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Amnesties and Truth Commissions  

Jeremy Julian Sarkin

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
This chapter focuses on the, so far neglected, role of truth commissions in amnesty processes. It first examines what amnesties and truth commissions are and explores how past amnesties ... More

Armed Conflict and Atrocities: Understanding Power Dynamics  

Jolle Demmers

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
To gain insight into the power dynamics of atrocities, one needs to examine (i) how and why atrocities become functional to potential entrepreneurs of violence, as well as (ii) the formal ... More

Atrocity Crimes and Ecocide: Interrelations between Armed Conflict, Violence, and Harm to the Environment  

Daan P. van Uhm

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
This chapter focuses on the interrelationship between atrocity crimes and anthropogenic environmental degradation. The environment as cause, tool, and victim of armed conflict will be ... More

Atrocity Crimes as a Different Type of Crime?  

Mark A. Drumbl

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
This chapter posits that conceptual and experiential differences arise (and abound) between atrocity crime and ordinary common crime. Atrocity crime, in particular discrimination-based ... More

Beyond Rape: Reconceptualizing Gender-Based Violence During Warfare  

Gabrielle Ferrales and Suzy Maves McElrath

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
Gender-based violence is one of the oldest sustaining features of war but has received significant scholarly attention only in the past two decades. Much of this work, however, focuses ... More

Case Study: Black Homicide Victimization in Toronto, Ontario, Canada  

Sara K. Thompson

Most criminological theory and research on the black homicide victimization is grounded in the American context, which raises important generalizability issues given the exceptional level ... More

Child Abuse  

Kathleen Malley-Morrison and Denise A. Hines

Print publication date:
Aug 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article summarizes current knowledge concerning child abuse in the United States. It discusses major approaches to assess the incidence and prevalence of child abuse, including the ... More

Child Soldiers  

Myriam Denov and Anaïs Cadieux Van Vliet

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
This chapter explores the complex phenomenon of child soldiers—in theory and in practice. The chapter begins by outlining the international legal instruments aimed at preventing the use of ... More

Choosing Street Crime  

Richard Wright and Volkan Topalli

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
People who commit burglary, robbery, carjacking, and other serious predatory street crimes are disproportionately young, poor, and male. Notwithstanding the strong link between these ... More

Contemporary Gang Ethnographies  

Scott H. Decker and David Pyrooz

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
Until the middle of the twentieth century, research on gangs was ethnographic in nature, with a strong journalistic approach. However, there has been a shift in the ethnographic study of ... More

Crime Trends  

Eric Baumer

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses key methodological issues that are germane to understanding some of the parameters for developing a sound knowledge base on temporal crime patterns. It then surveys ... More

Crimes Against Humanity and Transitional Justice in Ethiopia (1935–2020)  

Thijs B. Bouwknegt and Tadesse Simie Metekia

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
Ethiopia has experienced a gamut of mass atrocity violence over the last century. Colonial, political, and ethnic violence have been cyclical phenomena and have often escalated into mass ... More

Crimes against Humanity in Indonesia (1965–1966)  

Jess Melvin and Annie Pohlman

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
This chapter provides a case study of crimes against humanity committed in Indonesia in 1965–1966. In October 1965, the Indonesian military took over the government and mobilized national ... More

Customary Responses  

Joanna R. Quinn

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
One approach to dealing with conflict and atrocity has been the use of traditional or customary practices. Such practices are well beyond the scope of most discussions of transitional ... More

Democracies, Dictatorial Regimes, and Atrocities  

Maartje Weerdesteijn

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
A lot of research has been done on the relationship between regime type and mass atrocities and other human rights violations. The field has been hampered, however, by the diverse ... More

Detention, Torture, Disappearance: The Crimes of Atrocious Organizations  

Susanne Karstedt

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
This contribution focuses on the organized, corporate, and bureaucratic nature of atrocity crimes and the “atrocious organization,” where atrocities have become an established part of ... More

Domestic Violence  

Denise A. Hines

Print publication date:
Aug 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article presents data on the prevalence of domestic violence and trends over time. It discusses five major analytical frameworks that have been employed to understand domestic ... More

Firearm Violence  

Philip J. Cook and Jens Ludwig

Print publication date:
Aug 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article begins by characterizing the nature and scope of the gun violence problem, including a discussion of the potential benefit from use of guns in self-defense. The next section is ... More

Forced Migrants and Atrocity Crimes  

Victoria Colvin and Phil Orchard

Print publication date:
Mar 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
Over the past twenty years, there has been a growth in international mechanisms to protect forced migrants who are victims of atrocity crimes. Within international criminal law, forced ... More

Gender, Sex, and Intimate-Partner Violence in Historical Perspective  

Randolph Roth

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
Violence involving intimate partners may appear at first glance to be an intractable problem. But the character and incidence of intimate-partner violence have varied dramatically among ... More

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