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Being at Home: Human Beings and Human Bodies  

Maximilian de Gaynesford

Print publication date:
Nov 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Being human and engaging in philosophy are interdependent if not identical. In one direction, to engage in philosophy is to think about what it is to be human. Kant bequeathed this view to ... More

Bodily Awareness and Self‐Consciousness  

José Luis Bermúdez

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article argues that bodily awareness is a basic form of self-consciousness through which perceiving agents are directly conscious of the bodily self. It clarifies the nature of bodily ... More

The Bodily Senses  

J. Brendan Ritchie and Peter Carruthers

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
This chapter focuses on three broad systems of bodily perception: interoception, the vestibular system, and proprioception. We argue that they constitute (collections of) sense modalities, ... More

Causation, Action, and Free Will  

Alfred R. Mele

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
Many issues at the heart of the philosophy of action and of philosophical work on free will are framed partly in terms of causation. The leading approach to understanding both the nature ... More

Death and Rational Emotion  

Kai Draper

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter, which examines the relation between rational emotion and death, considers the question of whether one's own death can merit self-interested emotional distress and ... More

Death and the Disintegration of Personality  

Fred Feldman

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter examines the disintegration of personality associated with death. It analyzes the Personality Argument for the Termination Thesis, which is based on the notion that death ... More

Death, Value, and Desire  

Christopher Belshaw

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter examines the connection between value and desire with regard to death. It argues that having categorical desires is a necessary condition for death to be bad for those who ... More

The Embodied Self  

Quassim Cassam

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article examines the concept of the so-called embodied self. It attempts to answer the metaphysical question about the relation between body and self, the phenomenological question ... More

Idealism  

Howard Robinson

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Arguments specifically for and against idealism are arguments about the nature of the physical world, not about the nature of mind. This creates a problem for a would-be author of an entry ... More

Libertarianism  

Carl Ginet

Print publication date:
Sep 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The term libertarianism is standardly used in philosophical discussions of free will to refer to a thesis composed of two parts: incompatibilism and indeterminism-in-the-right-places. ... More

The Makropulos Case RevisitedReflections on Immortality and Agency  

Connie Rosati

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter analyzes the issue of immortality in the opera “The Makropulos Case” and reviews Bernard Williams's essay inspired by the opera, which argues against immortality. It suggests ... More

Mental Causation  

Jaegwon Kim

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The problem of mental causation is essentially coeval with the mind–body problem. Descartes arguably invented the latter when, in Meditation 2, he asked ‘But what then am I?’ to which he ... More

Mental Causation  

Cei Maslen, Terry Horgan, and Helen Daly

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
Mental causation is held so dear because it seems essential in order for people to do anything (at least voluntarily). If one accepts Davidson's view that motivating reasons are causes, ... More

The Minimal Subject  

Galen Strawson

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article examines the metaphysics and phenomenology of the self or subject of experience. It suggests that the phenomenological description of the minimal subject requires no reference ... More

Nietzsche’s Illness  

Charles Huenemann

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines how Nietzsche’s illness bears on his philosophical ideas. It demonstrates that the long-standard explanation for Nietzsche’s dementia—syphilis—is almost certainly ... More

On What we are  

Sydney Shoemaker

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article evaluates whether personal identity should be sought only in the biological or embodied existence of the person or exclusively in psychological existence. It suggests that ... More

The Ontology of the Mental  

Howard Robinson

Print publication date:
Sep 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The simplest conception of the ontology of perception is that it consists of an event involving a subject, an object, and an asymmetric relation between them of perceptual consciousness: ... More

Other Minds  

Anita Avramides

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
It is a serious question both in philosophy and the history of ideas just how our conception of mind has evolved. There is something of a consensus that Descartes introduced a particular ... More

Personal Identity  

John Campbell

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article examines the problems concerning personal identity. It identifies two issues that are central to the question of personal identity: one concerns causality and the other ... More

Personal Identity and Metaphysics  

Tamar Szabó Gendler

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article tries to situate the recent discussions of personal identity in their historical context. It begins with a brief discussion of Locke's account of identity as such, turning ... More

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