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Causation  

Michael Rota

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
Aquinas used the term ‘agent’ referring to a created substance or to God. Aquinas's concept of substance explains that substances are set apart from accidents by the fact that substances ... More

Cosmology  

Domenico Bertoloni Meli

Print publication date:
Dec 2018
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This chapter focuses on Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s interest in cosmology in relation to some of his other concerns, including God’s role in the universe, the reunion of the churches, ... More

Eternity  

Chantal Jaquet

Print publication date:
Oct 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
Eternity is a property that substance and modes have in common. Spinoza posits in E5p23 that “the human mind cannot be absolutely destroyed with the body, but something of it remains which ... More

Hume and the Problem of Causation  

Helen Beebee

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
This chapter traces Hume’s search for the impression-source of the idea of necessary connection through Book 1 of the Treatise. It then sketches and evaluates the main interpretative ... More

The Logical Empiricists  

Michael Stöltzner

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
Causation was a central theme for the movement of Logical Empiricism (LE); during its classical European phase — the 1920s and 1930s — and beyond. It would not become one of LE's alleged ... More

Nietzsche’s Naturalism Reconsidered  

Brian Leiter

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article revisits the author’s influential account of Nietzche as a philosophical naturalist. It identifies the sources of Nietzsche’s position in the German naturalism of the ... More

Space and Time  

Emily Grosholz

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article describes the debate about space and time in the early modern period focusing on the exchange between Gottfried Leibniz and Isaac Newton. It provides a brief account of ... More

Space and Time  

Heinrich Schepers

Print publication date:
Dec 2018
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This chapter discusses Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s theory of space and time as an essential part of his metaphysics. More specifically, it considers Leibniz’s question: “What, then, is ... More

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