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“A Land for a People, Not a People for a Land”: The Territorial Ideology, 1903–1957  

Gur Alroey

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Dec 2021
Territorialist ideology emerged together with Zionist ideology. From the moment Leon Pinsker wrote in his Auto-Emancipation that “the goal of our present endeavors must be not the Holy ... More

Après nous, le déluge: Belgium, Decolonization, and the Congo  

Matthew G. Stanard

Print publication date:
Dec 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2017
This chapter identifies and develops several themes that have emerged in recent works on the end of Belgium’s empire. The first is how, before 1960, factors mainly endogenous to the Congo ... More

The Ashkenazic Diaspora of Early Modern Central Europe  

Joshua Teplitsky

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Dec 2021
This chapter uses theories of diaspora—which transcend narrative of origins/dispersal and explore instead synchronic ties between multiple centers—to examine phenomena of Jewish cultural ... More

At the Crossroads: Mining and Political Change on the Katangese-Zambian Copperbelt  

Miles Larmer

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
The Copperbelt region of Central Africa sits at the crossroads of political borders, trade corridors, migratory flows, and identity formations. The division of the region by a ... More

Babylonia: A Diaspora Center  

Geoffrey Herman

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Dec 2021
This chapter plots out the emergence of a diaspora center in Babylonia, beginning in the late Biblical era and continuing through late antiquity, as it grew into probably the foremost ... More

Belonging Across the Diaspora: Global Jewish Organizations  

David Slucki

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Dec 2021
This chapter traces the rise of global Jewish organizations in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, arguing that such groups helped usher Jews into modernity. This was a period of great ... More

Britain and decolonization in an Era of Global Change  

Sarah Elizabeth Stockwell

Print publication date:
Dec 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2017
This chapter considers processes of decolonization in Britain’s ‘empires’, incorporating discussion not just of the key dynamics and manifestations of decolonization in the colonial empire ... More

Celebrating the Diaspora: The Intellectual Defense  

David Weinberg

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Dec 2021
Few people today are familiar with the ideas and personalities associated with Jewish diaspora nationalism, or “autonomism,” as it was often called. The creation of the State of Israel has ... More

The Collapse of the Romanov Empire  

Alexey Miller

Print publication date:
Dec 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2017
This chapter considers the changing approaches adopted after the October Revolution towards Russia’s ethnic minority populations alongside efforts to construct a shared Russian or Soviet ... More

Comparative Slavery  

Enrico Dal Lago

Print publication date:
Jul 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article first briefly reviews the historiography of comparative slavery, so as to identify the main trends and changes it went through. It then provides a summary of the state of the ... More

The Concept of Diaspora in Rabbinic Sources  

Charlotte Elisheva Fonrobert

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Dec 2021
The rabbinic diaspora in the Persianite and Sasanian empires of the second through seventh century CE provided the context for the production of one the great monuments of the culture of ... More

Diaspora as Nation: The Mediterranean Sephardim between the Fifteenth and Twentieth Centuries  

Jonathan Ray

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Dec 2021
This chapter traces the evolution of the so-called “Eastern” Sephardic diaspora in its Mediterranean context from 1492 to the late twentieth century. It looks at the way in which these ... More

Diaspora in Modern Jewish Thought  

Noam Pianko

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Dec 2021
This chapter explores the broad contours of concepts of diaspora in modern Jewish thought. Philosophers, intellectuals, religious thinkers, and non-Zionist nationalists who disagreed on the ... More

Did German Jews Remain German Jews Once They Left Their Homeland?  

Marion Kaplan

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Dec 2021
This chapter addresses the social history and geographical extent of the German-Jewish diaspora during the two major periods of migration: the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It asks ... More

Diplomacy  

Hamish Scott

Print publication date:
Nov 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The era of the French Revolution, and specifically the later 1780s and 1790s, saw the modern meanings first of “diplomatic” and then “diplomacy” become established in the political lexicon. ... More

Diplomacy and World War: The (First) Axis of Evil  

H. James Burgwyn

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the essence of Mussolini's foreign policy and Italy in the Second World War. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini were dreamers who indulged in a mysticism of empire and ... More

Distinctiveness and Diaspora in Medieval and Early Modern Jewish Thought  

Michah Gottlieb

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Dec 2021
This chapter discusses the connection between concepts of Jewish distinctiveness and diaspora/exile in five paradigmatic medieval and early modern Jewish thinkers. The article argues that ... More

The Doctrine of Exile in Kabbalah  

Sharon Flatto

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Dec 2021
Exile (galut)—and the attempt to end it—is one of primary aims and motifs of Jewish mysticism and Kabbalah. Kabbalists have conceived of exile as the existential state of man (the divine ... More

The Eclipse of Empire in China: From the Manchus to Mao  

Tehyun Ma

Print publication date:
Dec 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2017
China’s end of empire, as elsewhere, was a protracted process, the ramifications of which are still being felt, and its imperial situation was especially complex. From the middle of the ... More

The Emergence of the Medieval Northern European Diaspora  

Robert Chazan

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Dec 2021
The vitalization of northern Europe, which began toward the end of the first Christian millennium, changed the Western world and in the process altered the configuration of diaspora Jewish ... More

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