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Against Roman Rule: Rabbinical Writing as a Genre of the Defeated  

Simon Goldhill

This article examines certain types of narrative from rabbinical sources and how they relate both to forms of social life and to expectations of Greco-Roman narrative, genre, and ... More

Ancient Jewish Social Relations  

Seth Schwartz

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses the social history of the Jews. It determines the extent Jewish communities possessed an inner-Jewish social structure and looks at the social ties that existed ... More

The Ancient Near East  

Jan N. Bremmer

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter concentrates on influence from Anatolia, as illustrated by recent discoveries regarding the Luwian, Karian, and Lycian languages. These show the survival of various divinities ... More

The Argonauts  

Richard Hunter

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Jul 2021
This chapter considers the representation of Heracles in the Argonautic narratives of Apollonius Rhodius and Theocritus, Idyll 13. Particular attention is paid to the importance to the ... More

Art and Imagery  

Tanja Scheer

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Both in the oikos and in public spaces the Greeks encountered numerous visualizations of the divine. If we look at various representations of Athena in Classical Athens it becomes clear ... More

Auge and Telephus  

Emma Griffiths

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Jul 2021
Heracles’ role as the father of Telephus involves significant elements for our understanding of the wider myth. The conception of Telephus is variously depicted as a “rape” or a “seduction” ... More

Augustine’s Rhetoric in Theory and Practice  

Catherine Conybeare

Print publication date:
Nov 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter addresses the complex relationship of Augustine of Hippo with the tradition of classical rhetoric in which he had been educated and in which he excelled. It shows that, despite ... More

Bactria and India  

Rachel Mairs

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Diverse forms of religious practice coexisted in the Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek kingdoms. As well as Greek gods and cults imported by Greek settlers in the aftermath of the campaigns of ... More

Belief vs. Practice  

Thomas Harrison

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter discusses the contrast frequently drawn in studies of ancient Greek religion between ritual practice and belief. It looks back, first, at the early history of this contrast, ... More

Birth and Childhood  

Corinne Pache

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Jul 2021
The stories about the birth and childhood of Heracles tell of a hero who has the potential to be a protector and savior for gods and men, but also the most uncivilized of beings. His ... More

Brigands and Cruel Kings  

Debbie Felton

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Jul 2021
Most of Heracles’ parerga involve not mythological monsters but murderous humans or demigods famous for torturing and murdering travelers unfortunate enough to pass through their ... More

Children in Athenian Religion  

Robert Garland

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter investigates how Athenian children were placed under the protection of the gods and what services they performed on the gods’ behalf. The successive rituals that adults ... More

China and Greece: Comparisons and Insights  

Lisa Raphals

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This account of Chinese and Greek religion focuses on three topics that are all of significant interest to both subjects, and that lend themselves to comparison. First is cosmogony and ... More

Christian Apocrypha  

Scott Fitzgerald Johnson

Print publication date:
Dec 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter considers the definition, genres, and major themes of early Christian apocrypha within the context of the Second Sophistic. Christian fiction surrounding Jesus and the Apostles ... More

Christian Society  

Adam H. Becker

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on the Christian society in the early Roman Empire. It shows how the Christians and Christian community were simultaneously added into and alienated from the broader ... More

Christianity  

Hagith Sivan

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
A man by the name of Jesus (Yeshu), from the obscure region of the Galilee, clashed with the Jewish establishment in Judaean Jerusalem and was dispatched to his death on the orders of the ... More

Christianity in Roman Britain  

David Petts

Print publication date:
Sep 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
Although there is limited evidence for pre-Constantinian Christianity in Roman Britain, it is clear that in the fourth century ad the early church became increasingly widespread, partly ... More

Classical Art  

Amy C. Smith

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Jul 2021
As Panhellenic and local hero, semidivinity or god, Heracles received reverence across Greece and served as patron divinity in many locales. The frequency and survival of his images from ... More

Comedy  

John Wilkins

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Jul 2021
Heracles appeared in Greek and Roman comedy from the early fifth to the second century BC, and beyond. Comedy drew on myths from his birth to his apotheosis, featuring the Labors, among ... More

Cult  

Marietta Horster

Print publication date:
Dec 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter focuses upon the literary representations of the importance of rituals, religious offices, and cult traditions in the time of the Second Sophistic. The “real-life” sophists’ ... More

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