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America’s Foreign Policy Traditions  

Henry R. Nau

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
There are four standard American foreign policy traditions, and they have existed since the beginning of the republic. The traditions include isolationists/nationalists like George ... More

Congressional War Powers  

Linda L. Fowler

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
Since World War II, the executive branch has dominated international affairs, while legislators have used their power occasionally and reactively. Lawmakers seem to have a diminished ... More

Diplomacy, the State Department, and National Security  

John A. Cloud and Damian Leader

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter explains the history and role of diplomacy in advancing U.S. interests. The State Department is discussed as the primary actor in American diplomacy. The rise of multilateral ... More

International Rivalry and National Security  

Jonathan M. DiCicco and Brandon Valeriano

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
International rivalries are discussed with an emphasis on their relevance to U.S. national security. Social-scientific research on these protracted, antagonistic, and often violent ... More

International Terrorism  

Pauline Moore

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter examines international terrorism, defined as the use or threatened use of violence by a nonstate actor to arouse fear in a population with the goal of achieving a political or ... More

New York State's “Foreign Policy”  

Kathryn Bryk Friedman

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This article investigates a unique aspect of New York State governance—its engagement in foreign policymaking. It also discusses some of the ways in which state officials collaborate and ... More

Presidents and International Cooperation  

Jon C. Pevehouse

Print publication date:
Aug 2009
Online publication date:
May 2010
This article starts by briefly outlining the state of the field of international relations and domestic politics and examines how this literature has developed over the years. It also ... More

Presidents, Domestic Politics, and the International Arena  

Douglas L. Kriner

Print publication date:
Aug 2009
Online publication date:
May 2010
Presidency scholarship on foreign policy has systematically minimized the importance of other domestic political actors in constraining presidential discretion in the international arena. ... More

U.S. Foreign Policymaking and National Security  

Shoon Murray and Jordan Tama

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter revisits the old paradox that the U.S. president is perhaps the most powerful person in the world and yet is constrained domestically by other political actors and a ... More

U.S. National Security in the Western Hemisphere  

Paul Ashby

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter contends that the Western Hemisphere is not only key to the development of U.S. national security but also remains of great importance today. Quite simply, U.S. national ... More

Ulysses, the Sirens, and Mexico's Judiciary: Increasing Precommitments to Strengthen the Rule of Law  

Todd A. Eisenstadt and Jennifer Yelle

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
This article reviews the work of enterprising scholars. It studies the 2006 postelectoral conflict, and then describes and analyzes Mexico's greatest success story in the creation of ... More

The United States and Iran: Challenges of Deterrence and Compellence  

Ray Takeyh

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Implementing deterrent and compellent strategies are among the most critical tasks of the national security decision maker. However, as the case of U.S.-Iranian relations since 1979 ... More

The US Media, Foreign Policy, and Public Support for War  

Sean Aday

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
This chapter focuses on the relationship between news media and US foreign policy, with an emphasis on war—a subset of the latter—given that this has been a growing area of concern in ... More

US–India Relations: The Struggle for an Enduring Partnership  

Ashley J. Tellis

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Throughout the Cold War, relations between the United States and India were defined by the two countries’ often mismatched worldviews, national priorities, and capabilities. These three ... More

US-Israeli Relationship  

Kenneth W. Stein

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The US-Israeli relationship is complicated, dynamic, multidimensional, and enduring. From initial American governmental opposition to the present, Washington has become Israel’s most ... More

War's Contributions to Presidential Power  

William G. Howell and Tana Johnson

Print publication date:
Aug 2009
Online publication date:
May 2010
This article traces the evolution of the argument regarding the contribution of war to presidential power, as well as its empirical record. It then provides critiques that are meant to ... More

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