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American Jewish History  

Hasia Diner

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
American Jewish history as a field of scholarly inquiry takes as its subject-matter the experience of Jews in the United States and places it within the context of both modern Jewish ... More

The Book of Enoch and the Qumran Scrolls  

James C. VanderKam

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
The work that is today called the Book of Enoch or 1 Enoch is actually a collection of ancient booklets written at different times by several authors, almost all of them composed in the ... More

Eastern European Jewry in the Modern Period: 1750–1939  

Michael Stanislawski

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article notes that the study of the modern history of East European Jews is not a field driven at present by deep conceptual or ideological divides or abiding scholarly or ... More

Esther and Hitler: A Second Triumphant Purim  

Jo Carruthers

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
The Book of Esther tells the tale of a prime minister, Haman, who, through various political machinations, attempts to annihilate the Jews of the ancient Persian empire. Esther, queen of ... More

Ethical Theories among Medieval Jewish Philosophers  

Warren Zev Harvey

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter discusses the ethical views of medieval Jewish philosophers, showing that the varieties of Jewish philosophy in the medieval period defy easy categorization, let alone ... More

European Jewry in the Early Modern Period: 1492–1750  

Elisheva Carlebach

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article describes conceptions of the early modern period in Jewish historiography, the Italian Renaissance, intellectual history, the Jews of Central Europe in the early modern ... More

Historiography on the Jews in the ‘Talmudic Period’ (70–640 ce)  

Seth Schwartz

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article presents a narrative history of the Jews between the destruction of the Second Temple (70 ce) and the Arab conquest of Palestine (c.640 ce). After the destruction, Palestine ... More

Jewish and Other Abrahamic Philosophic Arguments for Abrahamic Studies  

Peter Ochs

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
There are two kinds of academic enquiry. ‘Normal enquiry’ examines human behaviour in contexts of conventional language use. ‘Reparative enquiry’ identifies and offers responses to ... More

Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period  

Martin Goodman

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
For all Jews in this period, in both diaspora and homeland, the Jerusalem Temple was the central religious institution. The wide dispersal of Jews prevented many from regular participation ... More

Jews and Muslims in Christian Law and History  

John Tolan

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
How does Christianity explain the existence of the two rival Abrahamic faiths, Judaism and Islam? What place does it allow in Christian society for Jews and Muslims? The responses to these ... More

The Literature of the Second Temple Period  

John J. Collins

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Strictly speaking, the Second Temple period extends from the construction of the temple at the end of the sixth century bce to its destruction by the Romans in 70 ce. Some scholars would ... More

Marriage and Sexual Relations in the World of the Hebrew Bible  

Ken Stone

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
The Hebrew Bible is sometimes understood as the source of a ‘traditional’ Judaeo-Christian approach to marriage and sexual practice. A comprehensive examination reveals, however, that ... More

Medieval Karaism  

Meira Polliack

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Karaism is best defined as a Jewish religious movement of a scripturalist and messianic nature, which crystallized in the second half of the ninth century in the areas of Persia-Iraq and ... More

Memorials and Museums  

James E. Young

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
This article focuses on Holocaust memorial histories and debates in Germany, Poland, Israel, and the United States. Holocaust memorials and museums provide spaces and occasions that ... More

Mussar Ethics and Other Nineteenth-Century Jewish Ethical Theories  

Ira F. Stone

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
The nineteenth century witnessed the dramatic growth of Jewish thought and activity spurred by the increasing civic and intellectual freedoms that emancipation and the Enlightenment ... More

The Narratives of Medieval Jewish History  

Joseph Dan

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
It is surprising to realize that no historian of Judaism wrote a history of the Middle Ages in Jewish history. Between 1923 and 1926 a Jewish historian, Shlomo Bernfeld, wrote a ... More

Other Diaspora Jewish Literatures Since 1492  

Ilan Stavans

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Since their expulsion from the Iberian Peninsula in 1492, the dissemination of the Jews in Europe, northern Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and the Americas has resulted not only in the ... More

Post‐Holocaust Jewish Interpretations of Job  

Isabel Wollaston

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
There is a long-standing Jewish tradition, both religious and secular, of responding to catastrophe in the present by recalling, and recasting, models and archetypes from the past, ... More

Postmodern Jewish Ethical Theories  

Martin Kavka

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
Nearly concurrent with the rise of feminist criticisms in recent decades was the emergence of post-modernism that both endorsed particularity (as against the universality championed by ... More

Rabbinic Literature in the Middle Ages 1000–1492  

Israel Ta-Shma

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article deals with rabbinic literature, considering what rabbis wrote in the context of performing their rabbinic functions: halachic literature in all its aspects — talmudic ... More

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