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Action  

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
Nov 2007
Published Online:
Sep 2009
What are actions? And how are actions to be explained? These two central questions of the philosophy of action call, respectively, for a theory of the nature of action and a theory of the ... More

Aristotle on Practical Reason  

Christopher C. W. Taylor

For Aristotle,phronēsis, the excellence of the practical intellect, is two-fold, consisting of a true conception of the end to be achieved by action and correct deliberation about the ... More

Conscience, Guilt, and Shame  

John Cottingham

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Apr 2013
This chapter begins by tracing the development of the notion of conscience in the Western philosophical tradition and then addresses questions regarding the supposed authority or ... More

Emotion and the Emotions  

Susan Sauvé Meyer and Adrienne M. Martin

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Apr 2013
The dominant consequentialist, Kantian, and contractualist theories by virtue ethicists such as G.E.M. Anscombe, Alisdair MacIntyre, Martha Nussbaum, and Michael Stocker have been ... More

Emotion, Motivation, and Action: The Case of Fear  

Christine Tappolet

Published in print:
Dec 2009
Published Online:
Jan 2010
This article starts with some general points about fear. After that, it spells out and discusses the thesis of motivational modularity. However, even though that thesis is plausible in ... More

An Ethics of Emotion?  

Jerome Neu

Published in print:
Dec 2009
Published Online:
Jan 2010
Emotions, Kant would apparently agree with Freud, are not in our control. Moral commands are restricted to what is in one's control. The moral will, which for Kant is the only ... More

Ethics: Introduction  

Michael Lacewing and Richard G.T. Gipps

Published in print:
Feb 2019
Published Online:
Nov 2018
This introduction provides an overview of the three chapters in this section, which explores central issues in ethics in the context of psychoanalysis, including the nature of virtue, the ... More

Evolution, Childhood, and the Moral Self  

Darcia F. Narvaez

Published in print:
Feb 2019
Published Online:
Nov 2018
What has gone wrong with humanity that it is the only species that is destroying its habitat and justifying it as good or inevitable? The quality of a child’s early nest, including ... More

Free Will  

Derk Pereboom

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Apr 2013
This chapter analyses the problem of free will and moral responsibility, to which the history of philosophy records three standard reactions. Compatibilists maintain that it is possible ... More

Happiness, Suffering, and Death  

Richard Kraut

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Apr 2013
This chapter first analyses pessimism about the human condition, arguing that it has both an evaluative and a psychological component. As an evaluative thesis, the chapter proposes a ... More

Hiding From Love: The Repressed Insight in Freud’s Account of Morality  

Joel Backström

Published in print:
Feb 2019
Published Online:
Nov 2018
Freud’s account of morality is distinctive, and right, in focusing on unconscious, emotionalized conflict, and specifically on the repression of love as the centre of moral life. However, ... More

Human Excellence and Psychic Health in Psychoanalysis  

Edward Harcourt

Published in print:
Feb 2019
Published Online:
Nov 2018
This chapter begins with a seeming rivalry between two answers to the question ‘what are the aims of psychoanalysis?’, which seem to situate psychoanalysis differently in relation to ... More

Humean Rationality  

Michael Smith

Published in print:
Feb 2004
Published Online:
Sep 2009
This article focuses on the relationship between reasons and rationality. It begins by explaining how Hume is led to his (grotesque) conclusion. The explanation lies in his view that the ... More

Intellectual and Other Nonstandard Emotions  

Michael Stocker

Published in print:
Dec 2009
Published Online:
Jan 2010
To help characterize various emotions and to set the stage for discussion of them, it may help to mention some contrasts used by philosophers and other theorists in their discussions of ... More

Introduction  

Daniel Star

Published in print:
Jun 2018
Published Online:
Jul 2018
The purpose and plan of the Handbook is described herein. Key concepts in the contemporary literature on reasons and normativity are introduced, and the forty-four chapters that make up ... More

Iris Murdoch on Love  

Niklas Forsberg

Published Online:
Apr 2017
It is quite clear that love plays an absolutely crucial role in Iris Murdoch’s philosophy. This chapter argues that Murdoch, in contrast to much contemporary philosophy, does not so much ... More

Is Love an Emotion?  

Arina Pismenny and Jesse Prinz

Published Online:
Apr 2017
What kind of mental phenomenon is romantic love? Many philosophers, psychologists, and ordinary folk treat it as an emotion. This chapter argues the category of emotion is inadequate to ... More

Love, Jealousy, and Compersion  

Ronald de Sousa

Published Online:
Jun 2017
Jealousy is widely regarded as a “negative emotion.” Recently, however, there have been attempts to rehabilitate it, either as biologically functional or even as a moral virtue. This ... More

Moral Psychology  

R. Jay Wallace

Published in print:
Nov 2007
Published Online:
Sep 2009
Moral psychology is the study of morality in its psychological dimensions. Its unity and interest as a subject derive from its connection to the larger subject of moral philosophy, ... More

Moral Psychology and Virtue  

Nancy Sherman

Published in print:
Jan 2013
Published Online:
Apr 2013
This chapter draws upon ancient sources to develop a cognitivist account of emotions and indicate the sense in which they are candidates for the attribution of moral responsibility. ... More

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