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Advice in the Lawyer-Client Relationship  

Michael McGinniss

Published in print:
Jul 2018
Published Online:
May 2018
The lawyer-client relationship is constituted through communication, and the lawyer’s advising role is a foundational element. This chapter begins by reviewing the most significant ... More

Ambiguity And Vagueness In Legal Interpretation  

Ralf Poscher

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Few topics in the theory of language are as closely related to legal interpretation as the linguistic indeterminacy associated with ambiguity and vagueness. Significant portions of the ... More

Author Identification In The Forensic Setting  

Carole E. Chaski

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Author identification can play a role in the investigation of many different types of crimes, civil transactions, and security issues. Over the last fifteen years, author identification ... More

Bilingual Interpretation Rules As A Component Of Language Rights In Canada  

Michel Bastarache

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
In Canada, a few groups enjoy explicit constitutional recognition, including certain official language minorities and aboriginals. In light of the constitutional history of Canada, the ... More

The Caution in England and Wales  

Frances Rock

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
‘You do not have to say anything. But it may harm your defense if you do not mention when questioned something which you later rely on in Court. Anything you do say may be given in ... More

Challenges To The Legal Translator  

Susan Šarčević

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Focusing on the link between law, language, and culture, J. B. White notes that legal translation is a ‘necessarily imperfect process’. This article focuses on challenges to legal ... More

Constitutional Interpretation  

Robert W. Bennett

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Contemporary debates about constitutional interpretation in the United States seem fixated on what is called ‘originalism’, the view that, regardless of when some constitutional issue ... More

Contract Formation as a Speech Act  

Sanford Schane

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
According to conventional contract law, the formation of a valid agreement ordinarily involves an offer, an acceptance, and consideration. The former two elements typically take place ... More

Corpus Linguistics In Authorship Identification  

Krzysztof Kredens and Malcolm Coulthard

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Corpus linguistics is basically ‘an empirical approach to studying language, which uses observations of attested data in order to make generalisations about lexis, grammar, and semantics’, ... More

Courtroom Discourse in China  

Meizhen Liao

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
This article examines courtroom discourse in China in terms of its three components: the contextual, the interactional, and the propositional. After briefly introducing the Chinese legal ... More

Courtroom Discourse in Japan's New Judicial Order  

Mami Hiraike Okawara

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
The implementation of the saiban-in (lay judge) system in 2009 has opened the way, not only to lay participation, but also to some participation by linguists in Japanese courtrooms. This ... More

Courtroom Interpreting  

Ludmila Stern

Published in print:
Mar 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article describes the concept of courtroom interpretation. Legal interpreting is a branch of interpreting conducted when speakers of different languages have to communicate in legal ... More

Data retrieval in a diachronic context: The case of the historical English courtroom  

Dawn Archer

Published in print:
Nov 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
The sensitive use of historical courtroom data can elucidate the evolution of both (English) legal language specifically and also spoken language more generally. “Sensitive use” means ... More

Detecting Plagiarism  

David Woolls

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Plagiarism refers to the act of copying from a written or published source, fully or partially, without attribution to that source. The need to avoid it is written into the regulations for ... More

Discourse in the us Courtroom  

Gail Stygall

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Sometimes ordinary people just do not understand the meaning of the language that they hear in courtrooms. This is problematic because courts are places of great power: a person's liberty ... More

Exploring Chain Shifts, Mergers, and Near-Mergers as Changes in Progress  

Matthew J. Gordon

Published in print:
Nov 2015
Published Online:
Dec 2014
This chapter explores methodological and theoretical issues related to chain shifts and mergers, familiar concepts in historical phonology that have received renewed attention by ... More

Factors Affecting Lay Persons’ Identification Of Speakers  

A. Daniel Yarmey

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
A perpetrator speaking over the telephone or one whose face was obscured or disguised are examples of incidents that might lead to testimony on voice identification. Earwitness ... More

Fifty Years of Multilingual Interpretation in the European Union  

Cornelis J. W. Baaij

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Both the treaties of the European Union (EU) and the secondary legislation from EU institutions are currently issued in twenty-three different language versions. Discrepancies between ... More

First Language Acquisition and Phonological Change  

Paul Foulkes and Marilyn Vihman

Published in print:
Nov 2015
Published Online:
Dec 2013
This chapter presents new data from first language studies of acquisition, some of them sociolinguistically informed. We challenge various long-standing ideas about the role of first ... More

Forensic Speaker Comparison: A Linguistic–Acoustic Perspective  

Paul Foulkes and Peter French

Published in print:
Mar 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Two of the tasks undertaken in forensic voice and speech analysis are speaker profiling and speaker or voice comparison (or speaker/voice identification). The first task involves an ... More

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