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African American History and African American Theology  

Stephen C. Finley

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
The history of African Americans is important in the formation of, but presents a challenge to, black theology. African American history provided a lens through which to view the world and ... More

The Classical Origins of Natural Theology  

Stephen R. L. Clark

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter reviews classical accounts of natural theology. These include accounts by Hesiod of Boeotia in the late 8th century , Parmenides of Elea (early 5th century ), Empedocles of Acragas ( ... More

Duns Scotus on the Female Gender  

Marilyn McCord Adams

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
Scotus’ estimate of the female gender is shaped by his view that Mary is pre-eminent among merely human saints. Because Mary must be a real mother, he rejects the Aristotelian view that ... More

Early Modern Natural Theologies  

Scott Mandelbrote

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter discusses natural theology in the early modern period. It demonstrates that early modern natural theology was a contested arena, in which a number of different standpoints might be ... More

Ethical Theories among Medieval Jewish Philosophers  

Warren Zev Harvey

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter discusses the ethical views of medieval Jewish philosophers, showing that the varieties of Jewish philosophy in the medieval period defy easy categorization, let alone ... More

Kierkegaard and Modern European Literature  

Leonardo F. Lisi

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter examines the influence of Soren Kierkegaard on modern European literature. It suggests that Kierkegaard's contribution to the formation of a linguistic and aesthetic norm was represented ... More

Kierkegaard and Postmodernism  

Steven Shakespeare

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter examines Soren Kierkegaard's relation to postmodernism, evaluating whether he was a relativising postmodernist rather than the father of existentialism. It discuses Gilles Deleuze's ... More

Kierkegaard and Romanticism  

William McDonald

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter examines Soren Kierkegaard's views and reception of romanticism. It suggests that Kierkegaard was ambivalent toward romanticism and explains that while he criticized the concept of ... More

Kierkegaard and the History of Theology  

David R. Law

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter analyses Soren Kierkegaard's thought about the history of theology, discussing different notions of historical theology and evaluating how they apply to the way Kierkegaard engaged with ... More

Kierkegaard as Theologian: A History of Countervailing Interpretations  

Lee C. Barrett

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter examines the diverse and conflicting interpretation of Soren Kierkegaard as a theologian. It suggests that this variety of interpretation results in the suspicion that each particular ... More

Late Patristic Developments on the Trinity in the East  

Andrew Louth

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article examines Trinitarian theology in the fifth through the eighth centuries. It focuses on Cyril of Alexandria who served as a consolidator of Cappadocian doctrine, Dionysius the ... More

Luther on God and History  

Mark Thompson

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Twentieth-century studies highlighted Luther’s extensive use of historical argument and his doctrine of God’s presence in and guidance of history, even though he doubted human ability to ... More

Medieval Karaism  

Meira Polliack

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Karaism is best defined as a Jewish religious movement of a scripturalist and messianic nature, which crystallized in the second half of the ninth century in the areas of Persia-Iraq and ... More

Medieval Trinitarian Theology from the Late Thirteenth to the Fifteenth Centuries  

Russell L. Friedman

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article examines Trinitarian theology during the period from around 1250 until around 1500. It outlines some of the major positions and identifies their most important adherents. It ... More

Memory, Imagination, and the Interpretation of Scripture in the Middle Ages  

Mary Carruthers

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
In one of the most moving acts of his reign, when Charlemagne decided to collect a great library to build up the palace school of his court in Aachen, he did so first by bringing over from ... More

The Metaphysics of Modernity  

William Desmond

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter suggests that metaphysics in modernity has focused on the determinability of being, and with bringing being from a perplexing and equivocal indeterminacy towards more and more univocal ... More

Natural Theology in the Middle Ages  

Alexander W. Hall

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
The development of natural theology in the Middle Ages was driven by the rebirth experienced by Western Europe beginning in the 1000s owing to the emergence of stable monarchies and reconquest of the ... More

Nineteenth-Century Protestant Doctrines of the Trinity  

Samuel M. Powell

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article aims to illustrate the prominent features of Trinitarian theology in nineteenth-century Protestant thought, focusing on developments in Germany. It shows that Friedrich ... More

The Problem of History in African American Theology  

Lewis Gordon

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
This essay examines how the history of African Americans is understood and framed in terms of the development of their religious identities within the framework of the US nation-state. It ... More

Religion and Animals  

Aaron S. Gross

What do animals have to do with religion? This article answers this broad question with special attention to issues related to animal ethics and animal philosophy. Topics covered include ... More

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