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Adjectives and Event Structure  

Rebekah Baglini and Christopher Kennedy

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
This chapter investigates the relationship between adjectives and event structure by looking at properties of deverbal adjectives and deadjectival verbs. Although simple adjectives are not ... More

Adverbials  

Monika Rathert

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article describes the different types of temporal adverbial, interactions of adverbials and tense, and tense and adverbials in subordinate clauses. From a morphosyntactic view, there ... More

Case in Formal Semantics  

Helen de Hoop and Joost Zwarts

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Case has not received a lot of attention from formal semanticists, probably because the approach has mostly focused on languages with relatively sparse case systems. This article examines ... More

Case, Grammatical Relations, and Semantic Roles  

Beatrice Primus

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article presents an overview of the basic issues concerning the relationship between case, grammatical relations, and semantic roles such as agent and patient. In most approaches, ... More

Categorial Grammar  

Glyn Morrill

Print publication date:
Feb 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Categorial grammar predates Syntactic Structures by two decades. Characterized by classification of expressions by recursively defined types, it is highly lexicalist or, as in the ... More

Cognitive Grammar  

Ronald W. Langacker

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Research leading to the formulation of cognitive grammar began in the spring of 1976. On the American theoretical scene, it was the era of the “linguistics wars” between generative ... More

Cognitive Grammar  

Ronald W. Langacker

Print publication date:
Feb 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Cognitive Grammar (CG) is a particular version of cognitive linguistic theory within the broader movement of functional linguistics. It is a usage-based approach grounded in both cognition ... More

Coherence Relations  

Andrew Kehler

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
Mentation does not proceed via the pursuit of random paths of thought, but instead by way of connections among ideas that are guided by certain types of associative principles. Since a ... More

Compositionality  

Henk J. Verkuyl

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Compositionality concerns the computation of complex meanings at higher levels of structure on the basis of atomic meanings. This article is based on the conviction that complex meaning of ... More

Embedded Tenses  

Toshyuki Ogihara and Yael Sharvit

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The English present tense does not exhibit a uniform behavior in all embedded environments. Its ability to receive a simultaneous reading in complement clauses of attitude verbs depends on ... More

Event Structure and Syntax  

Tal Siloni

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
This chapter examines the syntactic decompositional view of event structure. On this view, the event is composed of distinct syntactic heads that correspond to its meaning ingredients. The ... More

Event Structure and Verbal Decomposition  

Gillian Ramchand

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
This chapter explores the relationship between constrained semantic representations of events, and structured syntactic representations that express them. I show that these representations ... More

Event Structure without naïve Physics  

Henk J. Verkuyl

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
What is the real nature of the aspectual division between perfective and imperfective as revealed by the well-known in/for-test? The answer is founded on the idea that this division between ... More

Evidentiality and Formal Semantic Theories  

Margaret Speas

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter reviews recent proposals about how the meanings of evidentials should be captured within formal semantic theories, which attempt to model compositional meaning in a way that ... More

Form-Independent Meaning Representation for Eventualities  

Mark Steedman

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
Linguists and philosophers since Aristotle have attempted to reduce natural language semantics in general, and the semantics of eventualities in particular, to a ‘language of mind’, ... More

Formalizing the relationship between meaning and syntax  

Wilfrid Hodges

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Linguists started to handle the semantics of linguistic constructions with the proper generality only in the twentieth century. Leonard Bloomfield approaches the notion of a construction ... More

Inner Aspect Crosslinguistically  

Lisa deMena Travis

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
This chapter explores the nature of Inner Aspect by investigating non-culminating accomplishments languages. In these languages, the unmarked way of saying ‘x killed y’ does not entail that ... More

Language and Thought  

Wolfram Hinzen

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article explores the relation between language and thought. The term ‘thought’ is an abstraction. It has its uses: for many philosophical purposes one may simply want to abstract from ... More

Language Development in Children with Developmental Disorders  

Andrea Zukowski

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter discusses a number of developmental disorders that impact language acquisition, and their possible relevance to understanding how language is typically acquired. The chapter ... More

A Lexical Semantic Approach to Compounding  

Rochelle Lieber

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter explores the interpretation of compounds in terms of the framework of lexical semantic analysis developed in Lieber (2004). That work offered an analysis of typical English ... More

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