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Ancient Greek and Roman Sport  

Donald G. Kyle

Print publication date:
May 2017
Online publication date:
May 2017
To demonstrate the growth and sophistication of ancient sport studies, this chapter surveys Greek athletics and Roman spectacles from their origins to their overlap in the Roman Empire. It ... More

Animal Events  

Donald G. Kyle

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
Animal events, shows and hunts of beasts (venationes), were prominent, popular, and enduring Roman entertainments. Modern debates concerning ecology and animals have increased interest, and ... More

Animal Supply  

Michael MacKinnon

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
Animals of all types, be these domestic or wild, native or exotic, were routinely required for spectacles and events in the Graeco-Roman world, most notably, perhaps, in the context of the ... More

Athletes and Trainers  

Jason König

Print publication date:
Dec 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Athletic activity was a major preoccupation of the Greek elite in the imperial period. This chapter looks at the relationship between athletic and intellectual activity, focusing especially ... More

Athletic Contests in Contexts of Epic and Other Related Archaic Texts  

Gregory Nagy

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
The ritual ordeal of the athlete re-enacts the ordeals of the warrior, and, like heroic deeds, athletic activity compensates for the athlete’s mortality as the athlete figuratively dies a ... More

Athletic Images and the Monumentalization of Victory  

Wendy J. Raschke

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
The monuments created by the Greeks to celebrate victories were of many kinds, as were the victories celebrated. The focus of the present discussion is monuments associated with success in ... More

Athletic Participation, Training, and Adolescent Education  

David M. Pritchard

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
In Classical Athens athletics consisted of the sporting contests that were staged as part of festivals and the classes of an athletics teacher. Lessons in the standard sporting events were ... More

Circuses and Hippodromes  

Peter J. Holliday

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
The circus was the grandest of all sites in antiquity for public spectacles. Focusing on the development of its form reveals its origins in Greek hippodromes and Etruscan arenas for ... More

Coins  

Nathan T. Elkins

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
The evidence provided by coins has not been systematically incorporated in studies of ancient sport and spectacle. Coins are a source material as important as other documentary and visual ... More

The Colosseum  

Hazel Dodge

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
This chapter provides an overview of the uses and structural history of the Colosseum, the largest amphitheatre constructed in the Roman world. Romans knew it as the ‘Amphitheatrum ... More

Combat Sports and Gladiatorial Combat in Greek and Roman Private Art  

Shelby Brown

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
The private art of violent Greek and Roman competitions shows iconic moments commemorated by ordinary fans and a wealthy elite. The depictions assume a viewer who understands the rules and ... More

Contests in Context: Gladiatorial Inscriptions and Graffiti  

Anne Hrychuk Kontokosta

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
Inscriptions, dating mostly to the second and third centuries ce, and graffiti offer first-hand perspectives on the lives of gladiators and the organization of Roman spectacles. Examples ... More

Cult and Competition  

Matthew J. P. Dillon

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
Ancient Greek festivals honoured the gods with sacrifice, procession, and frequently with contests of an athletic nature. While these competitions were watched by hundreds and sometimes ... More

Curse Tablets  

Alexander Hollmann

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
In Greco-Roman antiquity the intense competition (agōn) between opponents in the sporting arena was echoed by an equally fierce competition of magical materials inside and outside the ... More

The Decline and Fall of Spectacle  

Paul Milliman

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
This article analyses the decline and fall of most forms of Roman spectacle in Late Antiquity, as the empire contracted in some places and collapsed in others. It explores the evolution and ... More

Economic Aspects of Athletic Competition in the Archaic and Classical Age  

Lucia D'Amore

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
An economic study of the Panhellenic contests in the archaic and classical periods requires an analysis of the relationship between economics, politics, and society of the Greek cities from ... More

Epinikion, Kudos, and Criticism  

Leslie Kurke

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
This chapter considers the genre of professional epinikion (choral poems composed on commission to celebrate athletic victories), inquiring into the socio-cultural motivations for the ... More

Etruscan Events  

Jean-Paul Thuillier

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
Sports are a well-represented motif in Etruscan iconography since the Orientalizing Period, with a predilection for horse racing and boxing bouts performed to music. Contrary to current ... More

Games in the Republic: Performance and Space  

Alison Futrell

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
From its earliest days, Roman spectacle served a range of social and political ends; even as these shared experiences solidified group identity and channelled public emotions toward ... More

Gender and Sexuality in Greek Sport  

Thomas F. Scanlon

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
Greek sport was in its earliest forms and predominantly thereafter a male activity. Greek masculine virtues were consistently reflected in texts discussing sport from Homer onward. The ... More

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