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Amber  

Morten Ramstad, Tony Axelsson, and Anders Strinnholm

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
During the transition to the fourth millennium, large quantities of amber start being distributed over the landscapes of northern and north-eastern Europe. By exploring the handling and ... More

Animals and Social Relations  

Arkadiusz Marciniak and Joshua Pollard

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
The onset of the Neolithic brought with it the establishment of new relations between people and animals, principally, through domestication, a shift to acquisition and control of ... More

The Atlantic Mesolithic–Neolithic Transition  

Nick Thorpe

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2014
The Atlantic has long held a key position within the broader question of the Mesolithic–Neolithic transition in Europe. Archaeological evidence suggests significant variability between the ... More

The Bandkeramik Longhouses: A Material, Social, and Mental Metaphor for Small-Scale Sedentary Societies  

Anick Coudart

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
This chapter draws on the author’s archaeological and ethnographic fieldwork in Europe and New Guinea. It explores the role of houses among the first agriculturalists in Europe. The house ... More

The Carpathian and Danubian area  

Aurel Rustoiu

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
This chapter provides an overview of Iron Age societies in the eastern Carpathian basin and lower Danube region, from the Great Hungarian Plain to the Black Sea, drawing on funerary and ... More

Central European Enclosures  

Jörg Petrasch

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
The Neolithic enclosures of central Europe have been controversially discussed for decades. Generally a combination of ditches, banks and/or palisades, the sizes and potential uses of ... More

The Central Mediterranean and the Aegean  

Lin Foxhall

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
The early Iron Age in the Aegean has traditionally been perceived as a period of decline, in contrast to the splendour of the palatial societies of the later Bronze Age, and concomitantly ... More

The Continuity of Hunting and Gathering in the Neolithic and Beyond in Britain and Ireland  

Vicki Cummings and Oliver J. T. Harris

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
This paper considers the continuity of hunting and gathering practices at a time when people were involved in agricultural production (the Neolithic). The paper focuses primarily on the ... More

Cycladic Figurines  

Colin Renfrew

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The marble sculptures of the Cycladic early bronze age (c.3200–2000 bc) are reviewed, with the schematic and the more detailed Plastiras and Louros forms of the Grotta-Pelos culture and ... More

Demographic aspects of Iron Age societies  

Stefan Burmeister and Michael Gebühr

This chapter looks at the demography of European populations from the pre-Roman Iron Age to the Migration period, with a focus on central, northern, and north-western Europe. As well as ... More

Deposition in Pits  

Duncan Garrow

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter focuses on Neolithic pits in Britain. Having outlined the variable character of evidence across space and time, it looks at how these sometimes enigmatic features have been ... More

Domestic Space in the Mediterranean  

Demetra Papaconstantinou

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Sedentary life and the nucleated agglomeration of houses into villages are considered to be some of the most significant aspects of Neolithic culture. During the several millennia that the ... More

Early Neolithic Manifestations in Central and Eastern Europe  

Detlef Gronenborn and Pavel Dolukhanov†

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
The ‘Neolithic’ in central and eastern Europe is conceptionalized as a mid-Holocene broad transitional period during which a number of major changes occurred, namely sedentism, the ... More

The Eastern Baltic  

Valter Lang

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
This chapter examines Iron Age funerary and domestic archaeological sites, and economic and cultural developments from c.500 BC–AD 550/600, in the east Baltic region (present day Estonia, ... More

Eastern central Europe: Between the Elbe and the Dnieper  

Wojciech Nowakowski

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
This chapter examines Iron Age cultural developments and population movements in the zone centred on the Oder and Vistula basins. Throughout the period, demand for Baltic amber promoted ... More

Edges and interactions beyond Europe  

Peter S. Wells and Naoise Mac Sweeney

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Iron Age Europe, once studied as a relatively closed, coherent continent, is being seen increasingly as a dynamic part of the much larger, interconnected world. Interactions, direct and ... More

The European Upper Palaeolithic  

Paul Pettitt

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Today, five broad stages can be discerned over the 35 000 years of the European Upper Palaeolithic; the Initial, Early, Mid, Late and Terminal Upper Palaeolithic. Although it is unclear whether some ... More

Figurines of Malta  

Caroline Malone and Simon Stoddart

Print publication date:
Apr 2017
Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Figurative art developed in the Maltese islands during the Neolithic, as part of the Temple Culture that flourished c.3500–2500 bc. Anthropomorphic and zoomorphic figurines, carved from ... More

Fishing, wildfowling, and marine mammal exploitation in northern Scotland from prehistory to Early Modern times  

Dale Serjeantson

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Fishing, seabird fowling, and the exploitation of marine mammals persisted in settlements around the coast and islands of western and northern Scotland from prehistoric times until the ... More

Food, foodways, and subsistence  

Hansjörg Küster

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
In the first millennium BC, three major subsistence ‘belts’ can be distinguished in Europe: one around the Mediterranean, a second in temperate Europe, and the third in the north. Shifting ... More

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