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Alteration and Persistence: Form and Matter in the Physics and De Generatione et Corruptione  

S. Marc Cohen

Published in print:
Aug 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Aristotle's Physics is a study of nature (phusis) and of natural objects (ta phusei). According to him, these objects—either all of them or at least some of them—are in motion. That is, ... More

The Ancient Greeks  

Sarah Broadie

Published in print:
Nov 2009
Published Online:
Jan 2010
There are various motives for refining the notion of cause. Aristotle's was an interest in providing the most informative and illuminating method of explaining the central natural ... More

Aristotle on the Infinite  

Ursula Coope

Published in print:
Aug 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
In Physics, Aristotle starts his positive account of the infinite by raising a problem: “[I]f one supposes it not to exist, many impossible things result, and equally if one supposes it to ... More

Aristotle's Categorial Scheme  

Paul Studtmann

Published in print:
Aug 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Aristotle's categorial scheme had an unparalleled effect not only on his own philosophical system, but also on the systems of many of the greatest philosophers in the Western tradition. ... More

Atomism's Eleatic Roots  

David Sedley

Published in print:
Oct 2008
Published Online:
Sep 2009
Presocratic atomism was one of the most influential of the early theories: both Plato and Aristotle thought of it as a major competing theory, and it was an important source for ... More

Being Qua Being  

Christopher Shields

Published in print:
Aug 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
According to Aristotle, there is a science (epistêmê) that studies being qua being, and the attributes belonging to it in its own right. This claim, which opens Metaphysics IV 1, is both ... More

Death in Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle  

Gareth B. Matthews

Published in print:
Dec 2012
Published Online:
Dec 2012
This chapter examines the views of death by ancient Greek philosophers including Aristotle, Socrates, and Plato. It suggests that Aristotle offered no cheerful optimism similar to Socrates ... More

Energeia and Dunamis  

Stephen Makin

Published in print:
Aug 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
Modalities enter into practically every area of contemporary philosophy. Great progress has been made in understanding the variety of differences between what is possible, what is actual, ... More

Leucippus's Atomism  

Daniel W. Graham

Published in print:
Oct 2008
Published Online:
Sep 2009
The founder of atomic theory, according to Aristotle and Theophrastus, is Leucippus. His very existence has been called into question. Three of the best minds of nineteenth-century ... More

Metaphysics and Logic of the Trinity  

Dale Tuggy

Recent work by analytic philosophers on the Trinity takes a mysterious 5th-century document as its starting point, accepting widespread but inaccurate narratives about the history of ... More

Ontological Dependence and Grounding in Aristotle  

Phil Corkum

Published Online:
Jun 2016
The relation of ontological dependence or grounding, expressed by the terminology of separation and priority in substance, plays a central role in Aristotle’sCategories, Metaphysics, De ... More

The Parmenides  

Sandra Peterson

Published in print:
Aug 2008
Published Online:
Sep 2009
Parmenides contrasts with Plato's other works in several ways. For example, Socrates is depicted as “very young perhaps fifteen or nineteen.” Parmenides questions Socrates, ... More

Plato's Metaphysics  

Verity Harte

Published in print:
Aug 2008
Published Online:
Sep 2009
This article focuses on the idea of metaphysics as described by Plato. Plato's writings are not themselves shaped in reflection of modern subdivisions of philosophical areas and the form ... More

Presocratic Cosmologies  

M. R. Wright

Published in print:
Oct 2008
Published Online:
Sep 2009
This article explores early Greeks' cosmological speculation, showing how they explored the possibility of a “theory of everything” and human understanding of the cosmos. In the exposition ... More

The Timaeus on the Principles of Cosmology  

Thomas K. Johansen

Published in print:
Aug 2008
Published Online:
Sep 2009
Understanding of principles forms the basis of mastering Greek Philosophy. This article focuses on the idea of Principled Knowledge. Plato, too, seems to hold that grasping a body of ... More

When Death Is There, We Are Not: Epicurus on Pleasure and Death  

Phillip Mitsis

Published in print:
Dec 2012
Published Online:
Dec 2012
This chapter analyzes the view of Greek philosopher Epicurus on the relation between death and pleasure. It explains Epicurus's views about death and their place in his overall ethical ... More

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