From the Archaeology of Childhood to Modern Children Visiting Archaeological Museums: An Italian Perspective
This chapter addresses three interconnected topics, beginning with a short overview of the archaeology of children and childhood in Italy, explaining how and why the Italian contribution to the topic has been very recent. The chapter then moves on to explore the relationship between modern children, Italian scholars of ancient history of art and archaeology, and museums; it notes that for a very long time Italian universities and museums have not been interested in developing didactic archaeology at all, especially when the spectators were children, whether of pre-school or older age. Finally, returning to children in the past, two noteworthy case studies of the presentation of ancient children at exhibitions are illustrated as an interesting point of convergence between current archaeological studies in Italy on childhood in the ancient world, and the newly generated need to communicate to the general public the result of research works.
This chapter addresses issues related to light–object interaction along with its resulting phenomena, taking into consideration materiality issues. It presents light and its role in artefacts studies, either as a tool for finds analysis or as a corrosion agent. It attempts a balanced investigation into past and contemporary approaches towards light from the conservator’s perspective. It discusses traditional raking and oblique light examination, along with its advanced digital analogue, Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI), which bridges the gap between digital photography and three-dimensional modelling. Applications of dome and/or Highlight RTI in a wide variety of material and artefact types, as well as in a wide range of conservation states, using macroscopic and microscopic means, indicate that the technique contributes considerably in prevention, investigation, examination and analysis, documentation, communication, dissemination, and presentation, as well as being a conservation monitoring tool.
Mark A. Hall
This contribution explores the biographical life stage of childhood in medieval Europe through the contemporary (now) representations of such childhood, particularly in the cinema and the museum. Aspects to be explored include defining childhood, nested identities, gender and social contexts, narrative inclinations and independence of action (e.g. through play, education and apprenticeship, and training for adulthood). A range of films will be considered for their powerful and vital depictions of a constructed and variously authentic notion of medieval childhood, in particular Andrei Roublev, The Seventh Seal, Anchoress, Navigator: A Medieval Odyssey, Marketa Lazarová, and Brave. The various strands of exploration will be drawn together in an assessment of the images being put forward to represent children both in archaeology and museums (including temporary exhibitions and permanent museums of childhood) and in cinema.