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Angkor: A Provisional Map History of Greater Angkor from Ancestry to Transformation  

Roland Fletcher and Christophe Pottier

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
The development of Angkor from the sixth to the sixteenth century derived from two separate, low-density towns with dispersed residence, Bhavapura (around Ak Yum) (sixth to eighth century) ... More

The Archaeogenetics of Southeast Asia  

Pedro Soares, Maru Mormina, Teresa Rito, and Martin B. Richards

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
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Feb 2022
The settlement of Southeast Asia has traditionally been discussed by scholars in terms of the spread of rice agriculture and the Austronesian and Austro-Asiatic language families. While ... More

Cereals of Southeast Asia  

Dorian Q. Fuller and Cristina Castillo

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
Rice is the most important cereal in Southeast Asia today. Archaeobotanical evidence in mainland Southeast Asia suggests that this has been the case over the past three and a half ... More

Champa  

William A. Southworth

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
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Feb 2022
This chapter discusses the current state of archaeological research on the Champa culture of central Vietnam. Although recognized since the late nineteenth century, Champa is still far ... More

The Civilizations of Central and East Java and Bali  

John N. Miksic

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
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Feb 2022
In the eighth century, a new center of economic, political, and artistic achievement arose in central Java. The major remnants of this period are the Buddhist monument of Borobudur and the ... More

The Co Loa Polity in Northern Vietnam  

Nam C. Kim

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
This chapter deals with the archaeological record for the settlement of Co Loa, located in present-day Vietnam’s Red River Delta, and the society responsible for its founding and ... More

Coastal Settlement in Thailand  

Charles F. W. Higham

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
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Feb 2022
During the last Ice Age, the sea level was over 100 meters lower than at present, and a vast low-lying continent, known as Sundaland, stretched from the Gulf of Siam to northern Borneo and ... More

Community and Kinship during the Transition to Agriculture in Northern Vietnam  

Damien Huffer, R. Alexander Bentley, and Marc F. Oxenham

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
This study investigates how social organization and mobility changed during the Neolithic Demographic Transition (NDT) in northern Vietnam. Dental nonmetric traits were assessed for ... More

Community Engagement and Cultural Heritage in Southeast Asian Archaeology  

Stephen Acabado, Adam Lauer, and Marlon Martin

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
The diverse archaeology and colonial history of Southeast Asia have influenced ideas of cultural heritage. From policy to general perception to academic discourse, discussions of cultural ... More

The Dian Culture in Southwest China  

TzeHuey Chiou-Peng

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
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Feb 2022
The excavations of Bronze Age sites in the Central Lake region of Yunnan have resulted in a wealth of burial goods, including bronze kettledrums and cowrie vessels from the Shizhaishan ... More

The Dong Son Culture of Vietnam  

Nam C. Kim

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
This chapter deals with the archaeological record of the Dongson Culture, which dates to the first millennium BC and is located in the northern region of present-day Vietnam. Renowned for ... More

The Early Settlement of Island Southeast Asia  

Graeme Barker

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
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Feb 2022
This chapter discusses the evidence for the initial phases of settlement of Island Southeast sia by people, beginning with “archaic” humans (or “hominins”) with recognizably human ... More

Early States in Myanmar  

Bob Hudson

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Mar 2022
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Feb 2022
Following centuries of settlement intensification in Upper Myanmar (Burma) during the Iron Age, urban centers, many enclosed by brick walls, began to appear in the early centuries of the ... More

Early States in Thailand: dvāravatī  

Wesley Clarke and Matthew Gallon

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
“Dvāravatī” is the term applied to an early historic cultural expression in the region of Thailand that, despite 130 years of scholarly investigation, remains poorly understood in many ... More

Early States of Insular Southeast Asia  

Pierre-Yves Manguin

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
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Feb 2022
During the mid-first millennium AD period considered in this chapter, a variety of polities along the coasts of the western façade of Insular Southeast Asia, all of them with long-standing ... More

The Expansion of Farmers into Island Southeast Asia  

Peter Bellwood

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
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Feb 2022
This chapter discusses the spread by migration of Neolithic farmers from southern China and Taiwan into and through the islands of Southeast Asia between 4000 and 3000 years ago. Data are ... More

The Expansion of Rice and Millet Farmers into Southeast Asia  

Fiorella Rispoli

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
In East Asia similar late-Pleistocenic adaptive processes prompted groups of hunter-gathers to make baked clay containers to process certain dietary components, including nutritious wild ... More

Farming, social change, and state formation in Southeast Asia  

Charles F. W. Higham

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Farming in Southeast Asia is dominated two major crops, rice and millet, and domestic pigs, cattle, water buffalo, chickens, and dogs. The domestication of these species took place in ... More

The Hoabinhian: The Late and Post-Pleistocene Cultural Systems of Southeast Asia  

Rasmi Shoocongdej

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
This chapter reviews the current state of knowledge regarding the Hoabinhian in the context of Southeast Asian prehistory, including the variability and distribution of Hoabinhian sites and ... More

Homo floresiensis  

Matthew Tocheri, E. Grace Veatch, Jatmiko, E. Wahyu Saptomo, and Thomas Sutikna

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Feb 2022
Homo floresiensis—the holotype of which stood ~106 cm tall, weighed ~27.5 kg, and had a brain ~426 cm3—is the taxonomic name given to hominin remains discovered in Late ... More

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