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Abortion Revisited  

Don Marquis

Print publication date:
Feb 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The three major classical accounts of the morality of abortion are all subject to at least one major problem. Can we do better? This article aims to discuss three accounts that purport to ... More

The Aging Society and the Expansion of Senility: Biotechnological and Treatment Goals  

Stephen G. Post

Print publication date:
Feb 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Of the many topics worthy of discussion regarding older adults and bioethics, two seem to provide an especially pointed opportunity for reflection on our aging society. First, is aging ... More

Agriculture and Agricultural Biotechnology  

David Castle

Print publication date:
Jul 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article explores a number of issues in agriculture and agricultural biotechnology putting a special emphasis within the philosophy of biology which is a fruitful area of study. The ... More

Animal Experimentation  

Alastair Norcross

Print publication date:
Feb 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article takes the central issue concerning the ethics of animal experimentation to be the moral status of animals. Since most animal experimentation involves treating experimental ... More

Animal Experimentation in Biomedical Research  

Hugh LaFollette

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
May 2012
This article discusses the conditions under which it is permissible and advisable to use animals in biomedical experimentation. The “Common View” is that there are moral limits on what we ... More

Animal Mentality: Its Character, Extent, and Moral Significance  

Peter Carruthers

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
May 2012
This article continues the discussion of whether animals possess moral standing, which it considers to be the question of whether they are deserving of our sympathy and concern and whether ... More

Animal Pain and Welfare: Can Pain Sometimes Be Worse for Them than for Us?  

Sahar Akhtar

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
May 2012
This article probes the widely held view in philosophy and the biological sciences that the amount and ways in which a nonhuman animal can experience pain, by comparison to the human ... More

Animals and Ethics in the History of Modern Philosophy  

Aaron Garrett

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
May 2012
This article examines the history of early modern philosophy, principally in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It explains why early modern philosophers and jurists seldom ... More

Animals in Classical and Late Antique Philosophy  

Stephen R. L. Clark

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
May 2012
This article explores a large array of conceptions and theories in the ancient world, with an emphasis on what the ancients thought of both themselves and the other “animals.” The scope is ... More

Animals That Act for Moral Reasons  

Mark Rowlands

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
May 2012
This article argues that some animals are moral subjects in the sense that they can be, and sometimes are, motivated by moral considerations. It argues that there are no empirical or ... More

Animals, Fundamental Moral Standing, and Speciesism  

David Copp

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
May 2012
This article considers whether we have moral duties that are owed directly to animals, or whether all duties regarding animals are derivative from duties we have to human beings. It ... More

Are All Species Equal?  

David Schmidtz

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
May 2012
This article considers the defensibility of “species egalitarianism”—the position that all living things have equal moral standing and therefore all species command our respect. It ... More

Are Nonhuman Animals Persons?  

Michael Tooley

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
May 2012
This article considers the concept of persons as the central issue in moral status debates. It finds questions about whether members of one or more nonhuman species of animals are persons ... More

Autism and the Self  

R. Peter Hobson

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article examines the relationship between the conception of self and early childhood autism. It highlights the difficulties of autistic children in using personal pronouns which ... More

Autonomy  

Bruce Jennings

Print publication date:
Feb 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
No single concept has been more important in the contemporary development of bioethics, and the revival of medical ethics, than the concept of autonomy, and none better reflects both the ... More

Beyond Anthropomorphism: Attributing Psychological Properties to Animals  

Kristin Andrews

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
May 2012
This article discusses “anthropomorphism” in the sense of the attribution of uniquely human mental characteristics to nonhuman animals. One philosophical problem is to figure out how we ... More

Biobanking  

Louise Irving and John Harris

Print publication date:
Feb 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article looks at some of the chance discoveries and elegant ideas that were borne out through the availability of archived tissue samples. It then discusses some of the planned ... More

Bioethics and Bioterrorism  

Jonathan D. Moreno

Print publication date:
Feb 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The term ‘bioterrorism’ seems to have become a kind of shorthand for sowing terror through the use of other ‘unconventional’ weapons, especially chemical, nuclear, and radiological ... More

Biology and Ethics  

Philip Kitcher

Print publication date:
Jun 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article argues that the best biological explanation for the existence of altruistic behavior supports noncognitivism. In its view, evolutionary biology supports the idea that the ... More

The Capabilities Approach and Animal Entitlements  

Martha Nussbaum

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
May 2012
This article begins with a sketch of current knowledge about animal thinking. It inquires into what this knowledge suggests for ethics and for public policy. It finds that it challenges ... More

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