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The Abbey of St. Gall  

Anna A. Grotans

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
This chapter surveys the history of the Abbey of St. Gall, on the shores of Lake Constance, from its founding in the seventh century by Gallus to its cultural highpoints from the ... More

Abbreviations  

Olaf Pluta

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
This chapter surveys the use of abbreviations in Latin manuscripts of the Middle Ages. It provides illustrated examples of the most common abbreviations, and it discusses general ... More

After-Lives: Biographical Receptions of Greek and Roman Poets in the Twentieth Century  

Nora Goldschmidt

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Jan 2021
This chapter explores biographical receptions of Greek and Roman poets in the twentieth century. Classical scholarship has now begun to recognize ancient biography as a creative mode of ... More

The Alexander Romance  

Corinne Jouanno

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Jan 2021
The present paper focusses on the oldest version of the Alexander Romance (the so-called alpha recension). It is a composite work, made of heterogeneous elements whose combination generates ... More

Ancient Biographies of Statesmen  

Jacqueline Klooster

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Jan 2021
This chapter discusses ancient biographies of statesmen. What is the nature of ancient political biography? It is the description of the life and deeds of a significant political player of ... More

Ancient Biography and the Italian Renaissance: Old Models and New Developments  

Thomas Hendrickson

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Jan 2021
This chapter discusses ancient biography in the Italian Renaissance. One way to reveal some of the major trends and developments of ancient biography in the Renaissance is to examine the ... More

Ancient Biography in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries  

Enrica Zanin

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Jan 2021
This chapter examines presences of ancient biography in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The popularity of biography in seventeenth-century Europe was mainly due to the numerous ... More

The Ancient Coinages of the Iberian Peninsula  

Pere P. Ripollès

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The minting of coins in the Iberian Peninsula spread in from the mid-fifth century BC until the reign of the emperor Claudius. The first coinages were struck in the Greek colonies of ... More

Ancient Jewish Social Relations  

Seth Schwartz

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses the social history of the Jews. It determines the extent Jewish communities possessed an inner-Jewish social structure and looks at the social ties that existed ... More

Anglo-Saxon Glosses and Grammars  

Patrizia Lendinara

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
This chapter surveys Old English glosses of Latin works in Anglo-Saxon manuscripts and discusses the format of glosses, the types of texts that were glossed, hermeneutic texts, merographs, ... More

Anthropology  

Maurizio Bettini

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Anthropology and the humanities both deal with man, but they deal with utterly different kinds of man. To put them together was a difficult task, therefore: it was not a simple question of ... More

Antonine Coinage  

Liv Mariah Yarrow

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Under the Antonine emperors, imperial and provincial coinage largely follow the pattern of prior periods, with certain significant developments both in minting practices and iconographic ... More

The Application of Quantitative Methods to the History of the Book  

Ezio Ornato

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
This chapter examines quantitative methods in the study of manuscripts, discussing the quantification of various measureable aspects of medieval book production, the typographic composition ... More

Arabia and Ethiopia  

Christian Julien Robin

Print publication date:
Oct 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article discusses the strong links between Arabia and Ethiopia in Late Antiquity. These links were primarily commercial and cultural, but sometimes also political. The Ethiopians ... More

Arabic Biography  

Faustina Doufikar-Aerts

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Jan 2021
This chapter examines the Arabic biographical tradition. The genre of biographical writing is a celebrated, multifaceted, and widely practised field of Arabic literature. Basic forms of ... More

Arable Farming, Horticulture, and Food: Expansion, Innovation, and Diversity  

Marijke Van der Veen

Print publication date:
Sep 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
The archaeobotanical evidence for food and farming in Roman Britain reveals continuity in the two principal cereals grown, but a marked increase in the scale of arable production in ... More

Archaeology  

Henry Hurst

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The idea of classifying archaeology as a ‘tool’ alongside prosopography, metre, and numismatics, while ‘culture change’, ‘urbanism’, and ‘fall and transitions’ are classified under ... More

Armenia  

Tim Greenwood

Print publication date:
Oct 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article discusses Armenian history in Late Antiquity. It considers the multiple and varied influences upon all aspects of Armenian society and culture, from far-reaching decisions made ... More

Armenian Biography in Late Antiquity  

S. Peter Cowe

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Jan 2021
This chapter discusses the diverse Armenian biographical material, which was transmitted directly or indirectly in written form and hence dependent on the existence of a writing system. ... More

Arming Romans for Battle  

Duncan B. Campbell

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter reports on the understanding on Roman armor, specifically discussing the development of Roman arms and armor. Archaeology offers actual examples of Roman arms and armor. Polybius ... More

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