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Agential Realism—A Relation Ontology Interpretation of Quantum Physics  

Karen Barad

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
A relational ontology interpretation of quantum physics, based on a reconstruction and further elaboration of Niels Bohr’s philosophy-physics, offers an account of quantum physics that ... More

The Axiomatization of Quantum Theory Through Functional Analysis: Hilbert, von Neumann, and Beyond  

Klaas Landsman

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
Quantum theory and functional analysis were created and put into essentially their final form during similar periods ending around 1930. Each was also a key outcome of the major revolutions ... More

Bohr and the Epistemological Lesson of Quantum Mechanics  

Stefano Osnaghi

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
While Bohr developed his views independently of any direct philosophical influence, his reflection on the relationship between epistemology and semantics was remarkably in phase with the ... More

A Brief Historical Perspective on the Consistent Histories Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics  

Gustavo Rodrigues Rocha, Dean Rickles, and Florian J. Boge

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
It will be presented in this chapter a historical account of the consistent histories interpretation of quantum mechanics based on primary and secondary literature. Firstly, the formalism ... More

Chien-Shiung Wu’s Contributions to Experimental Philosophy  

Indianara Silva

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
This chapter explores Chien-Shiung Wu’s contributions to experimental philosophy in American twentieth-century physics. While the Wu-Shaknov (WS) experiment helped reopen discussions on the ... More

Classical and quantum optics  

Carlo W. J. Beenakker

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This article focuses on applications of random matrix theory (RMT) to both classical optics and quantum optics, with emphasis on optical systems such as disordered wave guides and chaotic ... More

The Co-creation of Classical and Modern Physics and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics  

Richard Staley

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
This chapter examines physicists’ uses of concepts of classical and modern after the 1911 Solvay Council. British physicists soon recognised a significant challenge to ‘classical ... More

Combining simulations and physical observations to estimate cosmological parameters  

Dave Higdon, Katrin Heitmann, Charles Nakhleh, and Salman Habib

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This article focuses on the use of a Bayesian approach that combines simulations and physical observations to estimate cosmological parameters. It begins with an overview of the Λ-cold dark ... More

Condensed matter physics  

Carlo W. J. Beenakker

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This article discusses some applications of concepts from random matrix theory (RMT) to condensed matter physics, with emphasis on phenomena, predicted or explained by RMT, that have ... More

Copenhagen and Niels Bohr  

Anja Skaar Jacobsen

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
This chapter addresses the question of how the Danish capital Copenhagen became the embodiment of the philosophical implications of quantum physics, and it discusses some of Niels Bohr’s ... More

The Copenhagen Interpretation  

Don Howard

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
The term, “Copenhagen Interpretation,” is used to designate a set of ideas associated with leading thinkers clustered around Niels Bohr and the Bohr Institute in Copenhagen. Foremost among ... More

Dead as a Doornail? Zero-Point Energy and Low-Temperature Physics in Early Quantum Theory  

Helge Kragh

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
According to quantum mechanics, an oscillator at zero absolute temperature will continue to vibrate with a zero-point energy. This non-classical phenomenon was predicted by Max Planck in ... More

The Early Debates about the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics  

Martin Jähnert and Christoph Lehner

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
One of the most striking features of the development of quantum mechanics is the intensity of the debate about its physical meaning that accompanied its development. The dissent laid in the ... More

Early Japanese Reactions to the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, 1927–1943  

Kenji Ito

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
This chapter investigates how Japanese scientists and other intellectuals responded to foundational questions of quantum mechanics from the late 1920s to the early 1940s. Avoiding a ... More

Early Solvay Councils: Rhetorical Lenses for Quantum Convergence and Divergence  

José G. Perillán

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
For over one-hundred years, Solvay Councils have brought to Brussels some of the world’s most prominent scientists to interrogate seemingly intractable problems. These elite conferences ... More

Einstein’s Criticism of Quantum Mechanics  

Michel Paty

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
After having played a fundamental pioneer role in the birth of quantum physics by unveiling non classical properties and formulating a first coherent theoretical approach, Einstein was far ... More

Einstein, Bohm, and Bell: A Comedy of Errors  

Jean Bricmont

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
We will show that the views of Einstein (and of Podolsky and Rosen), Bohm and Bell about “hidden variables” and nonlocality have been systematically misrepresented and misunderstood by a ... More

The Evolving Understanding of Quantum Statistics  

Daniela Monaldi

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
The change that quantum statistics produced in the concept of microphysical entities was not the result of an experimental discovery, a logical inference, nor a choice between preformed ... More

Form and Meaning: Textbooks, Pedagogy, and the Canonical Genres of Quantum Mechanics  

Josep Simon

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
Textbooks are both classic and subaltern subjects in the history of quantum physics. They featured prominently in path-breaking projects such as Sources for History of Quantum Physics and ... More

Foundations and Applications: The Creative Tension in the Early Development of Quantum Mechanics  

Christian Joas

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
May 2022
This chapter presents arguments for why and how what often are considered mere applications of the new formalism in the early phase of the development of quantum mechanics is relevant to ... More

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