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Arabic Intonation  

Dina El Zarka

Published Online:
Feb 2017
This overview of intonation in Arabic compares the intonational systems of selected Arabic dialects from Morocco in the West to Kuwait in the East. The formal comparison will mainly be ... More

Asymmetry in Case Marking: Nominal VS. Pronominal Systems  

Oliver A. Iggesen

Published in print:
Nov 2008
Published Online:
Sep 2012
Many languages with nominal case inflection apply the same distinctions of case forms evenly across their entire nominal lexicon. Hence, all conceivable subclasses of nominals must ... More

Case and the Typology of Transitivity  

Seppo Kittilä

Published in print:
Nov 2008
Published Online:
Sep 2012
Canonical transitive events involve a volitional and controlling agent and a thoroughly affected patient. Any deviation from this prototype may result in a change in the coding of the ... More

Case-Marking Typology  

Beatrice Primus

Published in print:
Nov 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2012
Case is a category of marking dependent noun phrases for the type of relationship they bear to their heads. The three phenomena that are clearly determined by case functions in many ... More

Categories and Prototypes  

Johan Van Der Auwera and Volker Gast

Published in print:
Nov 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article first addresses some historical remarks on the notion of the categories in philosophy and in linguistics. The differences between prototype theory and the classical model of ... More

Cognitive Linguistics and Linguistic Typology  

Johan Van Der Auwera and Jan Nuyts

Published in print:
Jun 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article examines the relations between cognitive linguistics and linguistic typology. First, it offers a “neutral” characterization of the field of linguistic typology, defined as a ... More

Comparative, Historical, and Typological Linguistics since the Eighteenth Century  

Kurt R. Jankowsky

Published in print:
Mar 2013
Published Online:
Jul 2013
Francis Bacon’s (1561–1626) demand for scientific language investigation, supplemented by Gottfried Leibniz’s (1646–1716) endorsement of natural scientific methodology, provided the ... More

Competing Motivations  

John Haiman

Published in print:
Nov 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article first addresses the drive for non-referential symmetry in Cambodian, and comparable decorative frills in other languages. The evidence within Cambodian favours the ‘whole ... More

Degrees of grammaticalization across languages  

Béatrice Lamiroy and Walter De Mulder

Published in print:
Oct 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article analyses the variation in degrees of grammaticalisation across languages. It proposes the hypothesis that an essential property of grammaticalisation also applies within a ... More

Distributional Typology: Statistical Inquiries into the Dynamics of Linguistic Diversity  

Balthasar Bickel

Published in print:
Feb 2015
Published Online:
Jul 2015
Over the past two decades, linguistic typology has been moving increasingly away from its original goal of classifying languages into ideal types that would be constrained by categorical ... More

The drift of English toward invariable word order from a typological and Germanic perspective  

John A. Hawkins

Published in print:
Nov 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
This article looks at Edward Sapir’s notion of ‘drift’ in the history of the English language and examines drifts from the perspective of John A. Hawkins’ Performance-Grammar ... More

Explaining Language Universals  

Edith A. Moravcsik

Published in print:
Nov 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article examines the roles of language universals; but first, a few words on what is meant by ‘language universal’ and by ‘explanation’ are given. It starts by addressing how language ... More

Formal Generative Typology  

Mark C. Baker

Published in print:
Feb 2015
Published Online:
Jul 2015
This chapter lays out an approach that combines a formal-generative perspective on language, including tolerance of abstract analyses, with a typological focus on comparing unrelated ... More

Grammatical Relations Typology  

Balthasar Bickel

Published in print:
Nov 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article outlines the typological variables that define or condition specific grammatical relations (GRs). It specifically discusses the relational roles and the referential properties ... More

Grammaticalization and linguistic typology  

Walter Bisang

Published in print:
Oct 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article considers grammaticalisation in relation to linguistic typology and presents topological studies of grammaticalisation. It addresses the question of how grammaticalisation is ... More

Implicational Hierarchies  

Greville G. Corbett

Published in print:
Nov 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article provides a discussion on implicational hierarchies. It presents the examples of typological hierarchies and considers in turn syntactic, morphosyntactic, and lexical ... More

Language Sampling  

Dik Bakker

Published in print:
Nov 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article explores the different sampling strategies and sample sizes. It also explains the types of bias that threaten the reliability of a language sample in the face of specific ... More

Language Universals and Linguistic Knowledge  

Sonia Cristofaro

Published in print:
Nov 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article describes the different stances on language universals. A number of arguments are offered supporting the view that typological universals as such should not be regarded as ... More

Lexical typology and typological changes in the English lexicon  

Alexander Haselow

Published in print:
Nov 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Whereas the typological change of the English language from syntheticity towards analyticity has been described almost exclusively for the inflectional domain, little attention has been ... More

Linguistic Typology  

Anders Holmberg

Published in print:
Dec 2016
Published Online:
Feb 2017
Linguistic typology is a research program that aims to describe and understand linguistic variation, distinguishing between properties which are shared across languages for historical ... More

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