Albert Newen, Leon De Bruin, and Shaun Gallagher (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition provides a systematic overview of the state of the art in the field of 4E cognition: it includes chapters on hotly debated topics, for example, on the nature of cognition and the relation between cognition, perception and action; it discusses recent trends such as Bayesian inference and predictive coding; it presents new insights and findings regarding social understanding including the development of false belief understanding, and introduces new theoretical paradigms for understanding emotions and conceptualizing the interaction between cognition, language and culture. Each thematic section ends with a critical note to foster the fruitful discussion. In addition the final section of the book is dedicated to applications of 4E cognition approaches in disciplines such as psychiatry and robotics. This is a book with high relevance for philosophers, psychologists, psychiatrists, neuroscientists and anyone with an interest in the study of cognition as well as a wider audience with an interest in 4E cognition approaches.
Seth J. Schwartz and Jennifer Unger (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Acculturation and Health brings together three very different, but complementary, streams of work: theoretical and methodological “basic” work on acculturation, and applied work linking acculturation to various health outcomes among international migrants and their families, and interventions applying acculturation-related principles to prevent or treat health behaviors or problems. In this volume, the work of landmark acculturation theorists and methodologists appears in the same volume as applied epidemiologic and intervention work on acculturation and public health. This volume highlights theoretical, methodological, and applied research on the study of acculturation in an effort to connect fundamental principles of acculturation theories with research linking these theories to health outcomes. Although the majority of acculturation and health research has been conducted on the experiences of Hispanic immigrants in the United States, the principles featured in this volume are also intended to apply to other immigrant groups in the United States and elsewhere.
Tera D. Letzring and Jana S. Spain (eds)
This handbook reviews theory and research on the accuracy of personality judgments. The various chapters explain the major theoretical models that guide research in this area, describe various methodological approaches to evaluating accuracy, and review recent empirical findings. Topics considered include moderators of accuracy including judge, target, trait, and information. Chapters also summarize recent work on self-other asymmetry, the accuracy of self-knowledge, meta-perceptions and meta-accuracy. The various pieces of information used in making personality judgments, including nonverbal cues, contextual and environmental information, normative information, and group stereotypes are identified and their roles in accurate judgment are described. Examples of some of the domains to which accuracy research can be applied including interpersonal relationships, clinical practice, the workplace, and accuracy training are included. And finally, possible future directions for the study and application of accurate personality judgments are provided.
Robert A. Zucker and Sandra A. Brown (eds)
This Handbook explores the origins, development, and course of substance use as it emerges and unfolds in adolescence. Given the large causal network involved in adolescent substance use and abuse as well as its powerful impact, both at the time of use and in terms of the long term outcomes and complications of use, the domains covered by this volume range from infancy to adulthood, and from molecular genetics to social policy. The book is organized into eight sections, beginning with a review of the conceptual framework. It explains why a developmental framework is essential in understanding the adolescent period and goes on to discuss the epidemiology of substance use and abuse. It then examines the similarities and differences among the different drugs of abuse, namely: nicotine, alcohol, marijuana, prescription drugs, and other illicit drugs. The remaining sections deal with etiology and course in the context of adolescent development; the correlation between developmental tasks and adolescent substance abuse; clinical symptomatology and comorbidity; and the different assessment and intervention methods that have been developed to address the problem of adolescent alcohol and other drug abuse. These interventions include targeted prevention approaches, family-based treatments, twelve-step approaches, and inpatient and outpatient models. The book concludes with a chapter that analyzes the multi-level structure of public policy for the prevention of alcohol, tobacco, and drug problems among the youth.
Michael L. Alosco and Robert A. Stern (eds)
The prevalence of cognitive impairment caused by neurodegenerative diseases and other neurologic disorders associated with aging is expected to rise dramatically between now and year 2050, when the population of Americans aged 65 or older will nearly double. Cognitive impairment also commonly occurs in other neurologic conditions, as well as in non-neurologic medical disorders (and their treatments), idiopathic psychiatric illnesses, and adult neurodevelopmental disorders. Cognitive impairment can thus infiltrate all aspects of healthcare, making it necessary for clinicians and clinical researchers to have an integrated knowledge of the spectrum of adult cognitive disorders. The Oxford Handbook of Adult Cognitive Disorders is meant to serve as an up-to-date, scholarly, and comprehensive volume covering most diseases, conditions, and injuries resulting in impairments in cognitive function in adults. Topics covered include normal cognitive and brain aging, the impact of medical disorders (e.g., cardiovascular, liver, pulmonary) and psychiatric illnesses (e.g., depression and bipolar disorder) on cognitive function, adult neurodevelopmental disorders (e.g., Down Syndrome, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder), as well as the various neurological conditions (e.g., Alzheimer’s disease, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, concussion). A section of the Handbook is also dedicated to unique perspectives and special considerations for the clinicians and clinical researchers, covering topics such as cognitive reserve, genetics, diversity, and neuroethics. The target audience of this Handbook includes: (1) clinicians, particularly psychologists, neuropsychologists, neurologists (including behavioral and cognitive neurologists), geriatricians, and psychiatrists (including neuropsychiatrists), who provide clinical care and management for adults with a diverse range of cognitive disorders; (2) clinical researchers who investigate cognitive outcomes and functioning in adult populations; and (3) graduate level students and post-doctoral trainees studying psychology, clinical neuroscience, and various medical specialties.
Rafael Calvo, Sidney D'Mello, Jonathan Gratch, and Arvid Kappas (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Affective Computing is a definitive reference in the burgeoning field of affective computing (AC), a multidisciplinary field encompassing computer science, engineering, psychology, education, neuroscience, and other disciplines. AC research explores how affective factors influence interactions between humans and technology, how affect sensing and affect generation techniques can inform our understanding of human affect, and on the design, implementation, and evaluation of systems involving affect at their core. The volume features 41 chapters and is divided into five sections: history and theory, detection, generation, methodologies, and applications. Section 1 begins with the making of AC and a historical review of the science of emotion. The following chapters discuss the theoretical underpinnings of AC from an interdisciplinary viewpoint. Section 2 examines affect detection or recognition, a commonly investigated area. Section 3 focuses on aspects of affect generation, including the synthesis of emotion and its expression via facial features, speech, postures, and gestures. Cultural issues are also discussed. Section 4 focuses on methodological issues in AC research, including data collection techniques, multimodal affect databases, formats for the representation of emotion, crowdsourcing techniques, machine learning approaches, affect elicitation techniques, useful AC tools, and ethical issues. Finally, Section 5 highlights applications of AC in such domains as formal and informal learning, games, robotics, virtual reality, autism research, health care, cyberpsychology, music, deception, reflective writing, and cyberpsychology. This compendium will prove suitable for use as a textbook and serve as a valuable resource for everyone with an interest in AC.
Martin M. Antony and Murray B. Stein (eds)
Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent of psychological disorders. The Oxford Handbook of Anxiety and Related Disorders reviews current research and clinical developments through synthetic chapters written by experts from various fields of study and clinical backgrounds. The book discusses each of the main anxiety disorders, examining diagnostic criteria, prevalence rates, comorbidity, as well as clinical issues. Neurobiological and psychological approaches to understanding these disorders are presented through the examination of such topics as genetic research, neuroanatomical models, learning theories, and more. Current issues in classification and assessment are also discussed in depth and treatment approaches, both traditional and alternative, are provided along with detailed discussions of both pharmacological and psychological approaches. The book also introduces other anxiety-based conditions, such as body dysmorphic disorder, and looks at cultural issues and the impact of anxiety disorders in specific populations.
Anastasia M. Raymer and Leslie J. Gonzalez Rothi (eds)
The language and communication impairments that individuals experience following damage to the cerebral cortex vary widely, depending on the extent of involvement and location in the left or right hemisphere. Historically, numerous aphasia syndromes have been described, typically following left hemisphere damage, each with unique characteristics. Other subtle aspects of communication are disrupted in right hemisphere disorders as well. Clinicians who work with individuals with communication disorders recognize patterns of symptoms, administer appropriate assessments, and develop interventions to address the language and communication impairments. Recognized authors from around the world review the extensive literature on the varied aphasia syndromes, acquired dyslexia and dysgraphia, and right hemisphere communication disorders. Starting with a rich historical overview, the book turns to broad perspectives from the World Health Organization model applied in clinical assessment of aphasia. A series of chapters expands on the aphasia syndromes, dyslexia and dysgraphia, and right hemisphere disorders, weaving theoretical perspectives and building neurological foundations that lead to sound clinical approaches to assessment and intervention intended to maximize recovery of language and communication following acquired brain injury. The book ends with a focus on rehabilitation, including prognostic factors at play in aphasia recovery, and principles of neuroplasticity intended to maximize rehabilitation outcomes. Readers will leave with a breadth of information deriving from an extensive overview of the literature on aphasia and related communication disorders.
Anna C. (Kia) Nobre and Sabine Kastner (eds)
This handbook summarizes empirical findings and data concerning attention and attentional tasks. It presents a comprehensive view of the current state of theory in the field of attention by investigating a wide range of interrelated topics, including the rules of guidance, the mechanics of visual search, and the relationship of these processes to visual awareness. It also discusses Bayesian models of attention, how normal aging may affect selective attention, the biased competition theory of attention, the effects of attention in visual cortex and thalamus, the theory of visual attention introduced by Bundesen (1990), how covert attention modulates perception, load theory of attention and cognitive control, event-related brain potentials, neurological disorders of attention such as focal brain lesions and Parkinson’s disease, the link between attention and emotion, the neuropsychopharmacology of attention, working memory biases in human vision, and spatial orienting and attentional capture. In addition, the book reviews the neuroimaging literature, as well as related behavioral and single-cell physiology studies, on visual spatial attention.
Christopher J. Plack (ed.)
This book is the third and final volume in The Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science. It provides a comprehensive account of our current understanding of auditory perception; that is, how humans and other animals experience the auditory world. The topics covered range from the perception of the basic physical characteristics of sounds such as intensity, frequency, and space, to the perception of complex sounds such as speech and music, as well as more cognitive functions such as auditory attention. In addition, the book includes articles on hearing and language disorders, auditory development, and environmental sound.