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Advice Giving in Psychotherapy  

Changmin Duan, Sarah Knox, and Clara E. Hill

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
May 2018
Advice giving in psychotherapy has been an area of interest for theorists and practitioners for a long time. However, clear and distinct answers to questions concerning the role of advice ... More

Advice Recipients: The Psychology of Advice Utilization  

Lyn M. Van Swol, Jihyun Esther Paik, and Andrew Prahl

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
May 2018
This chapter examines the psychology of advice recipients, focusing on research predominantly conducted using the Judge Advisor System, in which a participant “judge” receives advice from ... More

Assessing the Language Skills of African American English Child Speakers: Current Approaches and Perspectives  

Toya A. Wyatt

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of current as well as past special education regulations, litigation, professional association guidelines, clinical models, and best ... More

Bilingualism and Child Phonology  

Conxita Lleó

The present article poses some fundamental questions related to bilingualism and to the acquisition of two phonological components, by very young children. It discusses different types of ... More

Can Prototype Representations Support Composition And Decomposition?  

Lila R. Gleitman, Andrew C. Connolly, and Sharon Lee Armstrong

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reviews two kinds of experimental evidence from laboratories that challenge the adequacy of prototypes for representing human concepts. First, experiments suggesting that ... More

Case in Language Production  

Alissa Melinger, Thomas Pechmann, and Sandra Pappert

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Speech production involves the transformation of a to-be-expressed idea, or message, into lexical and grammatical content. Given the generally recognised separation of functional and ... More

Case in Lanuge Comprehension  

Markus Bader and Monique Lamers

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Research on human language comprehension has been heavily influenced by properties of the English language. Since case plays only a minor role in English, its role for language ... More

Children’s Use of Syntax In Word Learning  

Jeffrey Lidz

Print publication date:
Jan 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
This chapter investigates the role that syntax plays in guiding the acquisition of word meaning. It reviews data that reveal how children can use the syntactic distribution of a word as ... More

Comparative Syntax and Language Disorders  

Arhonto Terzi

Print publication date:
Oct 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the relation between the study of comparative syntax and language disorders. It aims to demonstrate ways in which research on impaired language interacts with ... More

Compositionality of concepts  

Gala Stojnic and Ernie Lepore

Print publication date:
Jan 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
This chapter focuses on the problem of concept composition: to obtain a complex concept such as RED SQUARE, the mind has to be able to combine simple concepts, RED and SQUARE. It is argued ... More

Connectionism, Dynamical Cognition, and Non-Classical Compositional Representation  

Terry Horgan

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article addresses the issue of compositionality of mental representations from the perspective of a foundational framework for cognitive science. The dynamical cognition framework (DC ... More

Contributions of pragmatics to word learning and interpretation  

Myrto Grigoroglou and Anna Papafragou

Print publication date:
Jan 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
This chapter focuses on the role of pragmatic reasoning in language learning and interpretation. The first half of the chapter assesses the extent to which young children use pragmatic ... More

Differences in vocabulary growth across groups and individuals  

Christine E. Potter and Casey Lew-Williams

Print publication date:
Jan 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
This chapter describes causes and consequences of individual differences in young children’s word learning. For decades, research has documented qualitative and quantitative differences in ... More

Disorders of Lexical Access And Production  

Daniel Mirman and Erica L. Middleton

Print publication date:
Jan 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
Disorders of lexical access are characterized by inconsistent lexical access such that individuals successfully comprehend or produce a word in some contexts but fail on other occasions. ... More

The Dynamics of Word Production  

Oriana Kilbourn-Ceron and Matthew Goldrick

Print publication date:
Jan 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
The common sense notion of lexicon as a dictionary implies a static, fixed repository of information about the properties of individual words. This chapter discusses evidence from speech ... More

Early Logic and Language  

Stephen Crain

Print publication date:
Jan 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
The present chapter charts the course of the acquisition of logical expressions in child language. The focus is on the meanings that child language learners initially assign to logical ... More

Easy words: Reference resolution in a malevolent referent world  

Lila R. Gleitman and John C. Trueswell

Print publication date:
Jan 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
This chapter describes early stages in the acquisition of a first vocabulary by infants and young children. It distinguishes two major stages, the first of which operates by a stand-alone ... More

Efficient Communication and The Organization of The Lexicon  

Kyle Mahowald, Isabelle Dautriche, Mika Braginsky, and Ted Gibson

Print publication date:
Jan 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
This chapter applies a language design perspective to the lexicon. It reviews and synthesizes a body of work in cognitive science and linguistics that uses ideas from computer science, ... More

Experimental and Psycholinguistic Approaches  

Harald Baayen

Print publication date:
Sep 2014
Online publication date:
Mar 2015
This chapter provides a critical overview of experimental and computational research on the processing and representation of derived words. It begins with an introductory section addressing ... More

How Learners Move From Sound To Morphology  

Katherine Demuth

Print publication date:
Jan 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
This chapter investigates the phenomenon of how children acquire grammatical morphology, including both function words and inflectional morphemes. In particular, it shows that the phonology ... More

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