Anne Ingvarsson Sundström, Jan Mispelaere, and Ylva Bäckström

Published in print:
May 2018
Published Online:
Jun 2018
This chapter addresses children’s lives and living conditions during the early modern period in Sweden. A case study on the population at one of Sweden’s most important historical mines, ... More

Amber  

Morten Ramstad, Tony Axelsson, and Anders Strinnholm

Published in print:
Mar 2015
Published Online:
Dec 2013
During the transition to the fourth millennium, large quantities of amber start being distributed over the landscapes of northern and north-eastern Europe. By exploring the handling and ... More

Animals and animal husbandry  

Maaike Groot

Published Online:
Sep 2018
This chapter gives a short overview of animal husbandry in Iron Age Europe. In this largely agrarian society, people depended on animals for food, transport, and labour. Although animal ... More

Animals and Social Relations  

Arkadiusz Marciniak and Joshua Pollard

Published in print:
Mar 2015
Published Online:
Jul 2014
The onset of the Neolithic brought with it the establishment of new relations between people and animals, principally, through domestication, a shift to acquisition and control of ... More

Animals in Bronze Age Europe  

László Bartosiewicz

Published in print:
Jun 2013
Published Online:
Sep 2013
This article discusses the biological, economic, and cultural traits of animals in Bronze Age Europe, which are best compared in terms of resource mobility and reproduction rates. It first ... More

Archaeological and Epigraphic Evidence for Infancy in the Roman World  

Maureen Carroll

Published in print:
May 2018
Published Online:
Jun 2018
The Roman family has become a vibrant and challenging field of study, and the growing interest in children in Roman culture can be seen as a development within this trend. Nevertheless, ... More

The Archaeology of Early Italian Churches in Context, 313–569 CE  

Alexandra Chavarría Arnau

Published in print:
Feb 2019
Published Online:
Jan 2019
The archaeology of early Christian churches has made important advancements in recent decades in Italy thanks to a large number of new excavations and scientific meetings, as well as the ... More

Archaeology of Germania Inferior: Urbanization  

Norbert Hanel

Published Online:
May 2015
This chapter focuses on the archaeology of the first urban settlements of Roman type found in Germania Inferior. It first describes coloniae such as the Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium ... More

Archaeology of Germania Superior: Urban Settlements  

Klaus Kortüm

Published Online:
Jul 2015
This chapter begins with an overview of the preconditions encountered by the Romans in the area that was to become the province of Germania Superior, before discussing research on ... More

The Archaeology of Roman Germany: A Dutch Perspective  

Nico Roymans

Published Online:
Jun 2019
This chapter provides an overview of the book’s main themes. The book gives Anglophone readers a representative, well-grounded survey of the current status of the archaeology of Roman ... More

Art on the northern edge of the Mediterranean world  

Martin Guggisberg

Published Online:
Sep 2018
This chapter examines the relationship between art and society in Iron Age Europe, with a focus on Celtic art. It begins by asking what constituted ‘art’ in this context, what was its ... More

The Atlantic Mesolithic–Neolithic Transition  

Nick Thorpe

Published in print:
Mar 2015
Published Online:
Dec 2014
The Atlantic has long held a key position within the broader question of the Mesolithic–Neolithic transition in Europe. Archaeological evidence suggests significant variability between the ... More

The Balkan Neolithic and Chalcolithic  

John Chapman

Published in print:
Mar 2015
Published Online:
Apr 2014
Balkan Neolithic and Chalcolithic communities lived in a mosaic of settings, providing a suite of complementary resources but dominated by upland regions. Four non-evolutionary phases can ... More

The Bandkeramik Longhouses: A Material, Social, and Mental Metaphor for Small-Scale Sedentary Societies  

Anick Coudart

Published in print:
Mar 2015
Published Online:
Jan 2014
This chapter draws on the author’s archaeological and ethnographic fieldwork in Europe and New Guinea. It explores the role of houses among the first agriculturalists in Europe. The house ... More

Bell Beaker Pottery and Society  

Marc Vander Linden

Published in print:
Mar 2015
Published Online:
May 2014
This chapter presents old and recent research themes on the Bell Beaker Phenomenon. After an extended discussion of the geographical distribution of the Bell Beaker groups and of its ... More

Boys at Sea: An Osteological and Historical Analysis of Ships’ Boys in the Late Eighteenth- to Early Nineteenth-century British Royal Navy  

Ceridwen Boston

Published in print:
May 2018
Published Online:
Jun 2018
In the Age of Sail, boys were an integral part of sealife, comprising a significant proportion of the crews of both merchant and military vessels. In the latter, they performed both as ... More

Britain and Ireland in the Bronze Age: Farmers in the Landscape or Heroes on the High Seas?  

Benjamin W. Roberts

Published in print:
Jun 2013
Published Online:
Sep 2013
This article discusses the Bronze Age in Britain and Ireland, which lasted for at least seventeen centuries. It covers the ‘Chalcolithic’ period, which came before the swift and widespread ... More

Britain and Ireland, 100–700 CE  

David Petts

Published in print:
Feb 2019
Published Online:
Jan 2019
This chapter reviews the evidence for the archaeology of early Christianity in Britain and Ireland. Here, the church had its origins in the areas that lay within the Roman Empire in the ... More

Bronze Age Coppermining in Europe  

William O’Brien

Published in print:
Jun 2013
Published Online:
Sep 2013
This article takes a look at the mining of copper in Bronze Age Europe. It notes that the large number of copper mines which have been found in many parts of Europe signify that there was ... More

Bronze Age Fieldsand Land Division  

Robert Johnston

Published in print:
Jun 2013
Published Online:
Sep 2013
This article introduces the archaeology of field systems and land boundaries in Bronze Age Europe. It begins by offering an historical overview of research on ancient fields, which is ... More

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