This article focuses on community resource management (CRM) archaeology in California. It explores the question of what CRM archaeology is and how it emerged. While the academic archaeologist is generally concerned only with not violating the law – such as getting the right permits to do their research – the CRM archaeologist helps others comply. CRM archaeology is the process by which these legal requirements are met. It involves using traditional archaeological methods to identify and evaluate sites as well as understanding what a project proponent has to do in order to satisfy the law. Managing archaeological resources more often involves helping to preserve them in place than digging them up, and sometimes requires standing by and seeing them destroyed. Following this, the study describes how the field's antecedents have affected its structure and highlights the benefits it has brought.
Alice Beck Kehoe
Education is a Good Thing in bourgeois culture, the instrument of state hegemony. The contrast between ‘historical archaeology’, intended for a viewing public, and ‘prehistoric archaeology’ lies in the goal of answering questions about cultural evolution and aboriginal culture sequences. Discussions about ‘public education in archaeology’ easily overlook its beginning and continuing role in presentations of historical sites. Public education in archaeology is multifarious. Its formal beginning in America was the 1879 founding of the Archaeological Institute of America. The Society for American Archaeology and its sister, the Canadian Archaeological Association, remain the principal organizations for professional archaeologists in North America. Their primary responsibility is to their members' professional standing and employment, entailing encouraging the expansion of work opportunities for archaeologists.