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Accidently Insecure  

Peter Hough

Print publication date:
Feb 2021
Online publication date:
Mar 2021
This chapter investigates why accidents are rarely construed as matters of security and considers the case for giving greater recognition to accidental insecurity in international law and ... More

Accountability  

Mathias Koenig-Archibugi

Print publication date:
Nov 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter examines the issue of accountability in relation to international organizations (IOs). The research questions deserving most intense theoretical and empirical attention are, ... More

Action Against Host States of Terrorist Groups  

Lindsay Moir

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Jun 2016
This chapter examines the problems that could arise when a state invokes self-defence to justify action against terrorist groups in another state. It first considers indirect armed attack ... More

Admission and Establishment  

Ignacio Gómez-palacio and Peter Muchlinski

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article outlines the major legal and policy issues that the development of rights to admission and establishment raise under international law. It begins with an assessment of the ... More

Afghanistan  

Veronica L. Taylor

Print publication date:
Sep 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This chapter addresses international law in Afghanistan. States where the ‘post-conflict’ period is, in fact, a series of continuing sub-national conflicts, are often coded as ‘failed’ or ... More

Africa  

James Thuo Gathii

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter traces the two major trends in thinking about Africa’s engagement with international law from a historical perspective: ‘contributionists’ who emphasize Africa’s contributions ... More

Africa  

Folarin Shyllon

Print publication date:
Jul 2020
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter describes cultural heritage law and management in Africa. Whether in the field of tangible and intangible heritage or the domain of movable and immovable cultural heritage, ... More

Africa and International Criminal Law  

Christopher Gevers

Print publication date:
Feb 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
This chapter argues that contemporary accounts of Africa and International Criminal Law (ICL), divergent and acrimonious as may be, generally rely on a foreshortened history of this ... More

“Africa Needs Many Lawyers Trained for the Need of Their Peoples”: Struggles over Legal Education in Kwame Nkrumah’s Ghana  

John Harrington and Ambreena Manji

Online publication date:
Apr 2021
In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the setting up of university law schools in many African nations led to often bitter battles over the purpose of legal education. The stakes in these ... More

Africa north of the sahara and arab countries  

Fatiha Sahli and Abdelmalek El Ouazzani

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter argues that the impact of Islam on the contribution of North Africa in the production of the norms of international law has been but relative. It must be associated with ... More

The African Union: Security Governance under the African Peace and Security Architecture  

Jerusha Asin Owino

Print publication date:
Feb 2021
Online publication date:
Mar 2021
This chapter describes the security regime of the African Union(AU) mandated to promote peace and stability under the AU: the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) established in ... More

Aggression  

Claus Kreß

Print publication date:
Feb 2021
Online publication date:
Mar 2021
This chapter discusses the concept of aggression. Article 39, the opening clause of the United Nations Charter’s collective security system, contains the term ‘act of aggression’, the ... More

Air Warfare  

Michael N. Schmitt

Print publication date:
Mar 2014
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
Military air operations remain the domain least regulated by international law. This chapter begins by discussing the history of air operations, including efforts to develop the law of air ... More

Alberico Gentili (1552–1608)  

Merio Scattola

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter examines Alberico Gentili’s life and teaching; Gentili and the history of international law; and Gentili and the doctrine of war. In Oxford, Alberico Gentili wrote a large ... More

Alternative Dispute Settlement Mechanisms  

Alessandro Chechi

Print publication date:
Jul 2020
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter examines existing ‘Alternative Dispute Resolution’ (ADR) options—such as negotiation, mediation, conciliation, and arbitration—with a view to assessing their efficacy in ... More

An Appellate System in International Investment Arbitration?  

Asif H. Qureshi

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
In an international investment system wherein an external conflict resolution system is shopped for as and when needed, the introduction of an appellate system in International Centre for ... More

Applicable Law  

Ole Spiermann

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article seeks to analyse the development of the relationship between different systems and rules of law as the applicable law of an investment dispute. It identifies a few aspects of ... More

Appointment of Arbitrators  

Jan Paulsson

Print publication date:
Sep 2020
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter details the process of the appointment of arbitrators. In modern usage, arbitration is binding, and anything else created by ... More

Arbitral Jurisdiction  

Alex Mills

Print publication date:
Sep 2020
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter examines the concept and source of arbitral jurisdiction. In the context of arbitration, the term ‘jurisdiction’ typically refers to ... More

The Arbitral Legal Order: Evolution and recognition  

Emmanuel Gaillard

Print publication date:
Sep 2020
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter focuses on the three representations of international arbitration, which attempt to explain which state, or states, provides ... More

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