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Acceptance and Adaptation of Byzantine Architectural Types in the “Byzantine Commonwealth”  

Mark J. Johnson

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Nov 2021
This chapter provides an introduction to the influence of Byzantine architecture on its neighbors, in particular in Bulgaria, Serbia, medieval Rus’, and the Veneto and the Norman Kingdom of ... More

Al-Andalus  

Patrice Cressier and Sonia Gutiérrez Lloret

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
The archaeology of al-Andalus did not emerge as a discipline until the end of the 1970s, slightly later than medieval archaeology in Northern Europe. Its spectacular development in ... More

Amulets and the Ritual Efficacy of Christian Symbols  

Rangar H. Cline

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Although “magical” amulets are often overlooked in studies of early Christian material culture, they provide unique insight into the lives of early Christians. The high number of amulets ... More

Amulets, Crosses, and Reliquaries  

Brigitte Pitarakis

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Nov 2021
The Byzantines deployed an array of spiritual weapons for worship and protection, revealing links in the function and decoration of Christian amulets and private objects of devotion. The ... More

An Anarchéologie of Icons  

Glenn Peers

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter examines the development of a distinctive early Christian genre: the icon. It does so by taking a relatively unknown, but important, example of a devotional panel in a U.S. ... More

Animate Shadows of Bears and Giants  

Kevin Conti and William H. Walker

Print publication date:
Dec 2021
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This chapter explores the performance of light and shadows in two ancestral Pueblo rock art sites in southeast Utah. These sites possess anthropomorphic rock faces and modified features to ... More

Approaching Medieval Sacrality  

M. A. Hall

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Creating, inviting, and repurposing sacrality was a fundamental quest of social behaviour in the medieval period. From the major shrines of cathedrals down to the portable sanctity of ... More

Arabia and the Gulf  

Andrew Petersen

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
This chapter introduces the main ways in which archaeology has been used to investigate Arabia’s past during the Islamic era. While the potential for archaeology within the peninsula cannot ... More

Archaeology of Early Christianity in Egypt  

Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter discusses the evolution of scholarly interest in Christian antiquities in Egypt after 1900. The archaeology of early Christianity developed much later than the field of ... More

The Archaeology of Early Italian Churches in Context, 313–569 CE  

Alexandra Chavarría Arnau

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The archaeology of early Christian churches has made important advancements in recent decades in Italy thanks to a large number of new excavations and scientific meetings, as well as the ... More

The Archaeology of Early Monastic Communities  

Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter discusses new developments in the field of monastic archaeology and the archaeology of early monastic settlements. The presence of monastic communities in documentary and ... More

An Archaeology of Pilgrimage  

Peter Yeoman

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
An understanding of medieval pilgrimage can be informed by the application of archaeological approaches to the physical evidence. This chapter outlines the evidence of pilgrimage within the ... More

Archaeology of the Gospels  

James F. Strange

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter discusses the archaeology of the New Testament as applied to Jesus and the gospels. The aim is to create a reliable social, economic, and material history of the origins and ... More

Archaeology: Sites and Approaches  

Eric A. Ivison

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Nov 2021
This chapter presents an overview of the history, practice and results of Byzantine archaeology in modern Greece and Turkey. Originating in Classical and Early Christian archaeology, and ... More

Armenia  

Christina Maranci

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Nov 2021
A study of medieval Armenian painting, church architecture, bas-relief sculpture, and other media demonstrates close attention to, and reception of, the art and culture of the Byzantine ... More

Armenia  

Christina Maranci

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The fourth to seventh centuries were formative in the art and culture of Armenia. This era witnessed the conversion of the land to Christianity, the invention of the Armenian alphabet and ... More

The Art of the Catacombs  

Fabrizio Bisconti

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The art of the catacombs was born in Rome between the second and third centuries and is manifested especially in the pictorial decorations of the cubicula and other hypogeal environments. ... More

Asia  

Timothy Insoll

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
The extent of Islamic archaeological research in Asia varies regionally. The reasons for this include different research interests as well as political factors. Varied research themes are ... More

Asia Minor  

Peter Talloen

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The early Christian archaeology of Asia Minor has recently developed into a discipline devoted to the contextualized study of the material remains of early Christianity. It has ... More

Aztec Domestic Ritual  

Lisa Overholtzer

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Ethnohistoric evidence emphasizes the role of women in ritualized Aztec household practices and religion that were concerned not only with household maintenance or fertility but also with ... More

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