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Acceptance and Adaptation of Byzantine Architectural Types in the “Byzantine Commonwealth”  

Mark J. Johnson

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Nov 2021
This chapter provides an introduction to the influence of Byzantine architecture on its neighbors, in particular in Bulgaria, Serbia, medieval Rus’, and the Veneto and the Norman Kingdom of ... More

Adult Appearances?: The Representation of Children and Childhood in Medieval Art  

Sophie Oosterwijk

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Jun 2018
It is often assumed that children do not really occur in medieval art. The problem for researchers is not so much one of finding representations of childhood, but of recognizing them. ... More

Amulets, Crosses, and Reliquaries  

Brigitte Pitarakis

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Nov 2021
The Byzantines deployed an array of spiritual weapons for worship and protection, revealing links in the function and decoration of Christian amulets and private objects of devotion. The ... More

An Anarchéologie of Icons  

Glenn Peers

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter examines the development of a distinctive early Christian genre: the icon. It does so by taking a relatively unknown, but important, example of a devotional panel in a U.S. ... More

Ancient Stone Sculptures: In Search of the Mexica Past  

Eduardo Matos Moctezuma

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
This chapter discusses the Mexica monumental sculptures uncovered in downtown Mexico City during the late eighteenth century, including the Coatlicue and Tlaltecuhtli sculptures, and the ... More

Animate Shadows of Bears and Giants  

Kevin Conti and William H. Walker

Print publication date:
Dec 2021
Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This chapter explores the performance of light and shadows in two ancestral Pueblo rock art sites in southeast Utah. These sites possess anthropomorphic rock faces and modified features to ... More

The Archaeology of Early Italian Churches in Context, 313–569 CE  

Alexandra Chavarría Arnau

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The archaeology of early Christian churches has made important advancements in recent decades in Italy thanks to a large number of new excavations and scientific meetings, as well as the ... More

Archaeology: Sites and Approaches  

Eric A. Ivison

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Nov 2021
This chapter presents an overview of the history, practice and results of Byzantine archaeology in modern Greece and Turkey. Originating in Classical and Early Christian archaeology, and ... More

Armenia  

Christina Maranci

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Nov 2021
A study of medieval Armenian painting, church architecture, bas-relief sculpture, and other media demonstrates close attention to, and reception of, the art and culture of the Byzantine ... More

Art for the Living  

J. D. Lewis-Williams

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
This article outlines the development of approaches to modern human behaviour and, especially, Upper Palaeolithic art. It argues that researchers should not focus on intelligence to the exclusion of ... More

Art in the Aztec Empire  

Emily Umberger

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Archaeological remains testify to the spread of goods and ideas over broad areas of Mesoamerica at different times throughout its prehispanic history. However, most material expansions are ... More

The Art of the Catacombs  

Fabrizio Bisconti

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The art of the catacombs was born in Rome between the second and third centuries and is manifested especially in the pictorial decorations of the cubicula and other hypogeal environments. ... More

Art of the Classic Period  

Rex Koontz

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The Mesoamerican Classic period (ca. 250–900 ad ) is characterized by the expansion of urban elite artistic cultures across the region. The basic characteristics of Classic-period elite ... More

Art on the northern edge of the Mediterranean world  

Martin Guggisberg

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
This chapter examines the relationship between art and society in Iron Age Europe, with a focus on Celtic art. It begins by asking what constituted ‘art’ in this context, what was its ... More

Aztec Art after the Conquest and in Museums Abroad  

Ray Hernández Durán

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Following the Spanish Conquest, responses to Aztec art were varied. While architecture and many sacred sculptures were demolished and their material remains recycled into new construction, ... More

Aztec Art, Time, and Cosmovisión  

William Barnes

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Aztec religion and the Central Mexican divinatory calendar were intrinsically linked. Focusing on the Aztec conception of art and artists, this chapter presents an overview of how art Aztec ... More

Aztec Lapidaries  

Cynthia L. Otis Charlton and Alejandro Pastrana

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Objects of Aztec lapidary work carry great visual impact in contrast to their relatively scarce actual numbers. A combination of historical documents and modern locational techniques has ... More

Aztec Pictography and Painted Histories  

Elizabeth Hill Boone

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
The Aztecs recorded knowledge and wrote down the historical events of their past in painted books, now called codices, in which historical information was encoded in a pictographic writing ... More

The Beautiful Face of Ra: The Role of Sunlight in the Architecture of Ancient Egypt  

Giulio Magli

Print publication date:
Dec 2021
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
In the famous projects of ancient Egyptian architecture, sunlight had always a special role. An expert use of light and shadows helped in creating halls filled with sacredness in many ... More

Bodies Revealed: X-ray Art in Western Arnhem Land  

Luke Taylor

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Mar 2017
This chapter examines X-ray art in western Arnhem Land in northern Australia, considering how relatively contemporary artists used it to enrich the meaning of their work. After discussing ... More

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