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Activist Christians, the Human Rights Movement, and Democratization in Latin America  

Nick Rowell

Print publication date:
Mar 2020
Online publication date:
Mar 2020
This chapter is a critical literature review of recent social science research describing and analyzing the participation of Christian churches in various phases of the human rights ... More

Anglo‐American Post‐modernity and the End of Theology— Science Dialogue?  

Nancey Murphy

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article describes emerging patterns in Anglo-American philosophy that represent radical breaks from the thought patterns of Enlightened modernity, and spells out consequences of these ... More

Anthropology and Religion  

Michael Lambek

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Once people accept the historical emergence and spread of science as a unique discursive formation, it becomes nonsense to talk about the relationship between religion and science, or ... More

Atheism and Cognitive Science  

Jonathan Lanman

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
The findings of the cognitive sciences enrich our understanding of atheism by providing a more nuanced and empirically grounded concept of ‘belief’ and by problematizing psychological ... More

Atheism and Darwinism  

David P. Barash

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Although evolution by natural selection does not necessarily disprove the existence of God (thus, it does not ‘prove’ the validity of atheism), it negates two of the more potent ... More

Atheism and Science  

Peter Atkins

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Science is the only path to understanding. It would be contaminated rather than enriched by any alliance with religion. Such should be the attitude of a scientifically alert atheist. This ... More

Atheism and the Physical Sciences  

Victor J. Stenger

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
While belief in gods was almost universal in the ancient world, Thales of Miletus introduced the notion that observed phenomena could be explained in natural terms without invoking imagined ... More

Atheism and the Rise of Science  

Taner Edis

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Atheists, conservative theists, and religious liberals often read the history of science in ways that support their own position. Atheists expect continual mutual support between science ... More

Atheism, Health, and Well-Being  

Karen Hwang

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The last few years have seen a great deal of research on the association between religion, spirituality, and medical outcomes. This research has not been without controversy however, in ... More

Attitudes to Nature in the Hebrew Bible and the Ancient Near East  

Ronald A. Simkins

Print publication date:
Jun 2022
Online publication date:
Apr 2022
With the publication of Lynn White Jr.’s seminal essay, the biblical attitude to nature became a scholarly concern. Initial work had an apologetic bent, defending the Bible against misuse ... More

The Bible and Animal Theology  

David L. Clough

Print publication date:
Jun 2022
Online publication date:
Apr 2022
Attention to the place of animals in the Bible has been significant in provoking new Christian theological understandings of the place of animals. Theologians bringing the question of the ... More

The Bible and Ecotheology: A Jewish Perspective  

Julia Watts Belser

Print publication date:
Jun 2022
Online publication date:
Apr 2022
Contemporary Jewish ecotheology frequently grapples with three theological challenges that emerge from traditional readings of Genesis 1: the notion of a conflict between God and nature, ... More

The Bible and Environmental Ethics  

Celia Deane-Drummond

Print publication date:
Jun 2022
Online publication date:
Apr 2022
This chapter seeks to address the implicit and explicit implications of biblical scholarship for environmental ethics. It begins by examining the cultural world in which the biblical ... More

The Bible and Wildlife Conservation  

Dave Bookless

Print publication date:
Jun 2022
Online publication date:
Apr 2022
The Christian Bible, and theologies derived from it, have been accused of legitimizing the exploitation and destruction of nature. This chapter examines the textual evidence, concluding ... More

Biotechnology and the Religion—Science Discussion  

Ronald Cole‐Turner

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
While giving attention to the embryo question and indeed to the meaning of ‘playing God’, this article surveys more generally some religiously significant aspects of recent genetics and ... More

The Book of Job  

Kathryn Schifferdecker

Print publication date:
Jun 2022
Online publication date:
Apr 2022
The whirlwind speeches at the end of the book of Job (38–41) provide an essential “voice” in the conversation about Bible and ecology. Job asks the question, “What are human beings?” (Job ... More

Buddhism and Science  

B. Alan Wallace

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
While Buddhism is often referred to as a ‘non-theistic religion’, it has the potential to play a unique mediating role between theistic religions, with their emphasis on faith and divine ... More

Christianity and Science  

John Polkinghorne

Print publication date:
Apr 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Christian theology has always resisted a Manichaean opposition between God and the world, believing that the universe is God's creation. All forms of rational inquiry into aspects of ... More

City as Sustainable Environment  

Mary E. Mills

Print publication date:
Jun 2022
Online publication date:
Apr 2022
This chapter offers a basic definition of sustainability as used in environmental ethics before exploring defining the biblical category of city as “walled enclave.” It examines images of ... More

Climate Skepticism, Politics, and the Bible  

Benjamin S. Lowe, Rachel L. Lamb, and Noah J. Toly

Print publication date:
Jun 2022
Online publication date:
Apr 2022
This chapter examines the use of Christian scripture by some who doubt the reality, anthropogenesis, or seriousness of climate change. It offers an overview of public opinion surveys and ... More

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