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Abbreviations and Symbols  

Nikolaos Gonis

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The first part of this article deals with abbreviations found in Greek documentary papyri and ostraca. The documents in which abbreviation is rife are predominantly those produced on a ... More

Accounting in Proto-Cuneiform  

Robert K. Englund

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the accounting methods in proto-cuneiform during the archaic period. It discusses the importance of archaic numerical and metrological systems as elements of social ... More

Adapting to New Contexts: Cuneiform in Anatolia  

Mark Weeden

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on cuneiform and scribal education in Anatolia. It attempts to trace some of the developments in the corpus of knowledge and training when it let the confines of its ... More

Agriculture and Farming  

Zeev Safrai

Print publication date:
Aug 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article presents a survey of research in farming and agriculture. It discusses the extent the economy was open that involved export and import. It then demonstrates how the local ... More

Agriculture as Civilization: Sages, Farmers, and Barbarians  

F.A.M. Wiggermann

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the role of farmers and sages in the history of cuneiform writing in ancient Mesopotamia. It explains that when cuneiform writing was invented at the end of the fourth ... More

The Ancient Book  

William A. Johnson

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
From the beginnings of Greek written literature until deep into the Roman era, a “book” was fashioned by taking a premanufactured papyrus roll, writing out the text, attaching additional ... More

Ancient Written Sources for Engineering and Technology  

Serafina Cuomo

Print publication date:
Dec 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article tries to illustrate an idea of the range of extant ancient textual sources for engineering and technology. It also presents a broad outline of how the production of texts ... More

Animal Events  

Donald G. Kyle

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
Animal events, shows and hunts of beasts (venationes), were prominent, popular, and enduring Roman entertainments. Modern debates concerning ecology and animals have increased interest, and ... More

Animal Husbandry, Hunting, Fishing, and Fish Production  

Geoffrey Kron

Print publication date:
Dec 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Archaeozoological research provides impressive, long-neglected evidence for the technical sophistication and productivity of Greco-Roman animal husbandry. A case can be made that the ... More

Animal Supply  

Michael MacKinnon

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
Animals of all types, be these domestic or wild, native or exotic, were routinely required for spectacles and events in the Graeco-Roman world, most notably, perhaps, in the context of the ... More

Arabic Papyri and Islamic Egypt  

Petra M. Sijpesteijn

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The Arabs enjoyed a long-standing acquaintance with papyrus and its benefits. Papyrus and other traditional media, such as ostraca, leather, parchment, textiles, stone, and bone, were ... More

Archives and Dossiers  

Katelijn Vandorpe

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Documentary papyri describe ancient people. Where unrelated texts are like instant snapshots, archives present a coherent film of a person, a family, or a community and may span several ... More

Arts and Crafts, Manufacture and Production  

Uzi Leibner

Print publication date:
Aug 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article deals with Jewish arts and crafts and manufacture and production. It first introduces the sources used to shed more light on the crafts, manufacture, and production industries ... More

Athletic Contests in Contexts of Epic and Other Related Archaic Texts  

Gregory Nagy

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
The ritual ordeal of the athlete re-enacts the ordeals of the warrior, and, like heroic deeds, athletic activity compensates for the athlete’s mortality as the athlete figuratively dies a ... More

Athletic Images and the Monumentalization of Victory  

Wendy J. Raschke

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
The monuments created by the Greeks to celebrate victories were of many kinds, as were the victories celebrated. The focus of the present discussion is monuments associated with success in ... More

Athletic Participation, Training, and Adolescent Education  

David M. Pritchard

Print publication date:
Sep 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2021
In Classical Athens athletics consisted of the sporting contests that were staged as part of festivals and the classes of an athletics teacher. Lessons in the standard sporting events were ... More

Berossos between Tradition and Innovation  

Geert De Breucker

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article aims to contribute to the study of Babylonian traditions in Berossos' time and to reveal how a native Babylonian conceived the history of his culture at that period. It ... More

Books and Literacy  

Wolfgang Rösler

Print publication date:
Aug 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Undeniably, in the course of time, texts and readers became more prominent. Yet, as this article explains, all ancient texts remain part of a larger cultural context that is different from ... More

Ceramic Production  

Mark Jackson and Kevin Greene

Print publication date:
Dec 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Applying the labels “Greek” and “Roman” to the study of ceramic technology from 700 bc to ad 500 involves profound problems of cultural labeling. The study of Greek and Roman ceramics ... More

Changing Images of Kingship in Sumerian Literature  

Nicole Brisch

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines changes in the images of kingship in Sumerian literature, particularly in the hymns, myths, and narratives of the late third and early second millennia bc. It ... More

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