Peter Mitchell and Paul J. Lane (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology presents a series of articles by colleagues working across the continent for incorporation within a volume that sets African archaeology within its theoretical, methodological, and historical context and simultaneously spans the entire history of human culture on the African continent. The book is organised into seven parts. After the Introduction, Part II examines how African archaeology emerged as a recognisable element within the broader discipline. Part III addresses the archaeological, fossil, and genetic evidence for early human origins from the beginning of the hominin line and the earliest archaeological evidence to the evolution of the one surviving hominin species, Homo sapiens. Part IV considers the variation evident across time and space in the ways in which people structured their material and cognitive worlds while securing food and raw materials by exploiting a wide range of plants and animals. Part V shifts to societies that developed a radically different approach to their subsistence needs, obtaining food from many different domesticated animals and plants combined together in a diversity of ways. After introductory articles considering the archaeology of those communities, as well as the archaeologies of African urbanism and state formation, the remaining articles of Part VI address the relations between town and state, élites and non-élites, and Africa and other parts of the world. Part VII examines how African communities participated in the creation of the globalised world in which they now live.
Gregory McMahon and Sharon Steadman (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia is a unique blend of comprehensive overviews on archaeological, philological, linguistic, and historical issues at the forefront of Anatolian scholarship in the twenty-first century. Anatolia is home to early complex societies and great empires, and was the destination of many migrants, visitors, and invaders. The offerings in this book bring this reality to life, as the articles unfold nearly 10,000 years (ca. 10,000–323
Daniel T. Potts (ed.)
This multiauthor collection of fifty-one essays presents an up-to-date survey of pre-Islamic Iran, from the earliest evidence of Paleolithic occupation in the Pleistocene to the Islamic conquest. It includes chapters on the archaeology of virtually every part of the country, down to the Achaemenid period, as well as a wealth of studies dealing with specific aspects of the Achaemenid, Arsacid, and Sasanian empires. A particular strength of the collection is the attention given to often-neglected topics, including the languages of the pre-Iranian period; the Iranian migration; color and gilding on Achaemenid monuments; Achaemenid iconography; Persid, Arsacid, Elymaean, and Sasanian coinage; and Sasanian political ideology and calendrics. The broad authorship of this volume includes Iranian, European, North American, Australian, and Japanese scholars. It represents a new benchmark in Iranian studies at the beginning of the twenty-first century.
David A. Hinton, Sally Crawford, and Helena Hamerow (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology presents the results of recent research and illuminates those aspects of Anglo-Saxon Studies upon which archaeology has had the greatest impact. The book explores the complex relationship between archaeological, historical, anthropological, and literary methods. Since the early 20th century the scholarly study of Anglo-Saxon texts has been augmented by systematic excavation and analysis of physical evidence — settlements, cemeteries, artefacts, environmental data, and standing buildings. This evidence has confirmed some readings of the Anglo-Saxon literary and documentary sources and challenged others. More recently, large-scale excavations both in towns and in the countryside, the application of computer methods to large bodies of data, new techniques for site identification such as remote sensing, and new dating methods have put archaeology at the forefront of Anglo-Saxon studies.
Alice Hunt (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Ceramic Analysis draws together topics and methodologies essential for the socio-cultural, mineralogical, and geochemical analysis of archaeological ceramic. Ceramic is one of the most complex and ubiquitous archaeomaterials in the archaeological record: it occurs around the world and through time in almost every culture and context, from building materials and technological installations to utilitarian wares and votive figurines. For more than 100 years, archaeologists have used ceramic analysis to answer complex questions about economy, subsistence, technological innovation, social organization, and dating. The volume is structured around the themes “Research design and data analysis,” “Foundational concepts,” “Evaluating ceramic provenance,” “Investigating ceramic manufacture,” “Assessing vessel function,” and “Dating ceramic assemblages.” It provides a common vocabulary and offers practical tools and guidelines for ceramic analysis using techniques and methodologies ranging from network analysis and typology to rehydroxylation dating and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Each chapter provides the theoretical background and practical guidelines, such as cost and destructiveness of analysis, for each technique, as well as detailed case studies illustrating the application and interpretation of analytical data for answering anthropological questions.
Andrew Gardner, Mark Lake, and Ulrike Sommer (eds)
This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note that the online publication date for this handbook is the date that the first article in the title was published online. For more information, please read the site FAQs.<p>Archaeological theory is a fluid and fractured field that is an arena of lively debate. This Handbook will guide students and practitioners through this field in a novel way, connecting ideas in different schools of thought through the key problems upon which they focus. Major themes are tackled in review papers by experts in those areas, while the schools of thought that archaeologists frequently draw upon are also given extended treatment by specialists in neighbouring fields. Another innovative aspect of this Handbook is the attention given to archaeological theory outside of the Anglo-American debate which has tended to dominate publications on the subject.</p>
Chris Gosden, Barry Cunliffe, and Rosemary A. Joyce (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology brings together thirty-five specialist authors to explain what archaeology is really about — archaeology is a vast subject, it is the study of human society everywhere in the world, from distant human origins 3–4 million years ago up to the present day. This book is a comprehensive treatment of the subject and covers all the key debates. It is designed to open up the world of archaeology to non-specialists and to provide a starting point for those who want to pursue particular topics in more depth.
William F. Keegan, Corinne L. Hofman, and Reniel Rodríguez Ramos (eds)
In one sense, the Caribbean islands were isolated from their neighbors and the surrounding mainland by water, but the degree of isolation was negotiated by cultural potentials. This volume on Caribbean archaeology focuses on the cultural construction of insularity. In this regard, the Caribbean islands can shed their insular past and demonstrate their significant role for understanding world history. The articles in this volume are based on studies of the “insular Caribbean.” These are the islands whose shores surround the Caribbean Sea and the islands of the Bahama Archipelago. The articles are organized according to different dimensions of history. The first part highlights the stage on which native people lived their lives (Island History). Because archaeological interpretations often are constituted between environments and written history, the second part turns to Ethnohistory. The articles in the third part, Culture History, tend to be segregated by geographical locations. The fourth section includes detailed studies employed for Creating History. These approaches address specific issues with particular analytical techniques. They provide the methodological foundation for the synthesis of the regional culture history and address broader theoretical goals. The final section, World History, introduces the colonial period through modern constructions of Caribbean cultures.
William R. Caraher, Thomas W. Davis, and David K. Pettegrew (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology brings together significant work by leading scholars of the archaeology of early Christianity in the Mediterranean and surrounding regions. The thirty-four contributions to this volume ground the history, culture, and society of the first seven centuries of Christianity in archaeological method, theory, and research. Collectively the essays emphasize the link between fieldwork, archaeological methods, and regional and national traditions in constructing our knowledge of the early church, Christian communities, and the context of the ancient Mediterranean. An introductory essay provides historical and chronological perspectives on the archaeology of the early Christian world. This is followed by two chapters on the archaeology of the earliest Christ followers, and a series of topical treatments that focus on significant types of objects common to Christian contexts, such as ceramics, lamps, and icons,and monuments and contexts ranging from Christian churches to martyria, catacombs, and baths. Finally, the volume locates the archaeology of the early Christian world in a series of regional studies stretching from Britain to Persia. These regional studies situate the archaeology of early Christianity in historical contexts shaped by ancient geography and modern national archaeological traditions. The thorough, carefully researched, and fully referenced essays offer the most intensive, state-of-the-art treatment of recent research into the archaeology of early Christianity currently available.
Vanessa Davies and Dimitri Laboury (eds)
Epigraphy and palaeography are ways of recording, analyzing, and interpreting texts and images. This Handbook discusses technical issues about recording text and art and interpretive questions about what we do with those records and why we do it. The Handbook aims to • discuss current theories with regard to the cultural setting and material realities in which Egyptian epigraphy was produced;• familiarize the reader with epigraphic techniques and practices; and• outline and review traditional and emerging techniques and challenges as a guide for future research. The chapters offer a diachronic perspective, covering all Egyptian scripts from prehistoric through Coptic, a look at recording techniques that considers past, present, and future, and a focus on colleagues’ experiences. The diachronic perspective illustrates the range of techniques used to record different phases of writing in different media. The consideration of past, present, and future techniques allows readers to understand why particular strategies are or were employed by linking the aims of an effort with the chosen technique. The choice of techniques is a matter of goals and the records’ work circumstances, an inevitable consequence of epigraphy being a double projection: geometrical, transcribing in two dimensions an object that exists physically in three, and mental, an interpretation, with an inevitable selection among the object’s defining characteristics. Colleagues’ experiences provide a range of perspectives and opinions. These accounts are interesting and instructive stories of innovation in the face of scientific conundrum.