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Achievement and Meaning in Life  

Gwen Bradford

Print publication date:
Jun 2022
Online publication date:
Apr 2022
Achievements play a key role in many accounts of meaning in life. What characterizes projects that are the best sources of objective worth and meaning? A natural thought is that the ... More

Analytic Philosophy of Religion  

William Hasker

Print publication date:
Jun 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
One could hardly describe the philosophical writings of the earlier stages as childish, let alone infantile. But the field of study itself was discernibly immature, and since then there has ... More

Aquinas and Jewish and Islamic Authors  

David B. Burrell

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
The works of Plato and of Aristotle were made available to the Islamic people by virtue of Syriac translators from Greek into Arabic. Aristotle's Metaphysic offered the paradigm for ... More

Arguments for the Existence of God  

Graham Oppy

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article considers the following medieval philosophers—Philoponus, Anselm, Maimonides, Aquinas, and Scotus—all supposedly to have produced arguments that deserve the label “medieval ... More

Arguments for the Existence of God  

Brandon C. Look

Print publication date:
Dec 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
This chapter critically discusses Leibniz’s arguments for the existence of God. It explores Leibniz’s improvements on the traditional ontological arguments of Anselm and Descartes, as well ... More

Aristotle's Theology  

Stephen Menn

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
When Aristotle speaks of theologikê, he means not the study of a single God, but the study of gods and divine things in general. He never uses the phrase “the unmoved mover” to pick out ... More

Atheism and Meaning in Life  

Erik J. Wielenberg

Print publication date:
Jun 2022
Online publication date:
Apr 2022
This chapter takes the case of Sisyphus as a springboard for an examination of meaning in human life under the assumptions that there is no God, there are no non-physicals souls, there is ... More

Augustine to Aquinas (Latin-Christian Authors)  

Alexander Fidora

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
Thomas Aquinas integrated the newly translated philosophical source that is Greek, Arabic, and Jewish authors into a unique synthesis with his own Christian tradition efficiently. The most ... More

Authorization and Representation in Hobbes’s Leviathan  

Al P. Martinich

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
In Leviathan, Hobbes holds that prospective subjects authorize a sovereign to represent them. Alienation of some rights to the sovereign typically follows upon authorization of him, and ... More

Between Sisyphus’s Rock and a Warm and Fuzzy Place: Procreative Ethics and the Meaning of Life  

Rivka Weinberg

Print publication date:
Jun 2022
Online publication date:
Apr 2022
This chapter suggests that there are three kinds of meaning: Everyday, Cosmic, and Ultimate. Everyday meaning refers to the value and significance in our everyday lives, including values ... More

Biology and Religion  

Nancey Murphy and Jeffrey P. Schloss

Print publication date:
Jul 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article tries to deal with the issues of biology versus religion. This relates to a conflict between evolutionary and biblical accounts of Earth's history. The most important area ... More

Can Neuroscience Shed Light on What Constitutes a Meaningful Life?  

P. M. S. Hacker

Print publication date:
Jun 2022
Online publication date:
Apr 2022
To investigate whether cognitive neuroscience can actually illuminate the meaning of life, the notions of finding meaning in life and living a meaningful life are first explained. The ... More

Christianity and Civil Religion in Hobbes’s Leviathan  

Sarah Mortimer

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Hobbes was an unusual Christian, and one that recognized the potential power of the Christian story to strengthen (as well as to undermine) commonwealths. This chapter discusses the account ... More

The Concept of Life’s Meaning  

Thaddeus Metz

Print publication date:
Jun 2022
Online publication date:
Apr 2022
The author of this chapter critically discusses views about what at least analytic philosophers have in mind when reflecting on what makes life meaningful. He first demonstrates that there ... More

Conceptions of God  

Steven Nadler

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article examines the three ways in which God was conceptualized by leading philosophers in early modern Europe. Gottfried Leibniz and Nicholas Malebranche's rationalist God was ... More

Continental Philosophy of Religion  

Merold Westphal

Print publication date:
Jun 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The term continental philosophy is not much used on the European continent. In the English-speaking world it is used to signify thinkers, texts, and traditions from the European continent, ... More

Cosmological and Design Arguments  

Alexander R. Pruss and Richard M. Gale

Print publication date:
Jun 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Unlike the ontological argument, which appeals only to highly sophisticated philosophers who delight in highly abstract deductive reasoning, cosmological and design arguments figure ... More

Death and the Afterlife  

Lynne Rudder Baker

Print publication date:
Jun 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Death comes to all creatures, but human beings are unique in realizing that they will die. Hence, they are unique in being able to consider the possibility of life after death. Ideas of an ... More

The Definition of Death  

Stuart J. Youngner

Print publication date:
Feb 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Two factors, medical science's growing control over the timing of death and the increasingly desperate need for organs, have led to a reopening of the debate about the definition of death ... More

Desire and Meaning in Life: Towards a Theory  

Nomy Arpaly

Print publication date:
Jun 2022
Online publication date:
Apr 2022
This chapter sketches a desire-based theory of meaning in life. The main thesis in question is that things that give meaning to a person’s life are things which the person desires ... More

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